I’ve taken the Red Pill and Americans aren’t worth my red blood.


I don’t have any hesitance in writing this, it’s necessary. But my prior strong patriotic fervor, 24 years military; C-130 combat aircrew service, Vietnam Veteran and Gulf War contributor, the irrevocable trust in my government, and our constitution has been a sad experience to erode over the past few years with the many revelations. The corruption in congress is complete through financial dependence on wealthy and powerful persons and interest. Congressional leadership are the foremen over the rank in file, representing only the elite, and campaign fund collection. This likely was always somewhat an elitist game, but now they have moved to their next phase.

The loss of Freedom of the press by consolidation of media ownership, but more so consolidation of globalist agenda and radical ideals. Congress hasn’t the will and is shackled from any anti-trust legislation against this death of a vital part of our democratic facade.

Our Supreme Court has been hamstrung fighting small battles over constitutional interpretation and minor rulings, and totally hoodwinked on what has taken place in America. When, they look at freedom of the press their prism only protects the institution of individual media corporations and reporters. Thirty years ago this was the battle, protection of government control of the press. They are still fighting this non applicable incursion. Today, it is the elite, powerful, wealthy individuals who have been a threat to freedom of the press. They won this battle is over.

The executive department with it’s many bureaucratic agencies, have no stake in preserving democracy, just preserving their agency, reputation, and funding. They also have their corrupt leaders who ride the globialist train. Their battles are minuscule in the rising tide drowning America. Our President, hasn’t the power to stop this democratic mutation, if he desired. He may be overwhelmed by the job, know our problems, but does he realize Democracy has been destroyed in America.

Our Nation has a culture of violence. This fuels the elite’s direct of indirect profit from conflict. Our culture, convinces Americans it’s alright to sacrifice their children every few years, for the elites monetary gain.

1America Has Been at War 93% of the Time – 222 out of 239 Years – Since 1776

By Washington’s Blog

Global Research, March 01, 2018

Washington’s Blog 20 February 2015

Region: USA

Theme: History, US NATO War Agenda

The U.S. Has Only Been At Peace For 21 Years Total Since Its Birth

In 2011, Danios wrote:

 Below, I have reproduced a year-by-year timeline of America’s wars, which reveals something quite interesting: since the United States was founded in 1776, she has been at war during 214 out of her 235 calendar years of existence.  In other words, there were only 21 calendar years in which the U.S. did not wage any wars.

1776 – American Revolutionary War, Chickamagua Wars, Second Cherokee War, Pennamite-Yankee War

1777 – American Revolutionary War, Chickamauga Wars, Second Cherokee War, Pennamite-Yankee War

1778 – American Revolutionary War, Chickamauga Wars, Pennamite-Yankee War

1779 – American Revolutionary War, Chickamauga Wars, Pennamite-Yankee War

1780 – American Revolutionary War, Chickamauga Wars, Pennamite-Yankee War

1781 – American Revolutionary War, Chickamauga Wars, Pennamite-Yankee War

1782 – American Revolutionary War, Chickamauga Wars, Pennamite-Yankee War

1783 – American Revolutionary War, Chickamauga Wars, Pennamite-Yankee War

1784 – Chickamauga Wars, Pennamite-Yankee War, Oconee War

1785 – Chickamauga Wars, Northwest Indian War

1786 – Chickamauga Wars, Northwest Indian War

1787 – Chickamauga Wars, Northwest Indian War

1788 – Chickamauga Wars, Northwest Indian War

1789 – Chickamauga Wars, Northwest Indian War

1790 – Chickamauga Wars, Northwest Indian War

1791 – Chickamauga Wars, Northwest Indian War

1792 – Chickamauga Wars, Northwest Indian War

1793 – Chickamauga Wars, Northwest Indian War

1794 – Chickamauga Wars, Northwest Indian War

1795 – Northwest Indian War

1796 – No major war

1797 – No major war

1798 – Quasi-War

1799 – Quasi-War

1800 – Quasi-War

1801 – First Barbary War

1802 – First Barbary War

1803 – First Barbary War

1804 – First Barbary War

1805 – First Barbary War

1806 – Sabine Expedition

1807 – No major war

1808 – No major war

1809 – No major war

1810 – U.S. occupies Spanish-held West Florida

1811 – Tecumseh’s War

1812 – War of 1812, Tecumseh’s War, Seminole Wars, U.S. occupies Spanish-held Amelia Island and other parts of East Florida

1813 – War of 1812, Tecumseh’s War, Peoria War, Creek War, U.S. expands its territory in West Florida

1814 – War of 1812, Creek War, U.S. expands its territory in Florida, Anti-piracy war

1815 – War of 1812, Second Barbary War, Anti-piracy war

1816 – First Seminole War, Anti-piracy war

1817 – First Seminole War, Anti-piracy war

1818 – First Seminole War, Anti-piracy war

1819 – Yellowstone Expedition, Anti-piracy war

1820 – Yellowstone Expedition, Anti-piracy war

1821 – Anti-piracy war (see note above)

1822 – Anti-piracy war (see note above)

1823 – Anti-piracy war, Arikara War

1824 – Anti-piracy war

1825 – Yellowstone Expedition, Anti-piracy war

1826 – No major war

1827 – Winnebago War

1828 – No major war

1829 – No major war

1830 – No major war 

1831 – Sac and Fox Indian War

1832 – Black Hawk War

1833 – Cherokee Indian War

1834 – Cherokee Indian War, Pawnee Indian Territory Campaign

1835 – Cherokee Indian War, Seminole Wars, Second Creek War

1836 – Cherokee Indian War, Seminole Wars, Second Creek War, Missouri-Iowa Border War

1837 – Cherokee Indian War, Seminole Wars, Second Creek War, Osage Indian War, Buckshot War

1838 – Cherokee Indian War, Seminole Wars, Buckshot War, Heatherly Indian War

1839 – Cherokee Indian War, Seminole Wars

1840 – Seminole Wars, U.S. naval forces invade Fiji Islands

1841 – Seminole Wars, U.S. naval forces invade McKean Island, Gilbert Islands, and Samoa

1842 – Seminole Wars

1843 – U.S. forces clash with Chinese, U.S. troops invade African coast

1844 – Texas-Indian Wars

1845 – Texas-Indian Wars

1846 – Mexican-American War, Texas-Indian Wars

1847 – Mexican-American War, Texas-Indian Wars

1848 – Mexican-American War, Texas-Indian Wars, Cayuse War

1849 – Texas-Indian Wars, Cayuse War, Southwest Indian Wars, Navajo Wars, Skirmish between 1st Cavalry and Indians

1850 – Texas-Indian Wars, Cayuse War, Southwest Indian Wars, Navajo Wars, Yuma War, California Indian Wars, Pitt River Expedition

1851 – Texas-Indian Wars, Cayuse War, Southwest Indian Wars, Navajo Wars, Apache Wars, Yuma War, Utah Indian Wars, California Indian Wars

1852 – Texas-Indian Wars, Cayuse War, Southwest Indian Wars, Navajo Wars, Yuma War, Utah Indian Wars, California Indian Wars

1853 – Texas-Indian Wars, Cayuse War, Southwest Indian Wars, Navajo Wars, Yuma War, Utah Indian Wars, Walker War, California Indian Wars

1854 – Texas-Indian Wars, Cayuse War, Southwest Indian Wars, Navajo Wars, Apache Wars, California Indian Wars, Skirmish between 1st Cavalry and Indians

1855 – Seminole Wars, Texas-Indian Wars, Cayuse War, Southwest Indian Wars, Navajo Wars, Apache Wars, California Indian Wars, Yakima War, Winnas Expedition, Klickitat War, Puget Sound War, Rogue River Wars, U.S. forces invade Fiji Islands and Uruguay

1856 – Seminole Wars, Texas-Indian Wars, Southwest Indian Wars, Navajo Wars, California Indian Wars, Puget Sound War, Rogue River Wars, Tintic War

1857 – Seminole Wars, Texas-Indian Wars, Southwest Indian Wars, Navajo Wars, California Indian Wars, Utah War, Conflict in Nicaragua

1858 – Seminole Wars, Texas-Indian Wars, Southwest Indian Wars, Navajo Wars, Mohave War, California Indian Wars, Spokane-Coeur d’Alene-Paloos War, Utah War, U.S. forces invade Fiji Islands and Uruguay

1859 Texas-Indian Wars, Southwest Indian Wars, Navajo Wars, California Indian Wars, Pecos Expedition, Antelope Hills Expedition, Bear River Expedition, John Brown’s raid, U.S. forces launch attack against Paraguay, U.S. forces invade Mexico

1860 – Texas-Indian Wars, Southwest Indian Wars, Navajo Wars, Apache Wars, California Indian Wars, Paiute War, Kiowa-Comanche War

1861 – American Civil War, Texas-Indian Wars, Southwest Indian Wars, Navajo Wars, Apache Wars, California Indian Wars, Cheyenne Campaign

1862 – American Civil War, Texas-Indian Wars, Southwest Indian Wars, Navajo Wars, Apache Wars, California Indian Wars, Cheyenne Campaign, Dakota War of 1862,

1863 – American Civil War, Texas-Indian Wars, Southwest Indian Wars, Navajo Wars, Apache Wars, California Indian Wars, Cheyenne Campaign, Colorado War, Goshute War

1864 – American Civil War, Texas-Indian Wars, Navajo Wars, Apache Wars, California Indian Wars, Cheyenne Campaign, Colorado War, Snake War

1865 – American Civil War, Texas-Indian Wars, Navajo Wars, Apache Wars, California Indian Wars, Colorado War, Snake War, Utah’s Black Hawk War

1866 – Texas-Indian Wars, Navajo Wars, Apache Wars, California Indian Wars, Skirmish between 1st Cavalry and Indians, Snake War, Utah’s Black Hawk War, Red Cloud’s War, Franklin County War, U.S. invades Mexico, Conflict with China

1867 – Texas-Indian Wars, Long Walk of the Navajo, Apache Wars, Skirmish between 1st Cavalry and Indians, Snake War, Utah’s Black Hawk War, Red Cloud’s War, Comanche Wars, Franklin County War, U.S. troops occupy Nicaragua and attack Taiwan

1868 – Texas-Indian Wars, Long Walk of the Navajo, Apache Wars, Skirmish between 1st Cavalry and Indians, Snake War, Utah’s Black Hawk War, Red Cloud’s War, Comanche Wars, Battle of Washita River, Franklin County War

1869 – Texas-Indian Wars, Apache Wars, Skirmish between 1st Cavalry and Indians, Utah’s Black Hawk War, Comanche Wars, Franklin County War

1870 – Texas-Indian Wars, Apache Wars, Skirmish between 1st Cavalry and Indians, Utah’s Black Hawk War, Comanche Wars, Franklin County War

1871 – Texas-Indian Wars, Apache Wars, Skirmish between 1st Cavalry and Indians, Utah’s Black Hawk War, Comanche Wars, Franklin County War, Kingsley Cave Massacre, U.S. forces invade Korea

1872 – Texas-Indian Wars, Apache Wars, Utah’s Black Hawk War, Comanche Wars, Modoc War, Franklin County War

1873 – Texas-Indian Wars, Comanche Wars, Modoc War, Apache Wars, Cypress Hills Massacre, U.S. forces invade Mexico

1874 – Texas-Indian Wars, Comanche Wars, Red River War, Mason County War, U.S. forces invade Mexico

1875 – Conflict in Mexico, Texas-Indian Wars, Comanche Wars, Eastern Nevada, Mason County War, Colfax County War, U.S. forces invade Mexico

1876 – Texas-Indian Wars, Black Hills War, Mason County War, U.S. forces invade Mexico

1877 – Texas-Indian Wars, Skirmish between 1st Cavalry and Indians, Black Hills War, Nez Perce War, Mason County War, Lincoln County War, San Elizario Salt War, U.S. forces invade Mexico

1878 – Paiute Indian conflict, Bannock War, Cheyenne War, Lincoln County War, U.S. forces invade Mexico

1879 – Cheyenne War, Sheepeater Indian War, White River War, U.S. forces invade Mexico

1880 – U.S. forces invade Mexico

1881 – U.S. forces invade Mexico

1882 – U.S. forces invade Mexico

1883 – U.S. forces invade Mexico

1884 – U.S. forces invade Mexico

1885 – Apache Wars, Eastern Nevada Expedition, U.S. forces invade Mexico

1886 – Apache Wars, Pleasant Valley War, U.S. forces invade Mexico

1887 – U.S. forces invade Mexico

1888 – U.S. show of force against Haiti, U.S. forces invade Mexico

1889 – U.S. forces invade Mexico

1890 – Sioux Indian War, Skirmish between 1st Cavalry and Indians, Ghost Dance War, Wounded Knee, U.S. forces invade Mexico

1891 – Sioux Indian War, Ghost Dance War, U.S. forces invade Mexico

1892 – Johnson County War, U.S. forces invade Mexico

1893 – U.S. forces invade Mexico and Hawaii

1894 – U.S. forces invade Mexico

1895 – U.S. forces invade Mexico, Bannock Indian Disturbances

1896 – U.S. forces invade Mexico

1897 – No major war

1898 – Spanish-American War, Battle of Leech Lake, Chippewa Indian Disturbances

1899 – Philippine-American War, Banana Wars

1900 – Philippine-American War, Banana Wars

1901 – Philippine-American War, Banana Wars

1902 – Philippine-American War, Banana Wars

1903 – Philippine-American War, Banana Wars

1904 – Philippine-American War, Banana Wars

1905 – Philippine-American War, Banana Wars

1906 – Philippine-American War, Banana Wars

1907 – Philippine-American War, Banana Wars

1908 – Philippine-American War, Banana Wars

1909 – Philippine-American War, Banana Wars

1910 – Philippine-American War, Banana Wars

1911 – Philippine-American War, Banana Wars

1912 – Philippine-American War, Banana Wars

1913 – Philippine-American War, Banana Wars, New Mexico Navajo War

1914 – Banana Wars, U.S. invades Mexico

1915 – Banana Wars, U.S. invades Mexico, Colorado Paiute War

1916 – Banana Wars, U.S. invades Mexico

1917 – Banana Wars, World War I, U.S. invades Mexico

1918 – Banana Wars, World War I, U.S invades Mexico

1919 – Banana Wars, U.S. invades Mexico

1920 – Banana Wars

1921 – Banana Wars

1922 – Banana Wars

1923 – Banana Wars, Posey War

1924 – Banana Wars

1925 – Banana Wars

1926 – Banana Wars

1927 – Banana Wars

1928 – Banana Wars

1930 – Banana Wars

1931 – Banana Wars

1932 – Banana Wars

1933 – Banana Wars

1934 – Banana Wars

1935 – No major war

1936 – No major war

1937 – No major war

1938 – No major war

1939 – No major war

1940 – No major war

1941 – World War II

1942 – World War II

1943 – Wold War II

1944 – World War II

1945 – World War II

1946 – Cold War (U.S. occupies the Philippines and South Korea)

1947 – Cold War (U.S. occupies South Korea, U.S. forces land in Greece to fight Communists)

1948 – Cold War (U.S. forces aid Chinese Nationalist Party against Communists)

1949 – Cold War (U.S. forces aid Chinese Nationalist Party against Communists)

1950 – Korean War, Jayuga Uprising

1951 – Korean War

1952 – Korean War

1953 – Korean War

1954 – Covert War in Guatemala

1955 – Vietnam War

1956 – Vietnam War

1957 – Vietnam War

1958 – Vietnam War

1959 – Vietnam War, Conflict in Haiti

1960 – Vietam War

1961 – Vietnam War

1962 – Vietnam War, Cold War (Cuban Missile Crisis; U.S. marines fight Communists in Thailand)

1963 – Vietnam War

1964 – Vietnam War

1965 – Vietnam War, U.S. occupation of Dominican Republic

1966 – Vietnam War, U.S. occupation of Dominican Republic

1967 – Vietnam War

1968 – Vietnam War

1969 – Vietnam War

1970 – Vietnam War

1971 – Vietnam War

1972 – Vietnam War

1973 – Vietnam War, U.S. aids Israel in Yom Kippur War

1974 – Vietnam War

1975 – Vietnam War

1976 – No major war

1977 – No major war

1978 – No major war

1979 – Cold War (CIA proxy war in Afghanistan)

1980 – Cold War (CIA proxy war in Afghanistan)

1981 – Cold War (CIA proxy war in Afghanistan and Nicaragua), First Gulf of Sidra Incident

1982 – Cold War (CIA proxy war in Afghanistan and Nicaragua), Conflict in Lebanon

1983 – Cold War (Invasion of Grenada, CIA proxy war in Afghanistan and Nicaragua), Conflict in Lebanon

1984 – Cold War (CIA proxy war in Afghanistan and Nicaragua), Conflict in Persian Gulf

1985 – Cold War (CIA proxy war in Afghanistan and Nicaragua)

1986 – Cold War (CIA proxy war in Afghanistan and Nicaragua)

1987 – Conflict in Persian Gulf

1988 – Conflict in Persian Gulf, U.S. occupation of Panama

1989 – Second Gulf of Sidra Incident, U.S. occupation of Panama, Conflict in Philippines

1990 – First Gulf War, U.S. occupation of Panama

1991 – First Gulf War

1992 – Conflict in Iraq

1993 – Conflict in Iraq

1994 – Conflict in Iraq, U.S. invades Haiti

1995 – Conflict in Iraq, U.S. invades Haiti, NATO bombing of Bosnia and Herzegovina

1996 – Conflict in Iraq

1997 – No major war

1998 – Bombing of Iraq, Missile strikes against Afghanistan and Sudan

1999 – Kosovo War

2000 – No major war

2001 – War on Terror in Afghanistan

2002 – War on Terror in Afghanistan and Yemen

2003 – War on Terror in Afghanistan, and Iraq

2004 – War on Terror in Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, and Yemen

2005 – War on Terror in Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, and Yemen

2006 – War on Terror in Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, and Yemen

2007 – War on Terror in Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, Somalia, and Yemen

2008 – War on Terror in Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, and Yemen

2009 – War on Terror in Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, and Yemen

2010 – War on Terror in Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, and Yemen

2011 – War on Terror in Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, Somalia, and Yemen; Conflict in Libya (Libyan Civil War)

2012 – War on Terror in Afghanistan, Iraq, Somalia, Syria and Yemen

2013 – War on Terror in Afghanistan, Iraq, Somalia, Syria and Yemen

2014 – War on Terror in Afghanistan, Iraq, Somalia, Syria and Yemen; Civil War in Ukraine

2015 – War on Terror in Somalia, Somalia, Syria and Yemen; Civil War in Ukraine

(1First published by Washington’s Blog and Global Research in January 2017)

Since 1776, our independence, America was at war the first 100+ years. Every year. Not all big wars, some maybe disputable as being a war, but America’s Sons were spilling their blood. Was this our founding fathers dream or vision of America? Something is very wrong with this revelation. Were we founded from the beginning just to make the elite wealthy? Were we not a predominantly Christian nation during this period, which is a peaceful religion per doctrine. At least in our New Testament, (those who separated from the Jewish prophets and laws), God made a new covenant, through his son Jesus Christ. No Christian wars in the New Testament. But by the time America was liberated, Christianities Church fathers had already bent the knee to Kings, Queens, Popes, and realms.

The culture in America was violent in 1776. 1000’s of years of violent history preceded her. America was a hostile place, indian resistance, lawlessness in much of the populated areas, and we started with a fight against; french, Indians, and of course our landlord, the King of England and the parliament. Our children were taught weapon skills at an early age; for hunting and defense of their family and homes.

Things have changed somewhat in America’s culture. Lawlessness, except areas of Chicago, Detroit, and other urban areas, has been greatly reduced. America at home is 90% at peace. This decline in violence likely worried the elite profiteers of arms and wars. Many left wing radicals appear to be trying to ignite a semi-uprising in America. Not Surprisingly they are globalist and foolish. America has already taken the blue pill.

“You take the blue pill—the story ends, you wake up in your bed and believe whatever you want to believe. You take the red pill—you stay in Wonderland, and I show you how deep the rabbit hole goes.” (1999, Movie – The Matrix)

Why? The real Elitist/Military/Industrial corporations hypnotized Americans into being grass fed cows after World War II. The end of two terrifying wars and periods of instability, gave returning soldiers longing for peace, calm, and free from fear. Most Americans have fairly good jobs, plenty of food, plenty of leisure time and peace, calm and freedom from fear. But the men behind the curtain wanted some lean bulls too. There were still wars to fight and arms to sell. Our culture became flooded in violent TV and Movies. Video Games with blood splatter. Sports becoming more violent, in 55” LED, HD, 3D, vivid color for $250.00 at Walmart’s. From around 71-91, we bought 24” RCA XL-100 Color TV’s for $500.00. I believe 3, all $500.00. I bought (don’t laugh) a Pcjr with a 128K memory, and floppy disk for $1000.00 in 1983. Today; HP Pavilion 17-ar050wm, 17.3″ Laptop, Full HD IPS Dislpay, Windows 10 Home, AMD A10-9620P QC, 8GB Memory, 1TB Hard Drive. $499.00, at Walmart’s. Thus our violent TV, Streaming Movies, Mixed Martial Arts bloodfest, Computer and Video games are well within the reach of most Americans. And then we still have real wars practically every year. America has a violent culture. I’ve wrote on this extensively at, and These things are game changers and brain changers. I addressed these in my blogs.

So continue taking your blue pill, sacrifice a child or grandchild to the current war, enjoy your peaceful, comfortable Fascist Corporation Government, termed Oligarchy, but we call it Democracy. I’m not going into the insane, illegal, scientific experiments on Americans, the environment and you. Black ops, assassination teams, and tortures. Illegal surveillance, spying and collection of data on you by the government and corporations. The myriad manipulations and subtle mind control, everyone in America clogs along shackled, without knowledge. (This article may be manipulated to reach the fewest readers.) None of this matter, we all saw the movie, right?

The most shocking fact, most Americans don’t care, don’t want to know, or don’t believe the obvious. When every American should be grabbing their muskets and fighting the real Revolutionary War. (I’m speaking metaphorically and not suggesting any violence.)

This ends my blogging and twitter commentary. I’ve taken the Red Pill and Americans aren’t worth my red blood.

by James Kirk-Wiggins (c) 2018 All Rights Reserved.



My fellow Americans and Citizens of the Universe. I am sorry I have deprived you of my insightful, sardonic, cyberpunk inspired writings for a fortnight. I didn’t have any chaos, personal failures, family violence, or suicides; any more than my usual samsaric life on Terra. (Remember, it’s all an illusion.) God, I hope so.

Actually, can I be straight with you? Can you handle the truth? I hate you. I HATE YOU. Well, not all of you but Social Media. It’s got so negative, mean, depressing, every time I go on Twitter I want to buy a gun for the inevitable revolution. I’m not a gun enthusiast, NRA member, or Minuteman. (Maybe 60-minute man…wonderful old song). I have one shotgun that I’ve had for 20 years and haven’t fired it in about 19.

I’m not talking about Facebook, it’s an Ice Cream cone, everyone keeps licking. But Twitter, Google, blogs; Where hate is the vehicle everyone rides in on. I don’t think people can be civil and respectful on Twitter; I don’t think I can. Therefore, I am dissolving all Social Media except Facebook. When dystopian media users, discuss what Social Media was like, I want Facebook around so they can see why I removed it. Just a ploy, I learned when I went to MKULTRA summer camp in 1969.

That’s all for now. OH, one thing. The President of Mexico recently said in an interview; “God did not create borders.” WTF was he saying. Is he for a one world borderless anarchy? He should study; how Nation-States have begun, evolved from tribal, warrior kings, monarchs, Odin and Venus and possibly Lord of the Rings.

Besides, God did create borders. He told the Israelites specifically the borders of the promised land. I’m not looking it up, just trust me.

God Bless these Divided States of America,
Save our King; Donald Trump.

Blessed Be, Send me love.

James Kirk-Wiggins (c) One Free Press (c)

(p.s. watch the series Half Worlds, it’s a new art.)

[The following is to test the NSA mining software. Hey Guys! Revolution, Bomb, Assasination, Canada, White House, Hillary Clinton, Child Slave market, explosive, Isis, Iran, go boom I hope, Syria, God bless President Trump.]

God bless you each and everyone. Peace and non-violence is the way of the evolved Homo-Sapiens. We will eventually receive a new designation, maybe Homo-Sapien 2, in the interim, until the evolution is obviously dominant. War is anarchistic. Violence defies logic and along with war is two of the greatest idiocies of the first Homo-Sapiens. It’s blatant lunacy and a sign of deep mental disease for someone to promote violence, revolution, or war. Peace through Evolution. Jim Kirk-Wiggins cc by


intelligence gathering, prisoner ‘questioning’, treason both foreign and domestic and all the dirty, illegal, immoral stuff parts of the US government haS committed

 Black Ops, Tyranical Secret police, Spies, Treasons, Missing persons, and establishing a Federal Income Tax; During The War Between The States.


The Following 17 pages of Freedom of Information Act released; previously non-public government documents are on the Civil War. Primarily my impression is it centers on intelligence gathering, prisoner ‘questioning’, treason both foreign and domestic and all the dirty, illegal, immoral stuff parts of the US government had committed; that has happened in the closing of the 20th century and into the 21st century. “There is nothing new under the sun.” I see several movies here…but why did they wait until 2010 to release document from 1860-1864? Embarassing and revealing, and history has never been more interesting. Enjoy. I’ll dig through the infested web of government documents and…..  I will provide more secrets for you.

I feel I must say this in defense of Abraham Lincoln. (besides a reference a person received an appointment by blackmailing Lincoln) I find that Lincoln was an honerable, and conscienscious man. Beginning his Presidency with our Republic being split apart, on the brink of war, and surrounded by Southern sympatheisers everywhere. Our Europeon allies were almost all directly supplying cash and weapons to the South, buying King Cotton. But his heart, I believe so far, was true to America and ending slavery. It also shows it’s not how rough your Presidency starts but how it ends. He did give his Second inaugural address only 4 days before his death though. Yet he kept America united, ended slavery, and was successful at defeating a viril and powerful enemy, moreso than you have been led to believe.

I suggest you read Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Speech. I came away from it with a greater understanding of Mr. Lincoln and great respect.

Printed Government Content Type: OPEN SOURCE  CIA/FOIA reading room document heading. Refer end of content.


Approved For Release 2010/07/01: CIA-RDP91-00587R000201000006-5


Abraham Lincoln was elected President of the United States on November 6, 1860. Six weeks later, South Carolina seceded from the Union. Four more states seceded in January 1861. By the time Lincoln was inaugurated, March 4, 1861, six states had withdrawn from the Union, formed the Confederate States of America and inaugurated as its president a former Secretary of War and, until his resignation, a member of the U.S. Senate–Jefferson Davis. Lincoln had been in the White House only a week when the Confederate States of America adopted its Constitution. A month later, Confederate troops under General Beauregard captured Fort Sumter at Charleston, South Carolina. President Lincoln declared the existence of an insurrection, issued a call for troops and ordered a blockade of southern ports. In the wake of Lincoln’s reaction, four more states, for a total of ten, joined the secession. The first federal income tax law was passed by Congress and the president was authorized to strengthen the army with volunteers. With these moves, political, financial, commercial and domestic bonds which for seventy years had joined the North and South were ripped asunder. In Washington, every department of government fell into disorganization as employees resigned to join the southern movement. Members of both houses, cabinet officers and judges volunteered their services to the new nation. U.S. Ministers and Consuls abroad resigned their posts and hurried home to support the Confederate cause. The division of the nation was not along geographic lines. There were thousands in the north who believed sincerely in the justice of the southern cause. There were also northern businessmen with established ties to commerce below the Mason-Dixon line who would continue to supply the south with the money, materials of war and supplies it would need to sustain itself. Lincoln, new to the Presidency had another problem. As an author would note in 1862: “The diplomatic corps abroad and the incumbents of office at the North were most of them inclined to thwart the action of the new administration, and in their train was a large number of active men on whom the government could not depend . . . The new administration found itself completely in the power of the secession party, and all its secrets, from the cabinet debates to the details of orders, were known in the South. The business of the departments, the judiciary, the army and navy, and the offices were filled with persons who were eagerly watching to catch up and transmit every item of information that might aid the Confederacy, or thwart the government.” Congress had not anticipated the emergency and made no provision for it. President Lincoln, exercising his Constitutional powers to suppress insurrection, acted quickly. All communications between the North and South were watched carefully. Records of all telegraph messages with the South for the preceding year were seized for intelligence exploitation. Postal regulations were changed to permit examination of the mails. Police chiefs in northern cities were requested to trail and arrest suspected persons. Newspapers printing editorials construed as containing sentiments disloyal to the Union were suppressed. The writ of habeas corpus was suspended in many places, and all persons believed to be aiding the South in any way were arrested by special civil and military agents and placed in military custody. The police commissioners of Baltimore were arrested, as was a portion of the Maryland legislature. Soon the prisons were overflowing with prisoners of state and distracted

Approved For Release 2010/07/01: CIA-RDP91-00587R000201000006-5

Approved For Release 2010/07/01: CIA-RDP91-00587R000201000006-5

wardens complained that they had no room for more. In 1862, President Lincoln was anxious to return to a more normal course of administration and issued an order for the release on parole of all political and state prisoners, except those detained as spies or otherwise inimical to public safety. From that time, important arrests were made only under the direction of the military authorities. The organization for wartime security and intelligence was not complex. Each military department commander devised projects, assigned missions, and appointed their own chief detective to recruit soldiers and civilians for espionage and investigation. Some department commanders directed intelligence personally, others delegated to their provost marshal, their signal officer, their chief of staff, etc. In addition, the War Department employed special agents reporting directly to the Secretary. From the beginning, Washington, D.C. was one of the centers of intense Federal investigative activity. The city was filled with persons suspected of supplying information to the Confederates; fatal secrets dropped at parties were sent, as were maps and plans from Federal offices. The only regular troops near the capital were three or four hundred marines at the Marine Barracks and perhaps a hundred enlisted men of ordnance at the Washington Arsenal. The only armed volunteer organizations consisted of two companies of riflemen, a skeleton infantry battalion of 160 men and a small National Guard unit. The units were mobilizing and new ones were being formed. One, the National Rifles had over one hundred men and was adding to its rolls daily. It had a full supply of rifles, two mountain howitzers, sabers, revolvers and ammunition, and was drilling every night. A Federal detective who had penetrated the unit reported that the commanding officer was encouraging his men to take the weapons and ammunition home for the day it would be mobilized for a single mission, the seizure of the U.S. Treasury Department. Another group, the National Volunteers was found to be discussing openly the seizure of the Federal capital. Both units were neutralized and broken up. PtnkerWnOngon m”L In April 1861, Major General George B. McClellan, the vice president of the Illinois Central Railroad, was appointed to head the Ohio Militia. Named to head his intelligence office in Cincinnati was Major E. J. Allen, the nom de guerre of Allan Pinkerton, a Chicago- based private detective who had conducted confidential investigations for McClellan in the past and who had, until recently, been working as a government detective in Washington. [Some years would elapse before EJ. Allen’s true identity as Pinkerton would be revealed.] After the Confederate victory at Bull Run, McClellan was promoted to command the Union Forces, and Pinkerton accompanied him to Washington, tasked with both espionage and counterespionage. He conducted a full-fledged secret service activity in the Army of the Potomac’s field of operations and his performance in counterintelligence appears to have been very effective. In fact, Pinkerton provided the principal detective force in Washington from the summer of 1861 through 1862. Pinkerton maintained daily contact with and made reports to the President, the Secretary of War, the Provost Marshal General and the general- in-chief of the armies. He found his staff insufficient for the job at hand and one of his greatest problems was the recruitment of new agents. Pinkerton’s field intelligence efforts have been given high marks, but his analytical method evidences consistent overestimation of enemy strength and capability which fed McClellan’s penchant for cautiousness and inaction. In November 1862, after Antietam, McClellan was relieved of command and Major General Ambrose Burnside was appointed to command the Army of the Potomac. Pinkerton was indignant at the treatment of McClellan, and left Washington with him, to spend the remainder of the war investigating fraud and war claims against the government. Eleven

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members of the Pinkerton organization continued in operation in Washington for a while, but dwindled thereafter. Following the war, Pinkerton was not spared the views of detractors. Ward H. Lamon, a friend of Lincoln, alleged that the Baltimore assassination plot supposedly foiled by Pinkerton in 1861 was a fiction invented by Pinkerton to further his ambitions. Another was that Pinkerton had contacted an agent in Richmond through couriers known to the South, resulting in the agent’s execution. Baker O mhaq The Federal Government was, in the beginning, lacking any organized secret services. The Department of State, the Department of War and the Department of the Navy each attempted to deal with the loyalty issue, but the greater share of the effort fell to the Department of State. Secretary Seward sent a force of detectives into Canada and along the frontier to intercept all communications between the British Dominion and the Confederacy. He assigned other agents to investigate industry in an effort to stop the flow of materials from them to the South. And, Seward appointed Lafayette C. Baker to conduct War Department investigations under State Department supervision. Baker, whose grandfather was one of the Green Mountain Boys killed by the British on a spying mission near Montreal during the American Revolution, was a veteran of the California Vigilance Committee, had completed a colorful and successful mission into the South, had been recruited by the Confederacy-or so they thought-and dispatched back to Washington. Baker had reported on suspicious persons in Baltimore, followed by a short tour watching and arresting Confederate agents at Niagara Falls, before the Washington assignment. He served under direction of the Department of State until February 1862, when the strong-willed Edwin H. Stanton became Secretary of War and had Baker’s organization transferred to his jurisdiction. Baker was commissioned a colonel and made responsible for the organization of the First District of Columbia Cavalry, a regiment employed in defense and regulation of the Nation’s capital. Despite his colorful postwar memoirs, Baker’s responsibilities dealt chiefly with matters that had little to do with the active conduct of the war or positive intelligence collection. Rather, he focused on domestic counterintelligence, fraud and criminal investigation: he took charge of abandoned Confederate property, investigated fraudulent practices of contractors, assisted the newly-formed Secret Service in the Treasury Department in unearthing counterfeiters, and did more than anyone to suppress bounty-jumpers, the latter a serious problem made worse by Confederate manipulation. But, it was Baker’s domestic security or counterintelligence effort that gained him a reputation, probably deserved, for high-handed methods, illegal arrests and star-chamber legal proceedings against those suspected of disloyalty. He dispatched agents to Canada, had a small field office in New York for liaison with the police, and his men traveled the North making arrests. Officially, his title was Provost Marshal of the War Department [not Provost Marshal General as were his counterparts in the geographical departments and field armies]. His chain of command was actually through a colonel who relayed orders from Major Levi C . Turner, Judge Advocate of the War Department. Baker preferred to call his organization the National Detective Police Department, a term happily exploited by the press in reporting its successes and failures, but there appears to have been no legal authority behind the tide. There was no precedent for what Baker’s organization might or might not do in making the friend or foe determination. His agents were often charged with being corrupt, but then it must be remembered that the Civil War was a time when far too many high military and government officials were involved with respected businessmen in deals so corrupt they bordered on treason and aiding and abetting

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the enemy. Lucius Crittenden, Registrar of the Treasury said later of Baker: “He took into he service … men who claimed to have any aptitude for detective work, without recommendation, investigation, or any inquiry, beyond his own inspection, which he claimed immediately disclosed to him the character and abilities of the applicant. How large his regiment ultimately grew is uncertain, but at time he asserted that it exceeded two thousand men. With this force at his command, protected against interference from the judicial authorities, Baker became a law unto himself. He instituted a veritable Reign of Terror. He dealt with every accused person in the same manner; with a reputable citizen as with a deserter or a thief. He did not recognize the formality of written charges; it was quite sufficient for any person to suggest to Baker that a citizen might be doing something that was against the law. He was immediately arrested, handcuffed, and brought to Baker’s office, at that time in the basement of the Treasury. There he was subject to browbeating examination, in which Baker is said to rival in impudence some head of the criminal bar. This examination was repeated, as often as he chose. Most were kept in their rooms for weeks, without warrant, affidavit or any semblance of authority … He always lived at the first hotels, had an abundance of money, and I am sure did more to disgust good citizens and bring the government to disrepute than the strongest opponents of the [detective] system had ever predicted.” Congressional complaints made against Baker following the war focused on his excesses during the war, or as one put it “this miserable wretch … held … in the hollow of his hand, the liberties of the American people.” It was alleged that he had forged letters used in the impeachment attempt against President Johnson and that he had extended his counterintelligence network into the White House itself. The Baker organization was dissolved to coincide with Baker’s dismissal by President Andrew Johnson. [It should be noted here that for a period of some eighteen months the Baker and Pinkerton organizations existed side by side, yet were entirely separate. In fact, there are at least two cases where members of one were under surveillance or arrested by agents of the other. Neither was J g “secret service” each claimed in his memoirs, and neither had the authority claimed in those post-war volumes. If there is to be any comparison between the two groups it might be in the form of a simple statistic: reports of Confederate espionage successes around Washington were more numerous for the period from June 1863 onwards (under Lafayette Baker) than for the year preceding Pinkerton’s departure and the months immediately following it.] Burnside failed to fill the Pinkerton vacancy, and it was not until January 1863 when Major General Joseph “Fighting Joe” Hooker replaced Burnside that the situation was remedied; Hooker, who is also credited with developing an effective combat intelligence and cavalry reconnaissance activity, appointed a young volunteer colonel, George H. Sharpe, to be deputy provost marshal and to direct the activities of the Bureau of Information. Sharpe organized a headquarters staff group which actually functioned as a centralized intelligence agency in the field; for the first time in the nation’s history commanders could receive intelligence that had been evaluated by experienced military and civilian personnel who had access to the body of intelligence flowing to Sharpe’s bureau. It continuously had agents, resident and transient, in Confederate territory and took over management of the Richmond ring at the beginning of the siege of the Confederate capital.

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The Sharpe organization had its own scouting capabilities [Sharpe employed some 200 spies and scouts, although they were listed as “guides” for payroll purposes, but even here the so-called guides were frequently behind Confederate lines wearing Confederate uniforms], maintained liaison detachments with neighboring commands, and provided a digest of information from all sources–prisoners, deserters, refugees, newspapers, scouts, cavalry, balloonists, Signal Corps observation posts and intercepts and dispatches from distant commands. As one writer has noted, “All this was not essentially different from the work of Pinkerton’s earlier organization, but the products resembled Pinkerton’s reports about as much as Hooker’s personality resembled McClellan’s.” The Sharpe organization gained a reputation of trust and accuracy in its reports and estimates, and in October 1863, Sharpe was breveted Major General and appointed Assistant Provost Marshal of the Armies Operating Against Richmond. His assistant, Major John C. Babcock, a former member of the Pinkerton organization, was named military intelligence chief for the Army of the Potomac under General Meade. Wi Wood Another valuable agent in the War Department was William P. Wood, superintendent of the Old Capitol Prison in Washington. As a result of his daily contact with political and military prisoners he missed no opportunity to gain the sort of information they might impart, be it the plans of the armies or the workings of the Confederate government. His reports to the Secretary of War were viewed as among the most helpful to reach the War Department. [After the war, Wood gained appointment as the first chief of the US. Secret Service, Department of the Treasury, a post left unfilled throughout the conflict.] Major Allot J. Myer Following the Federal defeat at Bull Run, Major Albert J. Myer submitted a proposal that the War Department establish a separate Signal Corps to take charge of all telegraphic duty for the Army and that specially equipped signal cars accompany every army into the field. Myers’ signals organization soon had its role enlarged to include the coordination of intelligence reports and maintaining a central file for reports of interrogation of refugees, deserters and prisoners for cross-checking intelligence. By 1863, the Army had some thirty signals trains in operation and, unilateral to Myer’s operation, established a civilian organization, the United States Military Telegraph, a thinly-guised extension of the American Telegraph Company. Myer protested, and was promptly relieved and sent to Cairo, Illinois, to await further orders. His successor, Lieutenant Colonel William J. L Nicodemus, fell after issuing an annual report for the Signal Corps in which he objected that Signal instruction was being discontinued at the U.S. Military Academy and protested that field telegraph lines should be returned to military control. The report leaked before it reached the Secretary of War. He dismissed Nicodemus and seized all copies of the report and the press on which it had been printed. [Five months later Nicodemus was reinstated by President Lincoln; In 1867, President Johnson appointed then-Colonel Myer to be the Chief Signal Officer of the Army.] The War Dq aibnent Telegraph Offs e Union cryptologic efforts were centered mainly in the War Department Telegraph Office in Washington. The humble effort was the channel through which President Lincoln received the intercepts of enemy communications, and in a sense became co-opted by the secret intelligence. David Homer Bates, manager of the office put it this way: “At times his anxiety would lead him to ask whether there was anything of importance coming through the mill.” He also trusted the security of the installation when considering secret matters and, in fact, drafted the Emancipation Proclamation there. Each day after working on the vital document, Bates recalls, Lincoln would leave it secured in the code room to protect it from advance

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disclosure by those who would attempt to thwart it. Bates also tells the story of Lincoln’s concern with the protection of sources and methods. A Confederate courier had been “doubled” by the Union, allowing the North to read dispatches he carried between Richmond and its agents in Canada. One of the messages seriously implicated the Canadian Government and Britain in covert support of the Confederate States. Secretary of War Stanton was insistent that the actual message be removed from the Southern pouch for later use as documentary evidence in supporting a U.S. demand for damages from the United Kingdom. Assistant Secretary of War Charles Dana, an experienced newspaper editor in private life, opposed the idea, fearing that to remove the document rather than just copy it would compromise the double-agent operation and end Union access to the Confederate traffic. The issue was carried to President Lincoln. Lincoln ordered that the critical document be returned to the pouch and the courier sent on his way. With protection of sources and methods out of the way, Lincoln then ordered that the courier be intercepted in Virginia and the pouch seized. The President’s final step, which also proved successful, was to facilitate a believable escape of the courier, in a hail of bullets, from Old Capitol Prison and a widely-advertised reward for the Confederate agent’s recapture. Following the war, the Telegraph Office moved to an obscure Maryland town, Annapolis Junction, the present location of the National Security Agency. The Aaariaut Carew Although sketch artists had been transported above the battle in Europe, the Civil War saw the first communication between such aerial observers and the ground by electric telegraph. The effort was the brainchild of Professor Thaddeus S.C. Lowe who convinced War Department officials that it could be applied. in the field. So effective was the overhead reconnaissance effort, that General Beauregard found it necessary to direct cover and concealment and to instruct that, wherever possible, deceptive expedients be employed to mislead the balloonists of the Federal Aeronaut Corps. It all came to an end in 1863 when Lowe resigned after the battle of Chancellorsville because of personality clashes, serious administrative problems and arguments over command responsibility. Some say that Lowe’s continued nattering for more money was the real cause. [Significantly, although aerial photography had been demonstrated successfully in 1860, it was never employed during the war by either side.] Mdim Scours Another noteworthy development in connection with military intelligence during the Civil War was the formal creation of Indian Scout units as part of the United States Army. Originally conceived in 1864 as the Pawnee Scouts for use in engagements against the Sioux, its use was expanded for reconnaissance to detect Confederate movements into Kansas. The original company of 100 men was soon expanded into a batallion of 200 men distributed for duty along the Union Pacific railway. The Pawnee Scouts were formally mustered from the service in 1877. The Feidaal Ingot Savice of FiorW In 1861, Henry S. Sanford, U.S. Minister to Belgium and a close friend of Secretary of State Seward, received a new task: “To counteract by all proper means the efforts of Confederate agents in Europe to gain recognition of the Confederate States.” Sanford, in charge of Federal espionage in Europe, quickly established a surveillance system under the operational control of U.S. consular agents and took other measures to frustrate Confederate efforts. An indication of the successes of the Sanford’s Federal Intelligence Service and some of

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its weaknesses are revealed in the justified complaints of James D. Bulloch, the Confederacy’s naval purchasing agent in Europe: “The extent to which the system of bribery and spying has been and continues to be practiced by agents of the United States in Europe is scarcely credible. The servants of gentlemen supposed to have Southern sympathies are tampered with, confidential clerks, and even messengers from telegraph offices, are bribed to betray their trust, and I have lately been informed that the British and French Post Offices, hitherto considered immaculate, are now scarcely safe modes of communication.” “The Consular agents of the United States had already begun to practice an inquisitive system of espionage, and it was soon manifest that the movements of those who were supposed to be agents of the Confederate Government were closely and vigilantly watched. Men known to be private detectives in the employ of the United States Consul were often seen prowling about the dockyards, and questioning the employees of Messrs. Laird and Miller in reference to the two vessels … I soon learned that a private detective named Maguire had taken an interest in my personal movements.” [Agent Matthew Maguire was, indeed, specifically detailed to keep track of Bulloch’s movements.] “The spies of the United States are numerous, active and unscrupulous. They invade the privacy of families, tamper with the confidential clerks or merchants, and have succeeded in converting a portion of the police of this country into secret agents of the United States, who have practiced a prying watchfulness over the movements and business of individuals, intolerably vexatious, which has excited the disgust and openly expressed indignation of many prominent Englishmen, and the frequent criticism of what portion of the British press which is really neutral. These practices, though wholly inconsistent with the spirit of justice and the fundamental principles of constitutional government are directly countenanced and encouraged by the present Ministry, and the rights of British subjects are violated, and their pecuniary interests damaged by the seizure of property in their hands upon the affidavits of persons who have already perjured themselves before her Majesty’s Courts.” “Mere suspicion is not, I regret to say, the basis of Mr. Dayton’s [Dayton was the U.S. Minister to France] protest [about French construction of ships of war for the Confederacy]. He has furnished the French Government with copies of certain letters alleged to have passed between the builders which go to show that the ships are for us. The confidential clerk who has had charge of the correspondence of M. Voruz, one of the parties to the contracts, has disappeared, and has unfortunately carried off some letters and papers relating to the business. M. Voruz has not yet discovered the full extent-to which he has been robbed, but is using every effort to trace the theft to its source, and to discover how far he can prove the complicity on the part of United States officials.” [The alleged complicity was never proved; I would suspect it is now safe to admit that the clerk was an Alsatian named Petermann, and that we paid him 15,000 francs for the stolen papers.] “Men who are employed as spies, or who are paid to give evidence in regard to matters upon which they can have no personal knowledge except what they may have acquired by

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dishonest and unworthy means are easily exposed in the witness box …The proceedings in the case of the Alexandra had exposed the extent and unscrupulous character of the system of espionage the United States officials had established in this country.” After the Alexandra case was heard in the British courts, despite Bulloch’s accurate assessment of the poor character of the Federal witnesses and the perjury of their testimony, he acknowledged to Richmond that it was obvious that no other ships could be sent out from the shipyards of England. Yet, Bulloch’s efforts were not totally frustrated by the Federal agents. The Atlanta, later renamed the C.C.S. Tallahassee and later the Chameleon, did not arouse the suspicions of the Federal agents, sailed from England unmolested, and captured 29 U.S. vessels. Another time, Bulloch learned that the British, on the basis of Federal affidavits, was preparing to seize the Enrica, Bulloch arranged a party on board and took guests on a trial run. After lunch the guests were put ashore, a crew boarded, and the ship put to sea. As the C.S.S. Alabama, it sank or took prizes of no less than 66 ships. All in all, 111 ships made the escape. Some were iron clads intended for combat, others were expendable blockade-runners. The most important success of the Federal agents was preventing the sailing of three rams, ostensibly being built in Britain for the Egyptian Government. James P. Baxter, in his Introduction of Iron Clad Warships: “If the rams had put to sea the South would probably have won its independence, and the North would almost certainly declared war on Britain.” Other Union operations in Europe ranged from covert action visits by influential persons designed to influence the political decisions of Britain and France, to the dispatch of bankers armed with a million dollars in bonds in an attempt to make preclusive purchase of war materiel destined for the Confederacy. Thurlow Weed, for example, persuaded Napoleon not to denounce the closure of Charleston harbor by reminding him of the French destruction of the harbor at Dunkirk. Others sent for similar purposes included Archbishop John Joseph Hughes, the founder of St. John’s College; Bishop Pettit Mcllvane, former chaplain of the U.S. Senate; and George Washington Schuyler, a prominent banker and merchant in New York. Similar agents were sent to Canada and the Mediterranean to thwart Confederate moves there. Perhaps the most colorful operation was the Federal move to recruit General Guiseppe Garibaldi, the greatest guerrilla fighter and symbol of national unification of the time; Garibaldi, liberator of the enslaved and oppressed. The plan was to offer Garibaldi the rank of Major General and convert him into a Civil War version of Lafayette. The plan had many purposes: first, Garibaldi was a competent officer and General Winfield Scott whom he was to replace was not; second, it was a clear-cut psychological warfare move to convince the world and the South, of the liberating nature of the Federal Army; and last, it would draw recruits to the Army from the masses of European emigres who had theretofore shown no motivation or interest in subscribing to the Union cause. The mission was so sensitive at the time that all reference to it was withheld from the Department of State volume, Diplomatic Correspondence of the War, published by Congress long after the event. Henry S. Sanford was given the assignment of persuading Garibaldi “to add the glory of aiding in the preservation of the American Union to the many honors which the General of Italy has already won in the cause of human Freedom.” Sanford was empowered to expend one thousand pounds sterling to pay the expenses of Garibaldi and his suite, and to expand the line of credit with European banking houses if additional funds were needed to sway the General. On September 7, 1861, Sanford, using an assumed name to enforce the secrecy of his

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mission, chartered a small steamer and sailed for the island of Caprera where Garibaldi lived in semi-retirement. Unfortunately, Garibaldi’s demands exceeded what Sanford had to offer. He asked that he be named Commander-in-Chief of the Union forces and be given the contingent power of declaring the abolition of slavery. To make matters worse, for political motives related to the situation in Italy, Garibaldi’s aides leaked the news of the American offer. As expected, the Italian press urged Garibaldi not to go to America, the European press both endorsed and ridiculed the idea, and in America the press seemed equally divided. A regiment of Americans of Italian descent, recruited in New York, marched off to do battle as the “Garibaldi Brigade.” A year later, the matter arose again, but this time supposedly not at the instruction of Lincoln or Seward. Theodore Canisius, the American consul at Vienna who had gained the post through subtle blackmail of Lincoln, wrote to Garibaldi, renewing the offer. Garibaldi recently wounded in an abortive march on Rome was in prison. His captors thought it a great way to get rid of the general without prejudice to the interests of Italy and a way to help the United States. Garibaldi got the message. He gave up on the demand to be Commander-in- Chief, but held firmly to the requirement that he be permitted to free the slaves. Canisius proudly leaked his role in the affair to the press. Seward fired him for leaking the operation, then reinstated Canisius at the request of the Italian cabinet. But, for Garibaldi it was all to late. Lincoln had issued his preliminary Emancipation proclamation, the war had moved past the point where an inspirational hero was important to victory. Union concerns were now focused on fixed battles, not guerilla warfare, and its current fears were of invasion by ironclad vessels being built for the Confederacy in England. When Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, Garibaldi wrote him a letter of congratulations. There is no indication that Lincoln ever replied.

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7 he C Obdante SYatas of America Not only the Government in Washington, but the whole world, was astounded that the new Confederacy could bring at once into the field a military force superior in numbers to the standing army of the United States. Both the North and the South were absurdly unprepared at the beginning of the war; Neither side had truly believed that sectional antagonisms would ever flare into armed conflict. The Confederate States never had secret-service type organizations as were developed by the Federal Government during the war, and yet it is probably true that in the matter of obtaining needed military information, the Confederacy was, as a whole, better served than was the North. Many of the functions of the Federal services were unnecessary in the South. It was practically free of the problem facing the North in regard to the loyalty of its populace, and the full weight of its intelligence resources could be applied to the field and in the North, rather than maintaining a quasi-police state at home. The key intelligence figure in Richmond appears to have been General John Winder, son of the defender of Washington in the War of 1812 who had been dismissed because he retreated. General Winder, who served as Provost Marshal and acted directly under the Secretary of War, personally conducted a large-scale espionage and counterespionage system that fanned out from the Southern capital. Key to this operation was Colonel (later Brigadier General) Thomas Jordan, adjutant general of the Confederate forces under General Beauregard, who made arrangements with several Southern sympathizers at Washington for the transmission of war intelligence which in almost every instance proved to be extremely accurate. Just as Confederate spies had operated almost with impunity in wartime Washington, their colleagues were numerous and active in the various combat theaters throughout the war. General Robert E. Lee and his principal subordinate commanders all possessed extensive intelligence organizations–with J.E.B. Stuart said to have assembled a network that provided precise information of Federal strength and intentions. But they had no equal to the Sharpe organization in the North for the centralization and coordination of the intelligence product emerged throughout the conflict. Whereas the North initially was sorely deficient in cavalry, the South hit the ground riding. Fast moving reconnaissance units helped make up for the Confederacy’s shortages of arms, ammunition and supplies. A tribute to this military organization structure is the fact that the Confederate Army was never surprised in an important engagement of the war. The Signal Corps of the Confederate Army also played an important part in the espionage field, and even organized a “secret service branch” which established a line of agents from the Potomac to Washington during the fall of 1862 to help other agents enter and leave the United States, and to convey all manner of letters, documents and newspapers from the North to Richmond. Elaborate intelligence nets were devised to assure rapid delivery of Union papers to the capital of the Confederacy; the South had been quick to learn they were one of the best sources of information on the location, strength and disposition of the enemy’s forces. [President Davis is said to have received the Baltimore papers only a day late, and the New York papers the following day.] Those papers also served as a convenient vehicle for open-coded messages fr om its agents in the North. The Union’s weakness resulting from freedom of the press was not remedied until near the end of the war when effective censorship was imposed and the more irresponsible journalists curbed. The South eventually felt the need for a dedicated secret service bureau, forming one in Richmond in November 1864 when the war was almost over. Little is known of its activities;

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Judah Benjamin, Secretary of the Treasury, burned all the intelligence records before the collapse of Richmond’s defenses. About the only evidence of the shadow war, found serving as a paperweight on Jefferson Davis’ desk, was a lump of what appeared to be coal but in reality was a disguised explosive the Confederates had found effective in sabotaging trains and the boilers of ships. Throughout the war, the Confederacy had to depend on secret negotiations for recognition and the discreet purchase of the needs of war from Europe and from suppliers in Northern cities. As defeat drew near, for example, emissaries were sent to the Emperor Maximillian in Mexico with the proposal to form a confederacy of Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi and Arkansas which would be allowed to absorb much adjacent Mexican territory. Maximillian is reported to have listened favorably to the scheme, but the operation came to an abrupt end with Lee’s surrender. In France, agents of the Confederacy were afforded the full, but secret, support of Napoleon’s government, partly because of the Maximillian concept, but U.S. protests soon reversed the picture and France assumed a strict neutrality. [Later, we will learn of the activities of an unlikely agent in intimating to Napolean that the French troops in Mexico must be removed.] In Britain, popular support was for the Confederacy, and until American diplomatic representatives reminded Britain of the importance of wheat over cotton and threatened war, that country was a supply source for all that was needed by the South and provided a ready market for its cotton and cotton bills. In 1864, the Confederates attempted to persuade Pope Pius IX to exert his influence in stemming the flood of Irish Catholics being recruited in Ireland for service in the Federal Army. [Thousands were recruited by Federal agents in Ireland with the inducement of bonuses, others were recruited at the gang-plank as they first set foot in America. Immigrant recruiting was such that it was not unexpected when the Confederates captured entire units, none of the men of which could speak English.] But, it is another type of operation that distinguishes the Confederate services from those of the North. It falls into the category known in World War II as “morale operations.” Most were directed from Canada by Jacob Thompson, the former U.S. Secretary of Interior who served in the Confederate Army until 1863, then received the special missions assignment from President Jefferson Davis. His operations were to be funded by hundreds of thousands, and perhaps millions, of dollars from the sale of contraband cotton. In addition, when the Confederacy voted a five million dollar secret service fund in 1864, one million was allocated for the Canada-based operation. As the operation progressed additional funding was obtained by force from Northern banks, trains, express company safes and Federal Army payrolls. New York was a peculiar city during the war. Many of its merchants haft strong commercial ties to the South. Even the goods that clothed and restrained slaves had been shipped by businessmen in New York and its trade rivals, Boston and Philadelphia. The city’s banks held the South in mortgage, and had everything to lose if the Confederacy failed. In effect, it was a corrupt and cynical city, most of whose people didn’t care who won the war as long as they profited by it. In January 1861, for example, the mayor proposed that New York and Long Island secede from the Union and become a free port to trade with both sides. In 1863, Manhattan Island had a population of 813,669, of which more than 200,000 were Irish who had flocked to the city after the Potato Famine of 1848. As recent arrivals, these half-starved and desperate people had to contend with Negroes for the bottom jobs. Add to this smouldering cauldron Lincoln’s Draft bill of March 3, 1863, and some Confederate agents. There had been a brief outburst on April 13th when Irish workingmen attacked Negroes who were their rivals for jobs. Then what have become known as the “draft riots”

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Approved For Release 2010/07/01: CIA-RDP91-00587R000201000006-5 began, reaching epidemic proportions before spreading to Brooklyn, Jamaica, Staten Island, Jersey City, Newark, and then on to Troy, Boston and Portsmouth, New Hampshire. In New York, the mob brought terror to blacks, seized weapons and brought the conflict to a full- scale insurrection in which at least 1200 persons, and probably many more, died. In the wake of the riots several suspicious characters were determined to have been inciting the mobs. One, a young man who had been impaled on a fence, then carried away by the mob and never identified, was noted to have worn fine clothing underneath his rough workman’s garb. Another, John U. Andrews, a Virginian complete with a Southern accent, was arrested for incitement. He was sent to Fort Lafayette in New York Harbor, where he vanishes from history. One document indicates that he had been sent to Fort Warren in Boston Harbor, but that the U.S. Marshal in New York had asked that he be returned to New York for trial to silence rumors Andrews was a Federal Government agent provocateur as alleged in the Democratic press. Andrews was never heard from again. Another inciter, a New York dentist named Nelson Edwards was identified by five witnesses as exhorting the mobs to violence on several occasions, but there is no record of his ever being brought to trial. Another plot, to upset the gold market in the North, was ordered by Judah P. Benjamin. The plan was to get people in the North to convert their paper money into gold and then withdraw it from the market. A Confederate agent armed with $100,000 entered New York and began a cycle of purchasing gold, exporting it and then selling it for sterling bills of exchange and then converting the sterling for more gold. The operation resulted in the export of over two million dollars in gold at the expense to the Confederacy of less than $10,000. Confederate funds were also used to subvert certain Northern newspapers, notably the New York Daily News, whose editor offered to influence public opinion in favor the the Confederacy for $25,000. A much larger sum, $50,000 in gold, was spent in Illinois in an unsuccessful effort to elect James C. Robinson, the Peace Democrats’ candidate for governor in 1864. Robinson had promised that if elected he would place control of the militia and 60,000 stand of arms at the disposal of the Sons of Liberty. From France, the U.S. Consul reported that a man carrying fifteen million dollars in counterfeit U.S. currency was being sent to New York to bribe three hundred influential men and ward heelers to buy votes there. Twenty-one men, supplied with $110,000 in gold were sent to Canada in 1863. They planned to embark on one of the many lake passenger ships, overpower her officers and use the captured ship to take the U.S.S. Michigan, the only Federal gunboat on the lakes, then use the Michigan to free Confederate prisoners on Johnson’s Island near Sandusky, Ohio. An informer told the Canadian Government what was in contemplation, the information was relayed to Washington, and all the Lake cities put on guard. The plot had to be abandoned just as it was to be put into effect. In 1864, the plan was attempted again. A team boarded one of the lake ships, seized it, then captured another passenger steamer. They put the passengers ashore and headed for Johnson’s Island. The Michigan was posed as if for combat and the signal rockets which were to be fired from shore did not appear [the Confederate agent who was to have fired the rockets was already under arrest]. It was evident something had gone wrong [a Federal Detective posing as a former Confedrate officer had been been put in charge of a hotel in Windsor in which sixty Confederate expatriates resided; his reports of their daily conversations resulted in a detailed warning to Federal officials]. The team sailed the ship for the Canadian shore and burned it. In 1864, a team of agents launched a plan to burn New York in retaliation for the burning of Atlanta. Although Federal agents had been alerted by an informer, they failed to intercept the arsonists. After setting fires in hotels, a theater, Barnum’s and some river barges, the men left New York by sleeping car for Toronto. None were apprehended at the time, although later one was captured enroute to Richmond from Canada–and hanged–and another was

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captured trying to wreck a train at Buffalo–and also was hanged. Early in the war a band of Confederates boarded a steamer at Baltimore, with their leader in the guise of a heavily-veiled ailing French woman, and a milliner’s trunk loaded with weapons. They captured it, and sailed her out into the Chesapeake where they took two Northern vessels as prizes of war, then ran the ship up the Rappahannock and were rewarded with $45,000 for the ship. The mission was successful, but on the return journey the men were recognized by a passenger of the target vessel and captured. Another band of Confederates, disguised as wood-choppers, captured another Baltimore steamer, put the passengers ashore and ran the ship down the Chesapeake. On hearing the war had ended, they stripped and burned it. One plan, executed in 1864, was to sabotage Union supplies in the Midwest. Greek fire was used to destroy Federal stores at Louisville, Mattoon and St. Louis. Yet another plan to grab a ship involved a team that boarded a US. merchant ship in the port of Panama disguised as passengers. Their attempt was foiled, and they were sentenced to be hanged. On review, the question of the laws of war were discussed at length, and the sentences modified to life imprisonment or less. One of the most daring raids made by the Confederates was the invasion of Vermont from Canada in October 1864. The men raided St. Albans, Vermont, robbed the bank and hot-footed it back to Canada where authorities refused extradition requests, tried them and let them go free because popular sentiment in Canada was strongly in favor of the raiders. Another plan was to have the Confederate raider Tallahassee run into New York Harbor, set fire to shipping there, bombard the Brooklyn Navy Yard and then dash up the river to Long Island Sound. The plan never came off, and it was not until records of a secret Federal inquiry were released some eighty years later that the full extent of the mission was disclosed. The Tallahassee raid was actually to be part of an even larger scheme. During the summer of 1864, a number of Confederate topographers had been sent to the Maine Coast to pose as artists while they mapped isolated bays and harbors. Troops were to be brought to Maine by blockade runners, there to be joined by more Confederate troops from Canada Before the plan could be executed, three of the men connected with it were captured trying to hold up a bank. One of them made a complete confession, ending Confederate aspirations of seizing Maine. Another plan to free the prisoners on Johnson’s Island near Sandusky was to be launched from Canada Provided with $25,000 in gold and a cargo of cotton, the.expedition landed at Halifax, sold the cargo for $76,000, then dispersed. They arrived individually at Montreal, took separate lodging and refrained from recognizing each other on the streets. There they purchased a nine-pounder cannon and one hundred Colt revolvers and ammunition. To avoid suspicion they purchased dumbbells to substitute for cannon balls and butcher knives to be used as cutlasses. The plan was to ship the arms to St. Catherine’s in boxes labeled as machinery destined for Chicago. There the arms and the raiders, disguised as mechanics and laborers in search of employment at the Chicago water works, would go aboard a lake vessel which would be captured once it left port. The cannon would be mounted and the vessel headed for Johnson’s Island. There, as if by accident, the vessel would collide with the Federal gunboat Michigan. The raiders would board the gunboat and take possession of her. In the midst of the excitement then spreading throughout the Northern frontier, a Confederate sympathizer in Montreal panicked and revealed the plans to the Canadian government. As Canadian officials descended on St. Catherine’s, the team made its escape, leaving the boxes

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of “machinery” to be seized by officers of the Crown. Yet, I have saved the most overwhelming operation for last–the so-called Northwest Conspiracy. The South was aware that the midwestern states, including Lincoln’s home state of Illinois, were not in sympathy with the war. Most of their lucrative trade with the South had been destroyed when the Federal Navy closed the Mississippi River. Word was received in Richmond of an impending revolt in Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin, Michigan, Iowa and Ohio which would result in the secession of those states to form a new, independent government. Soon word was received from one of Morgan’s secret agents of “a perfect organization all over the North for the purpose of revolution,” and contact was made with a delegation from the secret society, which claimed 490,000 members who were prepared support a “northwestern republic.” It was a move born of frustration. The South had been hoping for a negotiated peace, and Thompson had met with an emissary of Secretary of War Stanton. Stanton fearing Lincoln would be defeated by the Peace Democrats in his bid for reelection, had believed that the President’s only chance to stave off defeat was to open negotiations with the Confederate Government. The emissary told Thompson that Stanton would make the Southern States secure in their rights if this could be done without the “ultimatim of separation.” But, unfortunately, the story of the emissary’s meetings with Thompson leaked to the press, Stanton was forced to deny any role in the overtures and the negotiations were discontinued. By then, Stanton’s fear of a Lincoln defeat also had diminished; the mood in the North was changing quickly as the 1864 elections drew near. The Peace Democrats were losing ground rapidly, and it now appeared that Lincoln would win at the polls. As one Confederate noted at the time: “The temper of the Northern public mind seems to me to be as unstable, unregulated and wild as that of any savage race. It is gov;rned by hope or fear, or some other selfish passion and not by reason or virtue. They will fight us until we are destroyed or they are exhausted . . Other peace efforts involving Horace Greeley, editor and publisher of the New York Tribune, as an intermediary also had met with failure because Greeley, in his enthusiasm for ending the war, had not been entirely honest with either the Confederates or President Lincoln in conveying the terms of each. Other intelligence indicated nothing could be accomplished toward a negotiated peace because immense profits were being derived by influential figures in the North who stood to gain even more from a continuance of the conflict. The Confederacy agreed to fund the secret society. The group called itself the Secret Order of the Sons of Liberty. Clement Vallandigham, an Ohio congressman who had been banished to the Confederacy for interfering with the draft and his speeches in opposition to the war, was then in Canada and had been elected the Order’s “Supreme Commander.” Confederate agents handling the operation soon confirmed the group had more than two hundred thousand members set up along military lines, divisions, brigades, regiments and companies, commanded by a system of officers, and expanding daily. The Confederate plan was, at the time of the uprising, to have two regiments march on Camp Douglas, near Chicago, to free Confederate prisoners there. Then the combined force would march on Rock Island to free the 7,000 prisoners there.

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The uprising was timed for June 15th with the return of Vallandigham to Ohio for the Democratic District Convention. It was presumed that Vallandigham would be arrested by Federal agents, igniting the spark of insurrection. The Federals unwittingly foiled the effort; Only one Union agent, pretending to be a reporter for the Chicago Tribune, was sent to make the arrest. When he saw men putting their revolvers in order and surmised that hundreds of others might be armed, he left the convention without making the arrest. The detective appealed to the Governor of Ohio to authorize and support an arrest, but the Governor refused, saying he would not do it unless instructed from Washington. The next trigger for the uprising was to be the Democratic National Convention, to be held in Chicago July 4th. It was anticipated that Abolitionists would attack the hall and set it afire. The riot that would certainly follow would be expanded and the cherished revolution would be underway. Then, for unrelated reasons, the Convention was postponed to August 29th. Impatient with the delay, the council of leading members of the Order resolved that the uprising should take place on July 20th. The Governor of Illinois would be taken prisoner and another installed in his place. Members of the organization would seize Indianapolis and free the Confederate prisoners there. It was even conjectured that Quantrill might take command of the thousands of Confederate soldiers and lead them on a victorious invasion of the North. In the meantime, arms had been purchased in New York and shipped to the midwest in small lots, to be concealed in the homes of members of the secret order. One man in southern Indiana, for example, had a large stock of small arms, hand grenades, and two pieces of artillery in his basement, which also included a laboratory for the manufacture of “Greek Fire” incendiary devices. The editor of the New York Daily News advised that if the storm burst in the West, $20,000 could produce a diversionary riot in New York. His fellow conspirators, the former mayor of New York and the editors of the Freeman’ Journal and the Day Boob were prepared to incite the seizure of the sub-Treasury, the arsenals and other Federal properties in New York and the freeing of Confederate prisoners held at Ft. Lafayette. The Governor of New York had given assurance that he would remain neutral in the matter and would refrain from calling out the National Guard. Others agreed to foment other diversionary operations, including the burning of Cincinnati and starting a “rumpus” in Boston. Just about then, Judge Joshua Bullitt, Grand Commander of the Order in Kentucky, was arrested based on information provided the Federal government by the Grand Secretary of his state organization, Felix Stidger. Stidger, in reality a secret Federal agent, with Bullitt out of the way, succeeded as Grand Commander for Kentucky. Two days later Federal agents raided the offices of Congressman Daniel Vorhees in Terre Haute, Indiana, seizing membership lists, names of officers and other secrets of the order. [Despite this, Vortices, who had defended one of John Brown’s associates in the raid on Harper’s Ferry, continued to serve in the House, and then was elected to the Senate.] It was evident the plotters would have to move fast before higher officials of the secret order could be arrested. Members of the group took to drilling in the open in many counties in Indiana, creating a panic as farmers rushed their crops to market in expectation of hostilities. U.S. marshals arrested the Grand Commander for Indiana. A raid on an Indianapolis printing plant uncovered four hundred revolvers and 35,000 rounds of ammunition, recently arrived from New York in boxes marked “Sunday School Books.” The Confederacy gave another $25,000 to provide travel, expenses to get men to Chicago

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for the big day. Seventy Confederate soldiers armed with revolvers arrived from Canada and took up lodging throughout the city. Then more bad news. Alerted, the Federals had posted a regiment of troops at Camp Douglas with several pieces of artillery made ready to fire on the prisoners-of-war if a rescue was attempted. On the night of the 28th, the Confederate agents held a final strategy meeting, only to learn that the members of the Order were scattered all over the city and that there was no plan by the Order’s leadership to converge them for action. A Confederate call for an armed attack of 5,000 men on Camp Douglas was met with excuses by the group’s commanders. A similar proposal for a small operation to free the 7,000 prisoners was met with a counter- proposal by the Order’s commanders that the operation be put off until the Presidential election in November. The Confederates had no choice but to agree, and to postpone the subsidized riot in New York. To make things worse, the Democratic candidate, General McClellan, reversed himself and denounced the Party’s peace platform on which the Confederate agents had expended much effort and funds. [Atlanta had just been captured and McClellan followed public opinion in its wake.] The Peace Democrats pronounced that “the wolf had rejected the skin of the lamb in turning his back on the Party platform.” On the other hand, Lincoln had suggested to the Peace Democrats that he would “go as far as any man in America to restore peace on the basis of the Union” and that “slavery would not stand in the way of peace.” The Peace Democrats recognized that it would be far better for Lincoln to win the election, and much of the fire went out of their support for foment should Lincoln be elected. Colonel Benjamin J. Sweet, commander of the Federal prison camp, warned of a probable uprising and the liklihood of an attempt to release his prisoners, arranged for the “escape” of Lieutenant John J. Shanks, a Confederate turn-coat. Shanks headed for Confederate gathering places and in a ruse that he desired to join in the rebellion, gained full details of the election day plans. Two days before the Presidential Election, Federal detectives, guards from the camp and local police arrested 106 persons, practically all the top Confederate agents working in Chicago and seized large stores of weapons and ammunition hidden by the agents to arm the order’s members. Eventually the Confederates gave up on exploiting the copperhead organizations, as one Confederate officer said later, because they were “as harmless as an association of children.” In New York, plans for the Confederate-financed insurrection had also gone awry. Richard Montgomery a con-man and double agent [he was the Confederate courier mentioned earlier in regard to Lincoln’s decision about the incriminating correspondence from Canada] alerted authorities of what was planned for election day. General Benjamin F. Butler and 10,000 troops marched into the city. The plotters agreed that no revolution was possible as long as “Beast” Butler’s troops controlled the city. In a report of the matter to Judah Benjamin in Richmond, Thompson attributed the failure to the “vigilance of the Administration, the large bounties paid for treachery and the respectable men who have yielded to that temptation, added to the large military forces stationed in those states which make organization and preparation almost an impossibility.” Although he acknowledged the aborted operation had cost him $300,000, there was a bright side: “The apprehension of the enemy caused him to bring back and keep from the field at the front some 60,000 to watch and browbeat the people at home. The same money has effected so much in no other quarter since the commencement of the war.” Thompson left Canada and went home as the South crumbled for lack of food and ammunition.

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General CIA Records
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST):
Release Decision:RIFPUB
Original Classification:K
Document Page Count:17
Document Creation Date:December 22, 2016
Document Release Date:July 1, 2010
Sequence Number:6
Case Number:
Content Type:OPEN SOURCE

Go Nuts in the CIA Historical Files:


Produced by Jim Kirk-Wiggins, April 8, 2018

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Printed Government Content Type:OPEN SOURCE per CIA/FOIA reading room




Just as Freedom of the Press has been relegated to the Oligarchs, Freedom of Internet Speech is going to media Oligarchs.


Richie Havens Freedom (Woodstock 69)

As in the previous article in this series, the 1996 Telecommunications Act had much impact on the internet. The loftly stated intentions of growth, and freedom accomplished the opposite. Plus Net Neutrality took a bullet to the head.

Addressing the Internet, and particularly Social Media, it was a disaster. The below video on this topic was by John Perry Barlow. (Deceased)

However the other and most pressing danger to a Free Internet, particularly Social Media is what has been called Net Neutrality or it’s demise. In additions with Media Oligopoly, consolidation of the media into one biased, uninformed voice, it threatens Free Speech. The Free Speech on various social media, blogs, and 4th estate press outlets.

We the people fighting the loss of the true Freedom of the Press, through blogs like this, are becoming a victim of subtle censorship without Net Neutrality. Google, Twitter, Facebook, WordPress and others can manipulate our content. They can slow it’s publication, alter it, censor it, and ignore it.

In December 2017, the FCC Chairman Ajit Pai’s recinded the previous FCC rulings in 2015 on Net Neutrality, calling it restoring freedom of the Internet. The 2015 FCC ruling through previous heavy lobbying, may have itself been a smoke screen. The freedom it restored was to Social Media Giants, who are the peoples communications lines. Just as Freedom of the Press has been relegated to the Oligarchs, Freedom of Internet Speech is going to media Oligarchs. If there was a caution light only by the 2015 ruling, the FCC Chairman has now given the green light. They are already abusing this in other ways, as recent headlines concerning Facebooks use of your personal information, and the security of it.

Concrete Examples of Google, Facebook and Twitter Violating ‘Net Neutrality’ via @BreitbartNews

Congress has made a big show of this since the FCC December ruling, and yesterday, (April 10), hit Facebooks CEO with a limp wrist all day long. Well, he did wear a suit, and not his phony, “I’m one of you”, blue jeans and T-Shirt outfits.

The internet without Net Neutrality isn’t really the internet. (Article link to They is no connection in any manner to this publication;

However as Bretbart News stated in the first referenced article, Net Neutrality needs a new definition to include Google, Twitter, Facebook and others. It’s not just the December 2017 FCC, but Obama’s FCC that failed to defend or enact true Net Neutrality.




by James Kirk-Wiggins, April 11, 2018

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One Free Press    State of the Nation    Equinox       Peace Possible

One Free Press Image: by John Flannery: Freedom of the Press  cc by

Featured Article Image: by moonjazz  : America the Beautiful, Teton National Park, Wyoming    PDM

Featured Song:  Richie Havens Freedom (Woodstock 69)

Artist: Richie Havens

Duration: 05:11

Bitrate: 320 kbit/secRICHIE HAVENS FREEDOM

Size: 11.89 MB

File type: mp3


Repeal the 1996 telecommunications act, signed by Bill Clinton, and lobbied heavily in Congress


Richie Havens Freedom (Woodstock 69)

FREEDOM OF THE PRESS: Repeal the 1996 telecommunications act, signed by Bill Clinton, and lobbied heavily in Congress. which gave the press (media) exclusion from  consolodation and monopolization. Termed Media Oligopoly.

It not only allowed monopolization of Cable, Internet, and other Information services, but also monopolization Cable Service Providers, but monopolization in radio broadcasting.

The law was written in such a way to provide for “decency” in programming, that the Supreme Court ruled this section unconstitutional. Thus removing decent programming standards from Television, Cable, and the Internet.

The law in essense gave media free reign in consolidation and programming. Leading to media ownership from 50 to 5. The consolidation of Radio stations to 80% ownership by one corporation. The consolidation of Cell phone carriers from the three major corporations at the time to one Cell phone carrier.

         The Telecommunications Act of 1996…enabled the handful of corporations dominating the airwaves to expand their power further. Mergers enabled tighter control of information…The Latin American writer Eduardo Galeano commented…”Never have so many been held incommunicado by so few.” (Wikopedia, Telecommunications Act)  

by James Kirk-Wiggins, April 11, 2018

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One Free Press    State of the Nation    Equinox       Peace Possible

One Free Press Image: by John Flannery: Freedom of the Press  cc by


Featured Article Image: by moonjazz  : America the Beautiful, Teton National Park, Wyoming    PDM

Featured Song:  Richie Havens Freedom (Woodstock 69)

Artist: Richie Havens
Duration: 05:11
Bitrate: 320 kbit/secRICHIE HAVENS FREEDOM
Size: 11.89 MB
File type: mp3

America’s Foundation

America’s Foundation

Justice is often issued by the hand who holds the whip. In the US, Justice is not a hand, lest you believe the hand of God guided the writers of our Constitution and guided its birth and growth to lead our nation to the potential it demonstrates.

I say potential, only because greed for power and money over shadow this moment. But I have faith, that the same providence that led us out of serfdom of a forgotten King, will deliver us from the present internal kings, of a kingdom that will disappear with but a spark.

And externally from nations or people who rely on a man, a mans religious interpretation, a mans expressed values or morality; these are as a vapor, a building lacking foundation, a chair with a weak leg.

Men and men’s mind, given the freedom, will seek more land than he can walk, more followers than he can feed, and will end with an enemy foot on his neck. Such is the mind of man without vigilant restraint from the governed, and a solid foundation to guide both the governor and the governed.

That foundation must be preserved, by a multiplicity of means. One is a Free Press, another is restraint of the economic infringement into its government, through manipulation and corruption.

These are our current holders of our chains; Monopoly, Oligarchy, media Oligopoly, and Congressional slavery to campaign finance. When Americans awake, their chains will fall behind them.

Externally, nations can join our vision of liberty, equality, and faith or perish by their foolish leaders, whom are but charismatic phantoms.

Jim Kirk-Wiggins, April 11, 2018.


A dedicated parcel delivery service should be competitive with the likes of UPS and US Express, with a true cost pricing structure. Or ( Privitize




The US Government has suddenly become critical of Amazon Corp. “They pay no state taxes, hurting the USPS bottom lines, their deliveries by USPS use State roads, therefore should pay state taxes, they harm the competibility of local businesses.

All true, somewhat. But let’s “level the playing field.”

The USPS, (US POSTAL SERVICE), thas been continuing to lose it’s largest source of income, the letter. When is the last time you walked to your mailbox and put a letter in it? Do you even have stamps and envelopes?


With email, Skype, Duo, Social media, bill pay online, why stamp and mail anything?


Is Amazon causing the postal service to lose money? The USPS is required by law to not charge less than cost for delivery of parcels. But they do. Do they include overhead, infrastructure, management initiatives, and rising labor cost as every other well managed corporation does? Since it’s their greatest area of growth, then why are they losing money here?


Revenue from First-Class Mail and Marketing Mail decreased $309 million and $248 million, respectively, due largely to lower volumes. Revenue from the Shipping and Packages business increased $505 million, or 9.3 percent, during the quarter. (USPS)

So is Amazon to blame? Amazon uses the USPS for less than 50% of it’s shipping. The postal service’s failure to anticipate and take advantage of their changing business model is the same reason many business’ fail. Restructure your parcel delivery service, reprice, seperate it from personal and marketing letter carriers. Cut waste. Cut waste. A dedicated parcel delivery service should be competitive with the likes of UPS and US Express, with a true cost pricing structure. Or  ( Privitize by The Hill).

E-Commerce is on a roll, not just your local megastores but non-stores:



From: Kantar Retail



Do they pay State taxes, harm the USPS profits, yada, yada, yada.

Craftsmen, Vegetable stands, Street Vendors, Vendor carts, Store fronts, Shopping Centers, Super Malls, Mailorder catelogs, Department Stores, SuperStores, e-commerse, SuperE-Commerce. Evolution is a bitch for the past species.


Where do you want to shop:

ralph repo Toy Vendor
Toronto History Kensington Market
Ikhlasul Amal Street Shoes Store
Martin R woolworths
Public Market: Brian Glanz
Woolworths Tommyis18 S


Woolworths BC: Rob



springwools online shopping


Headline Featured Image:Marcelo Braga by Obrigado, correios


by James Kirk-Wiggins, April 4, 2018

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Peace Possible   One Free Press        Equinox        State of the Nation