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SPIES, LIES, AND TYRANNY, THE CIVIL WAR FILES

intelligence gathering, prisoner ‘questioning’, treason both foreign and domestic and all the dirty, illegal, immoral stuff parts of the US government haS committed

 Black Ops, Tyranical Secret police, Spies, Treasons, Missing persons, and establishing a Federal Income Tax; During The War Between The States.

 

The Following 17 pages of Freedom of Information Act released; previously non-public government documents are on the Civil War. Primarily my impression is it centers on intelligence gathering, prisoner ‘questioning’, treason both foreign and domestic and all the dirty, illegal, immoral stuff parts of the US government had committed; that has happened in the closing of the 20th century and into the 21st century. “There is nothing new under the sun.” I see several movies here…but why did they wait until 2010 to release document from 1860-1864? Embarassing and revealing, and history has never been more interesting. Enjoy. I’ll dig through the infested web of government documents and…..  I will provide more secrets for you.

I feel I must say this in defense of Abraham Lincoln. (besides a reference a person received an appointment by blackmailing Lincoln) I find that Lincoln was an honerable, and conscienscious man. Beginning his Presidency with our Republic being split apart, on the brink of war, and surrounded by Southern sympatheisers everywhere. Our Europeon allies were almost all directly supplying cash and weapons to the South, buying King Cotton. But his heart, I believe so far, was true to America and ending slavery. It also shows it’s not how rough your Presidency starts but how it ends. He did give his Second inaugural address only 4 days before his death though. Yet he kept America united, ended slavery, and was successful at defeating a viril and powerful enemy, moreso than you have been led to believe.

I suggest you read Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Speech. I came away from it with a greater understanding of Mr. Lincoln and great respect.

Printed Government Content Type: OPEN SOURCE  CIA/FOIA reading room document heading. Refer end of content.


FOURTH SESSION: THE CIVIL WAR

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FOURTH SESSION

Abraham Lincoln was elected President of the United States on November 6, 1860. Six weeks later, South Carolina seceded from the Union. Four more states seceded in January 1861. By the time Lincoln was inaugurated, March 4, 1861, six states had withdrawn from the Union, formed the Confederate States of America and inaugurated as its president a former Secretary of War and, until his resignation, a member of the U.S. Senate–Jefferson Davis. Lincoln had been in the White House only a week when the Confederate States of America adopted its Constitution. A month later, Confederate troops under General Beauregard captured Fort Sumter at Charleston, South Carolina. President Lincoln declared the existence of an insurrection, issued a call for troops and ordered a blockade of southern ports. In the wake of Lincoln’s reaction, four more states, for a total of ten, joined the secession. The first federal income tax law was passed by Congress and the president was authorized to strengthen the army with volunteers. With these moves, political, financial, commercial and domestic bonds which for seventy years had joined the North and South were ripped asunder. In Washington, every department of government fell into disorganization as employees resigned to join the southern movement. Members of both houses, cabinet officers and judges volunteered their services to the new nation. U.S. Ministers and Consuls abroad resigned their posts and hurried home to support the Confederate cause. The division of the nation was not along geographic lines. There were thousands in the north who believed sincerely in the justice of the southern cause. There were also northern businessmen with established ties to commerce below the Mason-Dixon line who would continue to supply the south with the money, materials of war and supplies it would need to sustain itself. Lincoln, new to the Presidency had another problem. As an author would note in 1862: “The diplomatic corps abroad and the incumbents of office at the North were most of them inclined to thwart the action of the new administration, and in their train was a large number of active men on whom the government could not depend . . . The new administration found itself completely in the power of the secession party, and all its secrets, from the cabinet debates to the details of orders, were known in the South. The business of the departments, the judiciary, the army and navy, and the offices were filled with persons who were eagerly watching to catch up and transmit every item of information that might aid the Confederacy, or thwart the government.” Congress had not anticipated the emergency and made no provision for it. President Lincoln, exercising his Constitutional powers to suppress insurrection, acted quickly. All communications between the North and South were watched carefully. Records of all telegraph messages with the South for the preceding year were seized for intelligence exploitation. Postal regulations were changed to permit examination of the mails. Police chiefs in northern cities were requested to trail and arrest suspected persons. Newspapers printing editorials construed as containing sentiments disloyal to the Union were suppressed. The writ of habeas corpus was suspended in many places, and all persons believed to be aiding the South in any way were arrested by special civil and military agents and placed in military custody. The police commissioners of Baltimore were arrested, as was a portion of the Maryland legislature. Soon the prisons were overflowing with prisoners of state and distracted

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wardens complained that they had no room for more. In 1862, President Lincoln was anxious to return to a more normal course of administration and issued an order for the release on parole of all political and state prisoners, except those detained as spies or otherwise inimical to public safety. From that time, important arrests were made only under the direction of the military authorities. The organization for wartime security and intelligence was not complex. Each military department commander devised projects, assigned missions, and appointed their own chief detective to recruit soldiers and civilians for espionage and investigation. Some department commanders directed intelligence personally, others delegated to their provost marshal, their signal officer, their chief of staff, etc. In addition, the War Department employed special agents reporting directly to the Secretary. From the beginning, Washington, D.C. was one of the centers of intense Federal investigative activity. The city was filled with persons suspected of supplying information to the Confederates; fatal secrets dropped at parties were sent, as were maps and plans from Federal offices. The only regular troops near the capital were three or four hundred marines at the Marine Barracks and perhaps a hundred enlisted men of ordnance at the Washington Arsenal. The only armed volunteer organizations consisted of two companies of riflemen, a skeleton infantry battalion of 160 men and a small National Guard unit. The units were mobilizing and new ones were being formed. One, the National Rifles had over one hundred men and was adding to its rolls daily. It had a full supply of rifles, two mountain howitzers, sabers, revolvers and ammunition, and was drilling every night. A Federal detective who had penetrated the unit reported that the commanding officer was encouraging his men to take the weapons and ammunition home for the day it would be mobilized for a single mission, the seizure of the U.S. Treasury Department. Another group, the National Volunteers was found to be discussing openly the seizure of the Federal capital. Both units were neutralized and broken up. PtnkerWnOngon m”L In April 1861, Major General George B. McClellan, the vice president of the Illinois Central Railroad, was appointed to head the Ohio Militia. Named to head his intelligence office in Cincinnati was Major E. J. Allen, the nom de guerre of Allan Pinkerton, a Chicago- based private detective who had conducted confidential investigations for McClellan in the past and who had, until recently, been working as a government detective in Washington. [Some years would elapse before EJ. Allen’s true identity as Pinkerton would be revealed.] After the Confederate victory at Bull Run, McClellan was promoted to command the Union Forces, and Pinkerton accompanied him to Washington, tasked with both espionage and counterespionage. He conducted a full-fledged secret service activity in the Army of the Potomac’s field of operations and his performance in counterintelligence appears to have been very effective. In fact, Pinkerton provided the principal detective force in Washington from the summer of 1861 through 1862. Pinkerton maintained daily contact with and made reports to the President, the Secretary of War, the Provost Marshal General and the general- in-chief of the armies. He found his staff insufficient for the job at hand and one of his greatest problems was the recruitment of new agents. Pinkerton’s field intelligence efforts have been given high marks, but his analytical method evidences consistent overestimation of enemy strength and capability which fed McClellan’s penchant for cautiousness and inaction. In November 1862, after Antietam, McClellan was relieved of command and Major General Ambrose Burnside was appointed to command the Army of the Potomac. Pinkerton was indignant at the treatment of McClellan, and left Washington with him, to spend the remainder of the war investigating fraud and war claims against the government. Eleven

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members of the Pinkerton organization continued in operation in Washington for a while, but dwindled thereafter. Following the war, Pinkerton was not spared the views of detractors. Ward H. Lamon, a friend of Lincoln, alleged that the Baltimore assassination plot supposedly foiled by Pinkerton in 1861 was a fiction invented by Pinkerton to further his ambitions. Another was that Pinkerton had contacted an agent in Richmond through couriers known to the South, resulting in the agent’s execution. Baker O mhaq The Federal Government was, in the beginning, lacking any organized secret services. The Department of State, the Department of War and the Department of the Navy each attempted to deal with the loyalty issue, but the greater share of the effort fell to the Department of State. Secretary Seward sent a force of detectives into Canada and along the frontier to intercept all communications between the British Dominion and the Confederacy. He assigned other agents to investigate industry in an effort to stop the flow of materials from them to the South. And, Seward appointed Lafayette C. Baker to conduct War Department investigations under State Department supervision. Baker, whose grandfather was one of the Green Mountain Boys killed by the British on a spying mission near Montreal during the American Revolution, was a veteran of the California Vigilance Committee, had completed a colorful and successful mission into the South, had been recruited by the Confederacy-or so they thought-and dispatched back to Washington. Baker had reported on suspicious persons in Baltimore, followed by a short tour watching and arresting Confederate agents at Niagara Falls, before the Washington assignment. He served under direction of the Department of State until February 1862, when the strong-willed Edwin H. Stanton became Secretary of War and had Baker’s organization transferred to his jurisdiction. Baker was commissioned a colonel and made responsible for the organization of the First District of Columbia Cavalry, a regiment employed in defense and regulation of the Nation’s capital. Despite his colorful postwar memoirs, Baker’s responsibilities dealt chiefly with matters that had little to do with the active conduct of the war or positive intelligence collection. Rather, he focused on domestic counterintelligence, fraud and criminal investigation: he took charge of abandoned Confederate property, investigated fraudulent practices of contractors, assisted the newly-formed Secret Service in the Treasury Department in unearthing counterfeiters, and did more than anyone to suppress bounty-jumpers, the latter a serious problem made worse by Confederate manipulation. But, it was Baker’s domestic security or counterintelligence effort that gained him a reputation, probably deserved, for high-handed methods, illegal arrests and star-chamber legal proceedings against those suspected of disloyalty. He dispatched agents to Canada, had a small field office in New York for liaison with the police, and his men traveled the North making arrests. Officially, his title was Provost Marshal of the War Department [not Provost Marshal General as were his counterparts in the geographical departments and field armies]. His chain of command was actually through a colonel who relayed orders from Major Levi C . Turner, Judge Advocate of the War Department. Baker preferred to call his organization the National Detective Police Department, a term happily exploited by the press in reporting its successes and failures, but there appears to have been no legal authority behind the tide. There was no precedent for what Baker’s organization might or might not do in making the friend or foe determination. His agents were often charged with being corrupt, but then it must be remembered that the Civil War was a time when far too many high military and government officials were involved with respected businessmen in deals so corrupt they bordered on treason and aiding and abetting

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the enemy. Lucius Crittenden, Registrar of the Treasury said later of Baker: “He took into he service … men who claimed to have any aptitude for detective work, without recommendation, investigation, or any inquiry, beyond his own inspection, which he claimed immediately disclosed to him the character and abilities of the applicant. How large his regiment ultimately grew is uncertain, but at time he asserted that it exceeded two thousand men. With this force at his command, protected against interference from the judicial authorities, Baker became a law unto himself. He instituted a veritable Reign of Terror. He dealt with every accused person in the same manner; with a reputable citizen as with a deserter or a thief. He did not recognize the formality of written charges; it was quite sufficient for any person to suggest to Baker that a citizen might be doing something that was against the law. He was immediately arrested, handcuffed, and brought to Baker’s office, at that time in the basement of the Treasury. There he was subject to browbeating examination, in which Baker is said to rival in impudence some head of the criminal bar. This examination was repeated, as often as he chose. Most were kept in their rooms for weeks, without warrant, affidavit or any semblance of authority … He always lived at the first hotels, had an abundance of money, and I am sure did more to disgust good citizens and bring the government to disrepute than the strongest opponents of the [detective] system had ever predicted.” Congressional complaints made against Baker following the war focused on his excesses during the war, or as one put it “this miserable wretch … held … in the hollow of his hand, the liberties of the American people.” It was alleged that he had forged letters used in the impeachment attempt against President Johnson and that he had extended his counterintelligence network into the White House itself. The Baker organization was dissolved to coincide with Baker’s dismissal by President Andrew Johnson. [It should be noted here that for a period of some eighteen months the Baker and Pinkerton organizations existed side by side, yet were entirely separate. In fact, there are at least two cases where members of one were under surveillance or arrested by agents of the other. Neither was J g “secret service” each claimed in his memoirs, and neither had the authority claimed in those post-war volumes. If there is to be any comparison between the two groups it might be in the form of a simple statistic: reports of Confederate espionage successes around Washington were more numerous for the period from June 1863 onwards (under Lafayette Baker) than for the year preceding Pinkerton’s departure and the months immediately following it.] Burnside failed to fill the Pinkerton vacancy, and it was not until January 1863 when Major General Joseph “Fighting Joe” Hooker replaced Burnside that the situation was remedied; Hooker, who is also credited with developing an effective combat intelligence and cavalry reconnaissance activity, appointed a young volunteer colonel, George H. Sharpe, to be deputy provost marshal and to direct the activities of the Bureau of Information. Sharpe organized a headquarters staff group which actually functioned as a centralized intelligence agency in the field; for the first time in the nation’s history commanders could receive intelligence that had been evaluated by experienced military and civilian personnel who had access to the body of intelligence flowing to Sharpe’s bureau. It continuously had agents, resident and transient, in Confederate territory and took over management of the Richmond ring at the beginning of the siege of the Confederate capital.

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The Sharpe organization had its own scouting capabilities [Sharpe employed some 200 spies and scouts, although they were listed as “guides” for payroll purposes, but even here the so-called guides were frequently behind Confederate lines wearing Confederate uniforms], maintained liaison detachments with neighboring commands, and provided a digest of information from all sources–prisoners, deserters, refugees, newspapers, scouts, cavalry, balloonists, Signal Corps observation posts and intercepts and dispatches from distant commands. As one writer has noted, “All this was not essentially different from the work of Pinkerton’s earlier organization, but the products resembled Pinkerton’s reports about as much as Hooker’s personality resembled McClellan’s.” The Sharpe organization gained a reputation of trust and accuracy in its reports and estimates, and in October 1863, Sharpe was breveted Major General and appointed Assistant Provost Marshal of the Armies Operating Against Richmond. His assistant, Major John C. Babcock, a former member of the Pinkerton organization, was named military intelligence chief for the Army of the Potomac under General Meade. Wi Wood Another valuable agent in the War Department was William P. Wood, superintendent of the Old Capitol Prison in Washington. As a result of his daily contact with political and military prisoners he missed no opportunity to gain the sort of information they might impart, be it the plans of the armies or the workings of the Confederate government. His reports to the Secretary of War were viewed as among the most helpful to reach the War Department. [After the war, Wood gained appointment as the first chief of the US. Secret Service, Department of the Treasury, a post left unfilled throughout the conflict.] Major Allot J. Myer Following the Federal defeat at Bull Run, Major Albert J. Myer submitted a proposal that the War Department establish a separate Signal Corps to take charge of all telegraphic duty for the Army and that specially equipped signal cars accompany every army into the field. Myers’ signals organization soon had its role enlarged to include the coordination of intelligence reports and maintaining a central file for reports of interrogation of refugees, deserters and prisoners for cross-checking intelligence. By 1863, the Army had some thirty signals trains in operation and, unilateral to Myer’s operation, established a civilian organization, the United States Military Telegraph, a thinly-guised extension of the American Telegraph Company. Myer protested, and was promptly relieved and sent to Cairo, Illinois, to await further orders. His successor, Lieutenant Colonel William J. L Nicodemus, fell after issuing an annual report for the Signal Corps in which he objected that Signal instruction was being discontinued at the U.S. Military Academy and protested that field telegraph lines should be returned to military control. The report leaked before it reached the Secretary of War. He dismissed Nicodemus and seized all copies of the report and the press on which it had been printed. [Five months later Nicodemus was reinstated by President Lincoln; In 1867, President Johnson appointed then-Colonel Myer to be the Chief Signal Officer of the Army.] The War Dq aibnent Telegraph Offs e Union cryptologic efforts were centered mainly in the War Department Telegraph Office in Washington. The humble effort was the channel through which President Lincoln received the intercepts of enemy communications, and in a sense became co-opted by the secret intelligence. David Homer Bates, manager of the office put it this way: “At times his anxiety would lead him to ask whether there was anything of importance coming through the mill.” He also trusted the security of the installation when considering secret matters and, in fact, drafted the Emancipation Proclamation there. Each day after working on the vital document, Bates recalls, Lincoln would leave it secured in the code room to protect it from advance

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disclosure by those who would attempt to thwart it. Bates also tells the story of Lincoln’s concern with the protection of sources and methods. A Confederate courier had been “doubled” by the Union, allowing the North to read dispatches he carried between Richmond and its agents in Canada. One of the messages seriously implicated the Canadian Government and Britain in covert support of the Confederate States. Secretary of War Stanton was insistent that the actual message be removed from the Southern pouch for later use as documentary evidence in supporting a U.S. demand for damages from the United Kingdom. Assistant Secretary of War Charles Dana, an experienced newspaper editor in private life, opposed the idea, fearing that to remove the document rather than just copy it would compromise the double-agent operation and end Union access to the Confederate traffic. The issue was carried to President Lincoln. Lincoln ordered that the critical document be returned to the pouch and the courier sent on his way. With protection of sources and methods out of the way, Lincoln then ordered that the courier be intercepted in Virginia and the pouch seized. The President’s final step, which also proved successful, was to facilitate a believable escape of the courier, in a hail of bullets, from Old Capitol Prison and a widely-advertised reward for the Confederate agent’s recapture. Following the war, the Telegraph Office moved to an obscure Maryland town, Annapolis Junction, the present location of the National Security Agency. The Aaariaut Carew Although sketch artists had been transported above the battle in Europe, the Civil War saw the first communication between such aerial observers and the ground by electric telegraph. The effort was the brainchild of Professor Thaddeus S.C. Lowe who convinced War Department officials that it could be applied. in the field. So effective was the overhead reconnaissance effort, that General Beauregard found it necessary to direct cover and concealment and to instruct that, wherever possible, deceptive expedients be employed to mislead the balloonists of the Federal Aeronaut Corps. It all came to an end in 1863 when Lowe resigned after the battle of Chancellorsville because of personality clashes, serious administrative problems and arguments over command responsibility. Some say that Lowe’s continued nattering for more money was the real cause. [Significantly, although aerial photography had been demonstrated successfully in 1860, it was never employed during the war by either side.] Mdim Scours Another noteworthy development in connection with military intelligence during the Civil War was the formal creation of Indian Scout units as part of the United States Army. Originally conceived in 1864 as the Pawnee Scouts for use in engagements against the Sioux, its use was expanded for reconnaissance to detect Confederate movements into Kansas. The original company of 100 men was soon expanded into a batallion of 200 men distributed for duty along the Union Pacific railway. The Pawnee Scouts were formally mustered from the service in 1877. The Feidaal Ingot Savice of FiorW In 1861, Henry S. Sanford, U.S. Minister to Belgium and a close friend of Secretary of State Seward, received a new task: “To counteract by all proper means the efforts of Confederate agents in Europe to gain recognition of the Confederate States.” Sanford, in charge of Federal espionage in Europe, quickly established a surveillance system under the operational control of U.S. consular agents and took other measures to frustrate Confederate efforts. An indication of the successes of the Sanford’s Federal Intelligence Service and some of

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its weaknesses are revealed in the justified complaints of James D. Bulloch, the Confederacy’s naval purchasing agent in Europe: “The extent to which the system of bribery and spying has been and continues to be practiced by agents of the United States in Europe is scarcely credible. The servants of gentlemen supposed to have Southern sympathies are tampered with, confidential clerks, and even messengers from telegraph offices, are bribed to betray their trust, and I have lately been informed that the British and French Post Offices, hitherto considered immaculate, are now scarcely safe modes of communication.” “The Consular agents of the United States had already begun to practice an inquisitive system of espionage, and it was soon manifest that the movements of those who were supposed to be agents of the Confederate Government were closely and vigilantly watched. Men known to be private detectives in the employ of the United States Consul were often seen prowling about the dockyards, and questioning the employees of Messrs. Laird and Miller in reference to the two vessels … I soon learned that a private detective named Maguire had taken an interest in my personal movements.” [Agent Matthew Maguire was, indeed, specifically detailed to keep track of Bulloch’s movements.] “The spies of the United States are numerous, active and unscrupulous. They invade the privacy of families, tamper with the confidential clerks or merchants, and have succeeded in converting a portion of the police of this country into secret agents of the United States, who have practiced a prying watchfulness over the movements and business of individuals, intolerably vexatious, which has excited the disgust and openly expressed indignation of many prominent Englishmen, and the frequent criticism of what portion of the British press which is really neutral. These practices, though wholly inconsistent with the spirit of justice and the fundamental principles of constitutional government are directly countenanced and encouraged by the present Ministry, and the rights of British subjects are violated, and their pecuniary interests damaged by the seizure of property in their hands upon the affidavits of persons who have already perjured themselves before her Majesty’s Courts.” “Mere suspicion is not, I regret to say, the basis of Mr. Dayton’s [Dayton was the U.S. Minister to France] protest [about French construction of ships of war for the Confederacy]. He has furnished the French Government with copies of certain letters alleged to have passed between the builders which go to show that the ships are for us. The confidential clerk who has had charge of the correspondence of M. Voruz, one of the parties to the contracts, has disappeared, and has unfortunately carried off some letters and papers relating to the business. M. Voruz has not yet discovered the full extent-to which he has been robbed, but is using every effort to trace the theft to its source, and to discover how far he can prove the complicity on the part of United States officials.” [The alleged complicity was never proved; I would suspect it is now safe to admit that the clerk was an Alsatian named Petermann, and that we paid him 15,000 francs for the stolen papers.] “Men who are employed as spies, or who are paid to give evidence in regard to matters upon which they can have no personal knowledge except what they may have acquired by

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dishonest and unworthy means are easily exposed in the witness box …The proceedings in the case of the Alexandra had exposed the extent and unscrupulous character of the system of espionage the United States officials had established in this country.” After the Alexandra case was heard in the British courts, despite Bulloch’s accurate assessment of the poor character of the Federal witnesses and the perjury of their testimony, he acknowledged to Richmond that it was obvious that no other ships could be sent out from the shipyards of England. Yet, Bulloch’s efforts were not totally frustrated by the Federal agents. The Atlanta, later renamed the C.C.S. Tallahassee and later the Chameleon, did not arouse the suspicions of the Federal agents, sailed from England unmolested, and captured 29 U.S. vessels. Another time, Bulloch learned that the British, on the basis of Federal affidavits, was preparing to seize the Enrica, Bulloch arranged a party on board and took guests on a trial run. After lunch the guests were put ashore, a crew boarded, and the ship put to sea. As the C.S.S. Alabama, it sank or took prizes of no less than 66 ships. All in all, 111 ships made the escape. Some were iron clads intended for combat, others were expendable blockade-runners. The most important success of the Federal agents was preventing the sailing of three rams, ostensibly being built in Britain for the Egyptian Government. James P. Baxter, in his Introduction of Iron Clad Warships: “If the rams had put to sea the South would probably have won its independence, and the North would almost certainly declared war on Britain.” Other Union operations in Europe ranged from covert action visits by influential persons designed to influence the political decisions of Britain and France, to the dispatch of bankers armed with a million dollars in bonds in an attempt to make preclusive purchase of war materiel destined for the Confederacy. Thurlow Weed, for example, persuaded Napoleon not to denounce the closure of Charleston harbor by reminding him of the French destruction of the harbor at Dunkirk. Others sent for similar purposes included Archbishop John Joseph Hughes, the founder of St. John’s College; Bishop Pettit Mcllvane, former chaplain of the U.S. Senate; and George Washington Schuyler, a prominent banker and merchant in New York. Similar agents were sent to Canada and the Mediterranean to thwart Confederate moves there. Perhaps the most colorful operation was the Federal move to recruit General Guiseppe Garibaldi, the greatest guerrilla fighter and symbol of national unification of the time; Garibaldi, liberator of the enslaved and oppressed. The plan was to offer Garibaldi the rank of Major General and convert him into a Civil War version of Lafayette. The plan had many purposes: first, Garibaldi was a competent officer and General Winfield Scott whom he was to replace was not; second, it was a clear-cut psychological warfare move to convince the world and the South, of the liberating nature of the Federal Army; and last, it would draw recruits to the Army from the masses of European emigres who had theretofore shown no motivation or interest in subscribing to the Union cause. The mission was so sensitive at the time that all reference to it was withheld from the Department of State volume, Diplomatic Correspondence of the War, published by Congress long after the event. Henry S. Sanford was given the assignment of persuading Garibaldi “to add the glory of aiding in the preservation of the American Union to the many honors which the General of Italy has already won in the cause of human Freedom.” Sanford was empowered to expend one thousand pounds sterling to pay the expenses of Garibaldi and his suite, and to expand the line of credit with European banking houses if additional funds were needed to sway the General. On September 7, 1861, Sanford, using an assumed name to enforce the secrecy of his

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mission, chartered a small steamer and sailed for the island of Caprera where Garibaldi lived in semi-retirement. Unfortunately, Garibaldi’s demands exceeded what Sanford had to offer. He asked that he be named Commander-in-Chief of the Union forces and be given the contingent power of declaring the abolition of slavery. To make matters worse, for political motives related to the situation in Italy, Garibaldi’s aides leaked the news of the American offer. As expected, the Italian press urged Garibaldi not to go to America, the European press both endorsed and ridiculed the idea, and in America the press seemed equally divided. A regiment of Americans of Italian descent, recruited in New York, marched off to do battle as the “Garibaldi Brigade.” A year later, the matter arose again, but this time supposedly not at the instruction of Lincoln or Seward. Theodore Canisius, the American consul at Vienna who had gained the post through subtle blackmail of Lincoln, wrote to Garibaldi, renewing the offer. Garibaldi recently wounded in an abortive march on Rome was in prison. His captors thought it a great way to get rid of the general without prejudice to the interests of Italy and a way to help the United States. Garibaldi got the message. He gave up on the demand to be Commander-in- Chief, but held firmly to the requirement that he be permitted to free the slaves. Canisius proudly leaked his role in the affair to the press. Seward fired him for leaking the operation, then reinstated Canisius at the request of the Italian cabinet. But, for Garibaldi it was all to late. Lincoln had issued his preliminary Emancipation proclamation, the war had moved past the point where an inspirational hero was important to victory. Union concerns were now focused on fixed battles, not guerilla warfare, and its current fears were of invasion by ironclad vessels being built for the Confederacy in England. When Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, Garibaldi wrote him a letter of congratulations. There is no indication that Lincoln ever replied.

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7 he C Obdante SYatas of America Not only the Government in Washington, but the whole world, was astounded that the new Confederacy could bring at once into the field a military force superior in numbers to the standing army of the United States. Both the North and the South were absurdly unprepared at the beginning of the war; Neither side had truly believed that sectional antagonisms would ever flare into armed conflict. The Confederate States never had secret-service type organizations as were developed by the Federal Government during the war, and yet it is probably true that in the matter of obtaining needed military information, the Confederacy was, as a whole, better served than was the North. Many of the functions of the Federal services were unnecessary in the South. It was practically free of the problem facing the North in regard to the loyalty of its populace, and the full weight of its intelligence resources could be applied to the field and in the North, rather than maintaining a quasi-police state at home. The key intelligence figure in Richmond appears to have been General John Winder, son of the defender of Washington in the War of 1812 who had been dismissed because he retreated. General Winder, who served as Provost Marshal and acted directly under the Secretary of War, personally conducted a large-scale espionage and counterespionage system that fanned out from the Southern capital. Key to this operation was Colonel (later Brigadier General) Thomas Jordan, adjutant general of the Confederate forces under General Beauregard, who made arrangements with several Southern sympathizers at Washington for the transmission of war intelligence which in almost every instance proved to be extremely accurate. Just as Confederate spies had operated almost with impunity in wartime Washington, their colleagues were numerous and active in the various combat theaters throughout the war. General Robert E. Lee and his principal subordinate commanders all possessed extensive intelligence organizations–with J.E.B. Stuart said to have assembled a network that provided precise information of Federal strength and intentions. But they had no equal to the Sharpe organization in the North for the centralization and coordination of the intelligence product emerged throughout the conflict. Whereas the North initially was sorely deficient in cavalry, the South hit the ground riding. Fast moving reconnaissance units helped make up for the Confederacy’s shortages of arms, ammunition and supplies. A tribute to this military organization structure is the fact that the Confederate Army was never surprised in an important engagement of the war. The Signal Corps of the Confederate Army also played an important part in the espionage field, and even organized a “secret service branch” which established a line of agents from the Potomac to Washington during the fall of 1862 to help other agents enter and leave the United States, and to convey all manner of letters, documents and newspapers from the North to Richmond. Elaborate intelligence nets were devised to assure rapid delivery of Union papers to the capital of the Confederacy; the South had been quick to learn they were one of the best sources of information on the location, strength and disposition of the enemy’s forces. [President Davis is said to have received the Baltimore papers only a day late, and the New York papers the following day.] Those papers also served as a convenient vehicle for open-coded messages fr om its agents in the North. The Union’s weakness resulting from freedom of the press was not remedied until near the end of the war when effective censorship was imposed and the more irresponsible journalists curbed. The South eventually felt the need for a dedicated secret service bureau, forming one in Richmond in November 1864 when the war was almost over. Little is known of its activities;

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Judah Benjamin, Secretary of the Treasury, burned all the intelligence records before the collapse of Richmond’s defenses. About the only evidence of the shadow war, found serving as a paperweight on Jefferson Davis’ desk, was a lump of what appeared to be coal but in reality was a disguised explosive the Confederates had found effective in sabotaging trains and the boilers of ships. Throughout the war, the Confederacy had to depend on secret negotiations for recognition and the discreet purchase of the needs of war from Europe and from suppliers in Northern cities. As defeat drew near, for example, emissaries were sent to the Emperor Maximillian in Mexico with the proposal to form a confederacy of Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi and Arkansas which would be allowed to absorb much adjacent Mexican territory. Maximillian is reported to have listened favorably to the scheme, but the operation came to an abrupt end with Lee’s surrender. In France, agents of the Confederacy were afforded the full, but secret, support of Napoleon’s government, partly because of the Maximillian concept, but U.S. protests soon reversed the picture and France assumed a strict neutrality. [Later, we will learn of the activities of an unlikely agent in intimating to Napolean that the French troops in Mexico must be removed.] In Britain, popular support was for the Confederacy, and until American diplomatic representatives reminded Britain of the importance of wheat over cotton and threatened war, that country was a supply source for all that was needed by the South and provided a ready market for its cotton and cotton bills. In 1864, the Confederates attempted to persuade Pope Pius IX to exert his influence in stemming the flood of Irish Catholics being recruited in Ireland for service in the Federal Army. [Thousands were recruited by Federal agents in Ireland with the inducement of bonuses, others were recruited at the gang-plank as they first set foot in America. Immigrant recruiting was such that it was not unexpected when the Confederates captured entire units, none of the men of which could speak English.] But, it is another type of operation that distinguishes the Confederate services from those of the North. It falls into the category known in World War II as “morale operations.” Most were directed from Canada by Jacob Thompson, the former U.S. Secretary of Interior who served in the Confederate Army until 1863, then received the special missions assignment from President Jefferson Davis. His operations were to be funded by hundreds of thousands, and perhaps millions, of dollars from the sale of contraband cotton. In addition, when the Confederacy voted a five million dollar secret service fund in 1864, one million was allocated for the Canada-based operation. As the operation progressed additional funding was obtained by force from Northern banks, trains, express company safes and Federal Army payrolls. New York was a peculiar city during the war. Many of its merchants haft strong commercial ties to the South. Even the goods that clothed and restrained slaves had been shipped by businessmen in New York and its trade rivals, Boston and Philadelphia. The city’s banks held the South in mortgage, and had everything to lose if the Confederacy failed. In effect, it was a corrupt and cynical city, most of whose people didn’t care who won the war as long as they profited by it. In January 1861, for example, the mayor proposed that New York and Long Island secede from the Union and become a free port to trade with both sides. In 1863, Manhattan Island had a population of 813,669, of which more than 200,000 were Irish who had flocked to the city after the Potato Famine of 1848. As recent arrivals, these half-starved and desperate people had to contend with Negroes for the bottom jobs. Add to this smouldering cauldron Lincoln’s Draft bill of March 3, 1863, and some Confederate agents. There had been a brief outburst on April 13th when Irish workingmen attacked Negroes who were their rivals for jobs. Then what have become known as the “draft riots”

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Approved For Release 2010/07/01: CIA-RDP91-00587R000201000006-5 began, reaching epidemic proportions before spreading to Brooklyn, Jamaica, Staten Island, Jersey City, Newark, and then on to Troy, Boston and Portsmouth, New Hampshire. In New York, the mob brought terror to blacks, seized weapons and brought the conflict to a full- scale insurrection in which at least 1200 persons, and probably many more, died. In the wake of the riots several suspicious characters were determined to have been inciting the mobs. One, a young man who had been impaled on a fence, then carried away by the mob and never identified, was noted to have worn fine clothing underneath his rough workman’s garb. Another, John U. Andrews, a Virginian complete with a Southern accent, was arrested for incitement. He was sent to Fort Lafayette in New York Harbor, where he vanishes from history. One document indicates that he had been sent to Fort Warren in Boston Harbor, but that the U.S. Marshal in New York had asked that he be returned to New York for trial to silence rumors Andrews was a Federal Government agent provocateur as alleged in the Democratic press. Andrews was never heard from again. Another inciter, a New York dentist named Nelson Edwards was identified by five witnesses as exhorting the mobs to violence on several occasions, but there is no record of his ever being brought to trial. Another plot, to upset the gold market in the North, was ordered by Judah P. Benjamin. The plan was to get people in the North to convert their paper money into gold and then withdraw it from the market. A Confederate agent armed with $100,000 entered New York and began a cycle of purchasing gold, exporting it and then selling it for sterling bills of exchange and then converting the sterling for more gold. The operation resulted in the export of over two million dollars in gold at the expense to the Confederacy of less than $10,000. Confederate funds were also used to subvert certain Northern newspapers, notably the New York Daily News, whose editor offered to influence public opinion in favor the the Confederacy for $25,000. A much larger sum, $50,000 in gold, was spent in Illinois in an unsuccessful effort to elect James C. Robinson, the Peace Democrats’ candidate for governor in 1864. Robinson had promised that if elected he would place control of the militia and 60,000 stand of arms at the disposal of the Sons of Liberty. From France, the U.S. Consul reported that a man carrying fifteen million dollars in counterfeit U.S. currency was being sent to New York to bribe three hundred influential men and ward heelers to buy votes there. Twenty-one men, supplied with $110,000 in gold were sent to Canada in 1863. They planned to embark on one of the many lake passenger ships, overpower her officers and use the captured ship to take the U.S.S. Michigan, the only Federal gunboat on the lakes, then use the Michigan to free Confederate prisoners on Johnson’s Island near Sandusky, Ohio. An informer told the Canadian Government what was in contemplation, the information was relayed to Washington, and all the Lake cities put on guard. The plot had to be abandoned just as it was to be put into effect. In 1864, the plan was attempted again. A team boarded one of the lake ships, seized it, then captured another passenger steamer. They put the passengers ashore and headed for Johnson’s Island. The Michigan was posed as if for combat and the signal rockets which were to be fired from shore did not appear [the Confederate agent who was to have fired the rockets was already under arrest]. It was evident something had gone wrong [a Federal Detective posing as a former Confedrate officer had been been put in charge of a hotel in Windsor in which sixty Confederate expatriates resided; his reports of their daily conversations resulted in a detailed warning to Federal officials]. The team sailed the ship for the Canadian shore and burned it. In 1864, a team of agents launched a plan to burn New York in retaliation for the burning of Atlanta. Although Federal agents had been alerted by an informer, they failed to intercept the arsonists. After setting fires in hotels, a theater, Barnum’s and some river barges, the men left New York by sleeping car for Toronto. None were apprehended at the time, although later one was captured enroute to Richmond from Canada–and hanged–and another was

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captured trying to wreck a train at Buffalo–and also was hanged. Early in the war a band of Confederates boarded a steamer at Baltimore, with their leader in the guise of a heavily-veiled ailing French woman, and a milliner’s trunk loaded with weapons. They captured it, and sailed her out into the Chesapeake where they took two Northern vessels as prizes of war, then ran the ship up the Rappahannock and were rewarded with $45,000 for the ship. The mission was successful, but on the return journey the men were recognized by a passenger of the target vessel and captured. Another band of Confederates, disguised as wood-choppers, captured another Baltimore steamer, put the passengers ashore and ran the ship down the Chesapeake. On hearing the war had ended, they stripped and burned it. One plan, executed in 1864, was to sabotage Union supplies in the Midwest. Greek fire was used to destroy Federal stores at Louisville, Mattoon and St. Louis. Yet another plan to grab a ship involved a team that boarded a US. merchant ship in the port of Panama disguised as passengers. Their attempt was foiled, and they were sentenced to be hanged. On review, the question of the laws of war were discussed at length, and the sentences modified to life imprisonment or less. One of the most daring raids made by the Confederates was the invasion of Vermont from Canada in October 1864. The men raided St. Albans, Vermont, robbed the bank and hot-footed it back to Canada where authorities refused extradition requests, tried them and let them go free because popular sentiment in Canada was strongly in favor of the raiders. Another plan was to have the Confederate raider Tallahassee run into New York Harbor, set fire to shipping there, bombard the Brooklyn Navy Yard and then dash up the river to Long Island Sound. The plan never came off, and it was not until records of a secret Federal inquiry were released some eighty years later that the full extent of the mission was disclosed. The Tallahassee raid was actually to be part of an even larger scheme. During the summer of 1864, a number of Confederate topographers had been sent to the Maine Coast to pose as artists while they mapped isolated bays and harbors. Troops were to be brought to Maine by blockade runners, there to be joined by more Confederate troops from Canada Before the plan could be executed, three of the men connected with it were captured trying to hold up a bank. One of them made a complete confession, ending Confederate aspirations of seizing Maine. Another plan to free the prisoners on Johnson’s Island near Sandusky was to be launched from Canada Provided with $25,000 in gold and a cargo of cotton, the.expedition landed at Halifax, sold the cargo for $76,000, then dispersed. They arrived individually at Montreal, took separate lodging and refrained from recognizing each other on the streets. There they purchased a nine-pounder cannon and one hundred Colt revolvers and ammunition. To avoid suspicion they purchased dumbbells to substitute for cannon balls and butcher knives to be used as cutlasses. The plan was to ship the arms to St. Catherine’s in boxes labeled as machinery destined for Chicago. There the arms and the raiders, disguised as mechanics and laborers in search of employment at the Chicago water works, would go aboard a lake vessel which would be captured once it left port. The cannon would be mounted and the vessel headed for Johnson’s Island. There, as if by accident, the vessel would collide with the Federal gunboat Michigan. The raiders would board the gunboat and take possession of her. In the midst of the excitement then spreading throughout the Northern frontier, a Confederate sympathizer in Montreal panicked and revealed the plans to the Canadian government. As Canadian officials descended on St. Catherine’s, the team made its escape, leaving the boxes

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of “machinery” to be seized by officers of the Crown. Yet, I have saved the most overwhelming operation for last–the so-called Northwest Conspiracy. The South was aware that the midwestern states, including Lincoln’s home state of Illinois, were not in sympathy with the war. Most of their lucrative trade with the South had been destroyed when the Federal Navy closed the Mississippi River. Word was received in Richmond of an impending revolt in Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin, Michigan, Iowa and Ohio which would result in the secession of those states to form a new, independent government. Soon word was received from one of Morgan’s secret agents of “a perfect organization all over the North for the purpose of revolution,” and contact was made with a delegation from the secret society, which claimed 490,000 members who were prepared support a “northwestern republic.” It was a move born of frustration. The South had been hoping for a negotiated peace, and Thompson had met with an emissary of Secretary of War Stanton. Stanton fearing Lincoln would be defeated by the Peace Democrats in his bid for reelection, had believed that the President’s only chance to stave off defeat was to open negotiations with the Confederate Government. The emissary told Thompson that Stanton would make the Southern States secure in their rights if this could be done without the “ultimatim of separation.” But, unfortunately, the story of the emissary’s meetings with Thompson leaked to the press, Stanton was forced to deny any role in the overtures and the negotiations were discontinued. By then, Stanton’s fear of a Lincoln defeat also had diminished; the mood in the North was changing quickly as the 1864 elections drew near. The Peace Democrats were losing ground rapidly, and it now appeared that Lincoln would win at the polls. As one Confederate noted at the time: “The temper of the Northern public mind seems to me to be as unstable, unregulated and wild as that of any savage race. It is gov;rned by hope or fear, or some other selfish passion and not by reason or virtue. They will fight us until we are destroyed or they are exhausted . . Other peace efforts involving Horace Greeley, editor and publisher of the New York Tribune, as an intermediary also had met with failure because Greeley, in his enthusiasm for ending the war, had not been entirely honest with either the Confederates or President Lincoln in conveying the terms of each. Other intelligence indicated nothing could be accomplished toward a negotiated peace because immense profits were being derived by influential figures in the North who stood to gain even more from a continuance of the conflict. The Confederacy agreed to fund the secret society. The group called itself the Secret Order of the Sons of Liberty. Clement Vallandigham, an Ohio congressman who had been banished to the Confederacy for interfering with the draft and his speeches in opposition to the war, was then in Canada and had been elected the Order’s “Supreme Commander.” Confederate agents handling the operation soon confirmed the group had more than two hundred thousand members set up along military lines, divisions, brigades, regiments and companies, commanded by a system of officers, and expanding daily. The Confederate plan was, at the time of the uprising, to have two regiments march on Camp Douglas, near Chicago, to free Confederate prisoners there. Then the combined force would march on Rock Island to free the 7,000 prisoners there.

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The uprising was timed for June 15th with the return of Vallandigham to Ohio for the Democratic District Convention. It was presumed that Vallandigham would be arrested by Federal agents, igniting the spark of insurrection. The Federals unwittingly foiled the effort; Only one Union agent, pretending to be a reporter for the Chicago Tribune, was sent to make the arrest. When he saw men putting their revolvers in order and surmised that hundreds of others might be armed, he left the convention without making the arrest. The detective appealed to the Governor of Ohio to authorize and support an arrest, but the Governor refused, saying he would not do it unless instructed from Washington. The next trigger for the uprising was to be the Democratic National Convention, to be held in Chicago July 4th. It was anticipated that Abolitionists would attack the hall and set it afire. The riot that would certainly follow would be expanded and the cherished revolution would be underway. Then, for unrelated reasons, the Convention was postponed to August 29th. Impatient with the delay, the council of leading members of the Order resolved that the uprising should take place on July 20th. The Governor of Illinois would be taken prisoner and another installed in his place. Members of the organization would seize Indianapolis and free the Confederate prisoners there. It was even conjectured that Quantrill might take command of the thousands of Confederate soldiers and lead them on a victorious invasion of the North. In the meantime, arms had been purchased in New York and shipped to the midwest in small lots, to be concealed in the homes of members of the secret order. One man in southern Indiana, for example, had a large stock of small arms, hand grenades, and two pieces of artillery in his basement, which also included a laboratory for the manufacture of “Greek Fire” incendiary devices. The editor of the New York Daily News advised that if the storm burst in the West, $20,000 could produce a diversionary riot in New York. His fellow conspirators, the former mayor of New York and the editors of the Freeman’ Journal and the Day Boob were prepared to incite the seizure of the sub-Treasury, the arsenals and other Federal properties in New York and the freeing of Confederate prisoners held at Ft. Lafayette. The Governor of New York had given assurance that he would remain neutral in the matter and would refrain from calling out the National Guard. Others agreed to foment other diversionary operations, including the burning of Cincinnati and starting a “rumpus” in Boston. Just about then, Judge Joshua Bullitt, Grand Commander of the Order in Kentucky, was arrested based on information provided the Federal government by the Grand Secretary of his state organization, Felix Stidger. Stidger, in reality a secret Federal agent, with Bullitt out of the way, succeeded as Grand Commander for Kentucky. Two days later Federal agents raided the offices of Congressman Daniel Vorhees in Terre Haute, Indiana, seizing membership lists, names of officers and other secrets of the order. [Despite this, Vortices, who had defended one of John Brown’s associates in the raid on Harper’s Ferry, continued to serve in the House, and then was elected to the Senate.] It was evident the plotters would have to move fast before higher officials of the secret order could be arrested. Members of the group took to drilling in the open in many counties in Indiana, creating a panic as farmers rushed their crops to market in expectation of hostilities. U.S. marshals arrested the Grand Commander for Indiana. A raid on an Indianapolis printing plant uncovered four hundred revolvers and 35,000 rounds of ammunition, recently arrived from New York in boxes marked “Sunday School Books.” The Confederacy gave another $25,000 to provide travel, expenses to get men to Chicago

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for the big day. Seventy Confederate soldiers armed with revolvers arrived from Canada and took up lodging throughout the city. Then more bad news. Alerted, the Federals had posted a regiment of troops at Camp Douglas with several pieces of artillery made ready to fire on the prisoners-of-war if a rescue was attempted. On the night of the 28th, the Confederate agents held a final strategy meeting, only to learn that the members of the Order were scattered all over the city and that there was no plan by the Order’s leadership to converge them for action. A Confederate call for an armed attack of 5,000 men on Camp Douglas was met with excuses by the group’s commanders. A similar proposal for a small operation to free the 7,000 prisoners was met with a counter- proposal by the Order’s commanders that the operation be put off until the Presidential election in November. The Confederates had no choice but to agree, and to postpone the subsidized riot in New York. To make things worse, the Democratic candidate, General McClellan, reversed himself and denounced the Party’s peace platform on which the Confederate agents had expended much effort and funds. [Atlanta had just been captured and McClellan followed public opinion in its wake.] The Peace Democrats pronounced that “the wolf had rejected the skin of the lamb in turning his back on the Party platform.” On the other hand, Lincoln had suggested to the Peace Democrats that he would “go as far as any man in America to restore peace on the basis of the Union” and that “slavery would not stand in the way of peace.” The Peace Democrats recognized that it would be far better for Lincoln to win the election, and much of the fire went out of their support for foment should Lincoln be elected. Colonel Benjamin J. Sweet, commander of the Federal prison camp, warned of a probable uprising and the liklihood of an attempt to release his prisoners, arranged for the “escape” of Lieutenant John J. Shanks, a Confederate turn-coat. Shanks headed for Confederate gathering places and in a ruse that he desired to join in the rebellion, gained full details of the election day plans. Two days before the Presidential Election, Federal detectives, guards from the camp and local police arrested 106 persons, practically all the top Confederate agents working in Chicago and seized large stores of weapons and ammunition hidden by the agents to arm the order’s members. Eventually the Confederates gave up on exploiting the copperhead organizations, as one Confederate officer said later, because they were “as harmless as an association of children.” In New York, plans for the Confederate-financed insurrection had also gone awry. Richard Montgomery a con-man and double agent [he was the Confederate courier mentioned earlier in regard to Lincoln’s decision about the incriminating correspondence from Canada] alerted authorities of what was planned for election day. General Benjamin F. Butler and 10,000 troops marched into the city. The plotters agreed that no revolution was possible as long as “Beast” Butler’s troops controlled the city. In a report of the matter to Judah Benjamin in Richmond, Thompson attributed the failure to the “vigilance of the Administration, the large bounties paid for treachery and the respectable men who have yielded to that temptation, added to the large military forces stationed in those states which make organization and preparation almost an impossibility.” Although he acknowledged the aborted operation had cost him $300,000, there was a bright side: “The apprehension of the enemy caused him to bring back and keep from the field at the front some 60,000 to watch and browbeat the people at home. The same money has effected so much in no other quarter since the commencement of the war.” Thompson left Canada and went home as the South crumbled for lack of food and ammunition.

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Approved For Release 2010/07/01: CIA-RDP91-00587R000201000006-5

General CIA Records
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST):
CIA-RDP91-00587R000201000006-5
Release Decision:RIFPUB
Original Classification:K
Document Page Count:17
Document Creation Date:December 22, 2016
Document Release Date:July 1, 2010
Sequence Number:6
Case Number:
Content Type:OPEN SOURCE

Go Nuts in the CIA Historical Files:

https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/historical-collections

 

Produced by Jim Kirk-Wiggins, April 8, 2018

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Printed Government Content Type:OPEN SOURCE per CIA/FOIA reading room

 

 

Featured

RETURN TO FREEDOM 2

Just as Freedom of the Press has been relegated to the Oligarchs, Freedom of Internet Speech is going to media Oligarchs.

INTERNET FREEDOM: FREE SPEECH

Richie Havens Freedom (Woodstock 69)

As in the previous article in this series, the 1996 Telecommunications Act had much impact on the internet. The loftly stated intentions of growth, and freedom accomplished the opposite. Plus Net Neutrality took a bullet to the head.

Addressing the Internet, and particularly Social Media, it was a disaster. The below video on this topic was by John Perry Barlow. (Deceased)

However the other and most pressing danger to a Free Internet, particularly Social Media is what has been called Net Neutrality or it’s demise. In additions with Media Oligopoly, consolidation of the media into one biased, uninformed voice, it threatens Free Speech. The Free Speech on various social media, blogs, and 4th estate press outlets.

We the people fighting the loss of the true Freedom of the Press, through blogs like this, are becoming a victim of subtle censorship without Net Neutrality. Google, Twitter, Facebook, WordPress and others can manipulate our content. They can slow it’s publication, alter it, censor it, and ignore it.

In December 2017, the FCC Chairman Ajit Pai’s recinded the previous FCC rulings in 2015 on Net Neutrality, calling it restoring freedom of the Internet. The 2015 FCC ruling through previous heavy lobbying, may have itself been a smoke screen. The freedom it restored was to Social Media Giants, who are the peoples communications lines. Just as Freedom of the Press has been relegated to the Oligarchs, Freedom of Internet Speech is going to media Oligarchs. If there was a caution light only by the 2015 ruling, the FCC Chairman has now given the green light. They are already abusing this in other ways, as recent headlines concerning Facebooks use of your personal information, and the security of it.

Concrete Examples of Google, Facebook and Twitter Violating ‘Net Neutrality’ http://bit.ly/2GSsBBF via @BreitbartNews

Congress has made a big show of this since the FCC December ruling, and yesterday, (April 10), hit Facebooks CEO with a limp wrist all day long. Well, he did wear a suit, and not his phony, “I’m one of you”, blue jeans and T-Shirt outfits.

The internet without Net Neutrality isn’t really the internet. (Article link to Freepress.net. They is no connection in any manner to this publication; OneFreePress.net.)

However as Bretbart News stated in the first referenced article, Net Neutrality needs a new definition to include Google, Twitter, Facebook and others. It’s not just the December 2017 FCC, but Obama’s FCC that failed to defend or enact true Net Neutrality.

HELP RESTORE FREEDOM TO AMERICA. THE ENEMY IS AT THE GATES. ATTACKING OUR FREEDOMS ONE BY ONE AS THEY TRAMPLE OUR CONSTITUTION, AND BILL OF RIGHTS. MOVING AMERICA FROM DEMOCRACY TO OLIGARCHY TO GLOBALISM.

FREEDOM, FREEDOM….

img_2858-1

by James Kirk-Wiggins, April 11, 2018

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One Free Press    State of the Nation    Equinox       Peace Possible

One Free Press Image: by John Flannery: Freedom of the Press  cc by

Featured Article Image: by moonjazz  : America the Beautiful, Teton National Park, Wyoming    PDM


Featured Song:  Richie Havens Freedom (Woodstock 69)

Artist: Richie Havens

Duration: 05:11

Bitrate: 320 kbit/secRICHIE HAVENS FREEDOM

Size: 11.89 MB

File type: mp3

Featured

RETURN TO FREEDOM 1

Repeal the 1996 telecommunications act, signed by Bill Clinton, and lobbied heavily in Congress

FREEDOM RECONSTRUCTION (1)

Richie Havens Freedom (Woodstock 69)

FREEDOM OF THE PRESS: Repeal the 1996 telecommunications act, signed by Bill Clinton, and lobbied heavily in Congress. which gave the press (media) exclusion from  consolodation and monopolization. Termed Media Oligopoly.

It not only allowed monopolization of Cable, Internet, and other Information services, but also monopolization Cable Service Providers, but monopolization in radio broadcasting.

The law was written in such a way to provide for “decency” in programming, that the Supreme Court ruled this section unconstitutional. Thus removing decent programming standards from Television, Cable, and the Internet.

The law in essense gave media free reign in consolidation and programming. Leading to media ownership from 50 to 5. The consolidation of Radio stations to 80% ownership by one corporation. The consolidation of Cell phone carriers from the three major corporations at the time to one Cell phone carrier.

         The Telecommunications Act of 1996…enabled the handful of corporations dominating the airwaves to expand their power further. Mergers enabled tighter control of information…The Latin American writer Eduardo Galeano commented…”Never have so many been held incommunicado by so few.” (Wikopedia, Telecommunications Act)  

by James Kirk-Wiggins, April 11, 2018

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One Free Press    State of the Nation    Equinox       Peace Possible

One Free Press Image: by John Flannery: Freedom of the Press  cc by

 

Featured Article Image: by moonjazz  : America the Beautiful, Teton National Park, Wyoming    PDM


Featured Song:  Richie Havens Freedom (Woodstock 69)

Artist: Richie Havens
Duration: 05:11
Bitrate: 320 kbit/secRICHIE HAVENS FREEDOM
Size: 11.89 MB
File type: mp3

Featured

AMAZON v U.S.

A dedicated parcel delivery service should be competitive with the likes of UPS and US Express, with a true cost pricing structure. Or ( Privitize

IS AMAZON AN EVOLUTION OF RETAIL

OR RETAIL MONOPOLY

 

The US Government has suddenly become critical of Amazon Corp. “They pay no state taxes, hurting the USPS bottom lines, their deliveries by USPS use State roads, therefore should pay state taxes, they harm the competibility of local businesses.

All true, somewhat. But let’s “level the playing field.”

The USPS, (US POSTAL SERVICE), thas been continuing to lose it’s largest source of income, the letter. When is the last time you walked to your mailbox and put a letter in it? Do you even have stamps and envelopes?

5453256945_b20cd75db1_m
JOHN LLOYD JEEP DJ-5 Dispatcher

With email, Skype, Duo, Social media, bill pay online, why stamp and mail anything?

 

Is Amazon causing the postal service to lose money? The USPS is required by law to not charge less than cost for delivery of parcels. But they do. Do they include overhead, infrastructure, management initiatives, and rising labor cost as every other well managed corporation does? Since it’s their greatest area of growth, then why are they losing money here?

 

Revenue from First-Class Mail and Marketing Mail decreased $309 million and $248 million, respectively, due largely to lower volumes. Revenue from the Shipping and Packages business increased $505 million, or 9.3 percent, during the quarter. (USPS)

So is Amazon to blame? Amazon uses the USPS for less than 50% of it’s shipping. The postal service’s failure to anticipate and take advantage of their changing business model is the same reason many business’ fail. Restructure your parcel delivery service, reprice, seperate it from personal and marketing letter carriers. Cut waste. Cut waste. A dedicated parcel delivery service should be competitive with the likes of UPS and US Express, with a true cost pricing structure. Or  ( Privitize by The Hill).

E-Commerce is on a roll, not just your local megastores but non-stores:

 

Non-Store-PP
 

From: Kantar Retail

 

 

Do they pay State taxes, harm the USPS profits, yada, yada, yada.

Craftsmen, Vegetable stands, Street Vendors, Vendor carts, Store fronts, Shopping Centers, Super Malls, Mailorder catelogs, Department Stores, SuperStores, e-commerse, SuperE-Commerce. Evolution is a bitch for the past species.

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Evolution

Where do you want to shop:

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ralph repo Toy Vendor
13625837383_0e667a71e5_z
Toronto History Kensington Market
5840119134_c286bf0b5c_z
Ikhlasul Amal Street Shoes Store
Martin R woolworths
Public Market: Brian Glanz
6280173795_d431d69d73_o
Woolworths Tommyis18 S

 

14512597012_f929ceb023_z
Woolworths BC: Rob

 

 

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springwools online shopping

 

Headline Featured Image:Marcelo Braga by Obrigado, correios

 

by James Kirk-Wiggins, April 4, 2018

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Peace Possible   One Free Press        Equinox        State of the Nation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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THE UNFRIENDING

Call in Google and Twitter’s Intuitive Genius’ and grill them on personal information security and their targeted slowing and altering links, comments, since Net Neutrality has fallen.


The Unfriending of Facebook

ANTITRUST2

Facebook’s intuitive genius (IG) CEO, MARC FUDPUCKER, faces Congress April 10th to a thrilling grilling. MORE, MORE, PLEASE, GRILL, GRILL>> FB IG on actions since FCC’s repeal of the Net Neutrality rules if FB slowed, blocked, or interfered with a posting of links and articles on FB pages!!! Also, call in Google and Twitter’s Intuitive Genius’ and grill them on personal information security and their targeted slowing and altering links, comments, since Net Neutrality has fallen.
Facebook has been accused of data selling since 2014 in various media reports. Yet, “Facebook doesn’t sell information” shouts the FB IG. However, a company called Cambridge Analytics acquired Facebook data. Their ex-VP said he didn’t know of Cambridge Analytics buying Facebook data. Similar to an ex-marketing FB executive saying they didn’t sell any data. Too many X’s. Not to be confused with the country and western song.

 

(psst, you knew THEY somehow had to make this about Trump, rumors abound that Analytics was selling user data to the Trump organization during the election campaign) OH HOGWASH, MORE EDITED PROPAGANDA! Makes me want to spit. FAKE NEWS!

 

 FEATURED IMAGE:    ricardo7227  Creative Commons License  (Jennifer Christine Harris Arrested- Facebook Unfriending Motive In Alleged Home Arson)

 

Jim Kirk-Wiggins, April 9, 2018  cc by

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A President’s First Years

The division of the nation was significant, and wasn’t along traditional geographical or past political lines.

A President’s First Years – Who? A Riddle

 

During the first year, there was a large turnover in many Government departments. Many supported (the opposition). Some resigned or were replaced by the new administration.

The division of the nation was significant, and wasn’t along traditional geographical or past political lines. Many foreign deplomats and persons remaining in various governmental agencies were undependable and would forward any information they thought significant to (the opposition).

Intelligence officers tracked communications, opened and inspected various forms of communications, including mail, looking for leaks, intelligence information and criminal activity. The heads of national intelligence often exceeded authority, without due process, and many excesses. Numerous changes in leadership of these departments were removed and others appointed.

News reports, numerous in opposition to the new administration, came under close scruitiny over negative or stories disloyal to the President. The identified media was supressed in various methods.

The various intelligence departments were often in opposition to each other, one was often investigating the other. Arrest were made by special civil and military agents. Police commissioners and some local state politicians were in directly defying the new administration. There was also a shakeup among high level military General officers.

Is this an adquate explanation of the new Trump Administration? Visit Google Plus Communities; “The State of the Nation” for full explanation of the new administration.

 

By James Kirk-Wiggins, April 8, 2018.

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Featured

THE UNFRIENDING

Call in Google and Twitter’s Intuitive Genius’ and grill them on personal information security and their targeted slowing and altering links, comments, since Net Neutrality has fallen.


The Unfriending of Facebook

ANTITRUST2

Facebook’s intuitive genius (IG) CEO, MARC FUDPUCKER, faces Congress April 10th to a thrilling grilling. MORE, MORE, PLEASE, GRILL, GRILL>> FB IG on actions since FCC’s repeal of the Net Neutrality rules if FB slowed, blocked, or interfered with a posting of links and articles on FB pages!!! Also, call in Google and Twitter’s Intuitive Genius’ and grill them on personal information security and their targeted slowing and altering links, comments, since Net Neutrality has fallen.

 
Facebook has been accused of data selling since 2014 in various media reports. Yet, “Facebook doesn’t sell information” shouts the FB IG. However, a company called Cambridge Analytics acquired Facebook data. Their ex-VP said he didn’t know of Cambridge Analytics buying Facebook data. Similar to an ex-marketing FB executive saying they didn’t sell any data. Too many X’s. Not to be confused with the country and western song.

 

(psst, you knew THEY somehow had to make this about Trump, rumors abound that Analytics was selling user data to the Trump organization during the election campaign) OH HOGWASH, MORE EDITED PROPAGANDA! Makes me want to spit. FAKE NEWS!

 

 FEATURED IMAGE:    ricardo7227  Creative Commons License  (Jennifer Christine Harris Arrested- Facebook Unfriending Motive In Alleged Home Arson)

 

Jim Kirk-Wiggins, April 8, 2018  cc by

Writer; One Free Press

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SPIES, LIES, AND TYRANNY, THE CIVIL WAR FILES

intelligence gathering, prisoner ‘questioning’, treason both foreign and domestic and all the dirty, illegal, immoral stuff parts of the US government haS committed

 Black Ops, Tyranical Secret police, Spies, Treasons, Missing persons, and establishing a Federal Income Tax; During The War Between The States.

 

The Following 17 pages of Freedom of Information Act released; previously non-public government documents are on the Civil War. Primarily my impression is it centers on intelligence gathering, prisoner ‘questioning’, treason both foreign and domestic and all the dirty, illegal, immoral stuff parts of the US government had committed; that has happened in the closing of the 20th century and into the 21st century. “There is nothing new under the sun.” I see several movies here…but why did they wait until 2010 to release document from 1860-1864? Embarassing and revealing, and history has never been more interesting. Enjoy. I’ll dig through the infested web of government documents and…..  I will provide more secrets for you.

I feel I must say this in defense of Abraham Lincoln. (besides a reference a person received an appointment by blackmailing Lincoln) I find that Lincoln was an honerable, and conscienscious man. Beginning his Presidency with our Republic being split apart, on the brink of war, and surrounded by Southern sympatheisers everywhere. Our Europeon allies were almost all directly supplying cash and weapons to the South, buying King Cotton. But his heart, I believe so far, was true to America and ending slavery. It also shows it’s not how rough your Presidency starts but how it ends. He did give his Second inaugural address only 4 days before his death though. Yet he kept America united, ended slavery, and was successful at defeating a viril and powerful enemy, moreso than you have been led to believe.

I suggest you read Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Speech. I came away from it with a greater understanding of Mr. Lincoln and great respect.

Printed Government Content Type: OPEN SOURCE  CIA/FOIA reading room document heading. Refer end of content.


FOURTH SESSION: THE CIVIL WAR

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FOURTH SESSION

Abraham Lincoln was elected President of the United States on November 6, 1860. Six weeks later, South Carolina seceded from the Union. Four more states seceded in January 1861. By the time Lincoln was inaugurated, March 4, 1861, six states had withdrawn from the Union, formed the Confederate States of America and inaugurated as its president a former Secretary of War and, until his resignation, a member of the U.S. Senate–Jefferson Davis. Lincoln had been in the White House only a week when the Confederate States of America adopted its Constitution. A month later, Confederate troops under General Beauregard captured Fort Sumter at Charleston, South Carolina. President Lincoln declared the existence of an insurrection, issued a call for troops and ordered a blockade of southern ports. In the wake of Lincoln’s reaction, four more states, for a total of ten, joined the secession. The first federal income tax law was passed by Congress and the president was authorized to strengthen the army with volunteers. With these moves, political, financial, commercial and domestic bonds which for seventy years had joined the North and South were ripped asunder. In Washington, every department of government fell into disorganization as employees resigned to join the southern movement. Members of both houses, cabinet officers and judges volunteered their services to the new nation. U.S. Ministers and Consuls abroad resigned their posts and hurried home to support the Confederate cause. The division of the nation was not along geographic lines. There were thousands in the north who believed sincerely in the justice of the southern cause. There were also northern businessmen with established ties to commerce below the Mason-Dixon line who would continue to supply the south with the money, materials of war and supplies it would need to sustain itself. Lincoln, new to the Presidency had another problem. As an author would note in 1862: “The diplomatic corps abroad and the incumbents of office at the North were most of them inclined to thwart the action of the new administration, and in their train was a large number of active men on whom the government could not depend . . . The new administration found itself completely in the power of the secession party, and all its secrets, from the cabinet debates to the details of orders, were known in the South. The business of the departments, the judiciary, the army and navy, and the offices were filled with persons who were eagerly watching to catch up and transmit every item of information that might aid the Confederacy, or thwart the government.” Congress had not anticipated the emergency and made no provision for it. President Lincoln, exercising his Constitutional powers to suppress insurrection, acted quickly. All communications between the North and South were watched carefully. Records of all telegraph messages with the South for the preceding year were seized for intelligence exploitation. Postal regulations were changed to permit examination of the mails. Police chiefs in northern cities were requested to trail and arrest suspected persons. Newspapers printing editorials construed as containing sentiments disloyal to the Union were suppressed. The writ of habeas corpus was suspended in many places, and all persons believed to be aiding the South in any way were arrested by special civil and military agents and placed in military custody. The police commissioners of Baltimore were arrested, as was a portion of the Maryland legislature. Soon the prisons were overflowing with prisoners of state and distracted

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wardens complained that they had no room for more. In 1862, President Lincoln was anxious to return to a more normal course of administration and issued an order for the release on parole of all political and state prisoners, except those detained as spies or otherwise inimical to public safety. From that time, important arrests were made only under the direction of the military authorities. The organization for wartime security and intelligence was not complex. Each military department commander devised projects, assigned missions, and appointed their own chief detective to recruit soldiers and civilians for espionage and investigation. Some department commanders directed intelligence personally, others delegated to their provost marshal, their signal officer, their chief of staff, etc. In addition, the War Department employed special agents reporting directly to the Secretary. From the beginning, Washington, D.C. was one of the centers of intense Federal investigative activity. The city was filled with persons suspected of supplying information to the Confederates; fatal secrets dropped at parties were sent, as were maps and plans from Federal offices. The only regular troops near the capital were three or four hundred marines at the Marine Barracks and perhaps a hundred enlisted men of ordnance at the Washington Arsenal. The only armed volunteer organizations consisted of two companies of riflemen, a skeleton infantry battalion of 160 men and a small National Guard unit. The units were mobilizing and new ones were being formed. One, the National Rifles had over one hundred men and was adding to its rolls daily. It had a full supply of rifles, two mountain howitzers, sabers, revolvers and ammunition, and was drilling every night. A Federal detective who had penetrated the unit reported that the commanding officer was encouraging his men to take the weapons and ammunition home for the day it would be mobilized for a single mission, the seizure of the U.S. Treasury Department. Another group, the National Volunteers was found to be discussing openly the seizure of the Federal capital. Both units were neutralized and broken up. PtnkerWnOngon m”L In April 1861, Major General George B. McClellan, the vice president of the Illinois Central Railroad, was appointed to head the Ohio Militia. Named to head his intelligence office in Cincinnati was Major E. J. Allen, the nom de guerre of Allan Pinkerton, a Chicago- based private detective who had conducted confidential investigations for McClellan in the past and who had, until recently, been working as a government detective in Washington. [Some years would elapse before EJ. Allen’s true identity as Pinkerton would be revealed.] After the Confederate victory at Bull Run, McClellan was promoted to command the Union Forces, and Pinkerton accompanied him to Washington, tasked with both espionage and counterespionage. He conducted a full-fledged secret service activity in the Army of the Potomac’s field of operations and his performance in counterintelligence appears to have been very effective. In fact, Pinkerton provided the principal detective force in Washington from the summer of 1861 through 1862. Pinkerton maintained daily contact with and made reports to the President, the Secretary of War, the Provost Marshal General and the general- in-chief of the armies. He found his staff insufficient for the job at hand and one of his greatest problems was the recruitment of new agents. Pinkerton’s field intelligence efforts have been given high marks, but his analytical method evidences consistent overestimation of enemy strength and capability which fed McClellan’s penchant for cautiousness and inaction. In November 1862, after Antietam, McClellan was relieved of command and Major General Ambrose Burnside was appointed to command the Army of the Potomac. Pinkerton was indignant at the treatment of McClellan, and left Washington with him, to spend the remainder of the war investigating fraud and war claims against the government. Eleven

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members of the Pinkerton organization continued in operation in Washington for a while, but dwindled thereafter. Following the war, Pinkerton was not spared the views of detractors. Ward H. Lamon, a friend of Lincoln, alleged that the Baltimore assassination plot supposedly foiled by Pinkerton in 1861 was a fiction invented by Pinkerton to further his ambitions. Another was that Pinkerton had contacted an agent in Richmond through couriers known to the South, resulting in the agent’s execution. Baker O mhaq The Federal Government was, in the beginning, lacking any organized secret services. The Department of State, the Department of War and the Department of the Navy each attempted to deal with the loyalty issue, but the greater share of the effort fell to the Department of State. Secretary Seward sent a force of detectives into Canada and along the frontier to intercept all communications between the British Dominion and the Confederacy. He assigned other agents to investigate industry in an effort to stop the flow of materials from them to the South. And, Seward appointed Lafayette C. Baker to conduct War Department investigations under State Department supervision. Baker, whose grandfather was one of the Green Mountain Boys killed by the British on a spying mission near Montreal during the American Revolution, was a veteran of the California Vigilance Committee, had completed a colorful and successful mission into the South, had been recruited by the Confederacy-or so they thought-and dispatched back to Washington. Baker had reported on suspicious persons in Baltimore, followed by a short tour watching and arresting Confederate agents at Niagara Falls, before the Washington assignment. He served under direction of the Department of State until February 1862, when the strong-willed Edwin H. Stanton became Secretary of War and had Baker’s organization transferred to his jurisdiction. Baker was commissioned a colonel and made responsible for the organization of the First District of Columbia Cavalry, a regiment employed in defense and regulation of the Nation’s capital. Despite his colorful postwar memoirs, Baker’s responsibilities dealt chiefly with matters that had little to do with the active conduct of the war or positive intelligence collection. Rather, he focused on domestic counterintelligence, fraud and criminal investigation: he took charge of abandoned Confederate property, investigated fraudulent practices of contractors, assisted the newly-formed Secret Service in the Treasury Department in unearthing counterfeiters, and did more than anyone to suppress bounty-jumpers, the latter a serious problem made worse by Confederate manipulation. But, it was Baker’s domestic security or counterintelligence effort that gained him a reputation, probably deserved, for high-handed methods, illegal arrests and star-chamber legal proceedings against those suspected of disloyalty. He dispatched agents to Canada, had a small field office in New York for liaison with the police, and his men traveled the North making arrests. Officially, his title was Provost Marshal of the War Department [not Provost Marshal General as were his counterparts in the geographical departments and field armies]. His chain of command was actually through a colonel who relayed orders from Major Levi C . Turner, Judge Advocate of the War Department. Baker preferred to call his organization the National Detective Police Department, a term happily exploited by the press in reporting its successes and failures, but there appears to have been no legal authority behind the tide. There was no precedent for what Baker’s organization might or might not do in making the friend or foe determination. His agents were often charged with being corrupt, but then it must be remembered that the Civil War was a time when far too many high military and government officials were involved with respected businessmen in deals so corrupt they bordered on treason and aiding and abetting

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the enemy. Lucius Crittenden, Registrar of the Treasury said later of Baker: “He took into he service … men who claimed to have any aptitude for detective work, without recommendation, investigation, or any inquiry, beyond his own inspection, which he claimed immediately disclosed to him the character and abilities of the applicant. How large his regiment ultimately grew is uncertain, but at time he asserted that it exceeded two thousand men. With this force at his command, protected against interference from the judicial authorities, Baker became a law unto himself. He instituted a veritable Reign of Terror. He dealt with every accused person in the same manner; with a reputable citizen as with a deserter or a thief. He did not recognize the formality of written charges; it was quite sufficient for any person to suggest to Baker that a citizen might be doing something that was against the law. He was immediately arrested, handcuffed, and brought to Baker’s office, at that time in the basement of the Treasury. There he was subject to browbeating examination, in which Baker is said to rival in impudence some head of the criminal bar. This examination was repeated, as often as he chose. Most were kept in their rooms for weeks, without warrant, affidavit or any semblance of authority … He always lived at the first hotels, had an abundance of money, and I am sure did more to disgust good citizens and bring the government to disrepute than the strongest opponents of the [detective] system had ever predicted.” Congressional complaints made against Baker following the war focused on his excesses during the war, or as one put it “this miserable wretch … held … in the hollow of his hand, the liberties of the American people.” It was alleged that he had forged letters used in the impeachment attempt against President Johnson and that he had extended his counterintelligence network into the White House itself. The Baker organization was dissolved to coincide with Baker’s dismissal by President Andrew Johnson. [It should be noted here that for a period of some eighteen months the Baker and Pinkerton organizations existed side by side, yet were entirely separate. In fact, there are at least two cases where members of one were under surveillance or arrested by agents of the other. Neither was J g “secret service” each claimed in his memoirs, and neither had the authority claimed in those post-war volumes. If there is to be any comparison between the two groups it might be in the form of a simple statistic: reports of Confederate espionage successes around Washington were more numerous for the period from June 1863 onwards (under Lafayette Baker) than for the year preceding Pinkerton’s departure and the months immediately following it.] Burnside failed to fill the Pinkerton vacancy, and it was not until January 1863 when Major General Joseph “Fighting Joe” Hooker replaced Burnside that the situation was remedied; Hooker, who is also credited with developing an effective combat intelligence and cavalry reconnaissance activity, appointed a young volunteer colonel, George H. Sharpe, to be deputy provost marshal and to direct the activities of the Bureau of Information. Sharpe organized a headquarters staff group which actually functioned as a centralized intelligence agency in the field; for the first time in the nation’s history commanders could receive intelligence that had been evaluated by experienced military and civilian personnel who had access to the body of intelligence flowing to Sharpe’s bureau. It continuously had agents, resident and transient, in Confederate territory and took over management of the Richmond ring at the beginning of the siege of the Confederate capital.

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The Sharpe organization had its own scouting capabilities [Sharpe employed some 200 spies and scouts, although they were listed as “guides” for payroll purposes, but even here the so-called guides were frequently behind Confederate lines wearing Confederate uniforms], maintained liaison detachments with neighboring commands, and provided a digest of information from all sources–prisoners, deserters, refugees, newspapers, scouts, cavalry, balloonists, Signal Corps observation posts and intercepts and dispatches from distant commands. As one writer has noted, “All this was not essentially different from the work of Pinkerton’s earlier organization, but the products resembled Pinkerton’s reports about as much as Hooker’s personality resembled McClellan’s.” The Sharpe organization gained a reputation of trust and accuracy in its reports and estimates, and in October 1863, Sharpe was breveted Major General and appointed Assistant Provost Marshal of the Armies Operating Against Richmond. His assistant, Major John C. Babcock, a former member of the Pinkerton organization, was named military intelligence chief for the Army of the Potomac under General Meade. Wi Wood Another valuable agent in the War Department was William P. Wood, superintendent of the Old Capitol Prison in Washington. As a result of his daily contact with political and military prisoners he missed no opportunity to gain the sort of information they might impart, be it the plans of the armies or the workings of the Confederate government. His reports to the Secretary of War were viewed as among the most helpful to reach the War Department. [After the war, Wood gained appointment as the first chief of the US. Secret Service, Department of the Treasury, a post left unfilled throughout the conflict.] Major Allot J. Myer Following the Federal defeat at Bull Run, Major Albert J. Myer submitted a proposal that the War Department establish a separate Signal Corps to take charge of all telegraphic duty for the Army and that specially equipped signal cars accompany every army into the field. Myers’ signals organization soon had its role enlarged to include the coordination of intelligence reports and maintaining a central file for reports of interrogation of refugees, deserters and prisoners for cross-checking intelligence. By 1863, the Army had some thirty signals trains in operation and, unilateral to Myer’s operation, established a civilian organization, the United States Military Telegraph, a thinly-guised extension of the American Telegraph Company. Myer protested, and was promptly relieved and sent to Cairo, Illinois, to await further orders. His successor, Lieutenant Colonel William J. L Nicodemus, fell after issuing an annual report for the Signal Corps in which he objected that Signal instruction was being discontinued at the U.S. Military Academy and protested that field telegraph lines should be returned to military control. The report leaked before it reached the Secretary of War. He dismissed Nicodemus and seized all copies of the report and the press on which it had been printed. [Five months later Nicodemus was reinstated by President Lincoln; In 1867, President Johnson appointed then-Colonel Myer to be the Chief Signal Officer of the Army.] The War Dq aibnent Telegraph Offs e Union cryptologic efforts were centered mainly in the War Department Telegraph Office in Washington. The humble effort was the channel through which President Lincoln received the intercepts of enemy communications, and in a sense became co-opted by the secret intelligence. David Homer Bates, manager of the office put it this way: “At times his anxiety would lead him to ask whether there was anything of importance coming through the mill.” He also trusted the security of the installation when considering secret matters and, in fact, drafted the Emancipation Proclamation there. Each day after working on the vital document, Bates recalls, Lincoln would leave it secured in the code room to protect it from advance

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disclosure by those who would attempt to thwart it. Bates also tells the story of Lincoln’s concern with the protection of sources and methods. A Confederate courier had been “doubled” by the Union, allowing the North to read dispatches he carried between Richmond and its agents in Canada. One of the messages seriously implicated the Canadian Government and Britain in covert support of the Confederate States. Secretary of War Stanton was insistent that the actual message be removed from the Southern pouch for later use as documentary evidence in supporting a U.S. demand for damages from the United Kingdom. Assistant Secretary of War Charles Dana, an experienced newspaper editor in private life, opposed the idea, fearing that to remove the document rather than just copy it would compromise the double-agent operation and end Union access to the Confederate traffic. The issue was carried to President Lincoln. Lincoln ordered that the critical document be returned to the pouch and the courier sent on his way. With protection of sources and methods out of the way, Lincoln then ordered that the courier be intercepted in Virginia and the pouch seized. The President’s final step, which also proved successful, was to facilitate a believable escape of the courier, in a hail of bullets, from Old Capitol Prison and a widely-advertised reward for the Confederate agent’s recapture. Following the war, the Telegraph Office moved to an obscure Maryland town, Annapolis Junction, the present location of the National Security Agency. The Aaariaut Carew Although sketch artists had been transported above the battle in Europe, the Civil War saw the first communication between such aerial observers and the ground by electric telegraph. The effort was the brainchild of Professor Thaddeus S.C. Lowe who convinced War Department officials that it could be applied. in the field. So effective was the overhead reconnaissance effort, that General Beauregard found it necessary to direct cover and concealment and to instruct that, wherever possible, deceptive expedients be employed to mislead the balloonists of the Federal Aeronaut Corps. It all came to an end in 1863 when Lowe resigned after the battle of Chancellorsville because of personality clashes, serious administrative problems and arguments over command responsibility. Some say that Lowe’s continued nattering for more money was the real cause. [Significantly, although aerial photography had been demonstrated successfully in 1860, it was never employed during the war by either side.] Mdim Scours Another noteworthy development in connection with military intelligence during the Civil War was the formal creation of Indian Scout units as part of the United States Army. Originally conceived in 1864 as the Pawnee Scouts for use in engagements against the Sioux, its use was expanded for reconnaissance to detect Confederate movements into Kansas. The original company of 100 men was soon expanded into a batallion of 200 men distributed for duty along the Union Pacific railway. The Pawnee Scouts were formally mustered from the service in 1877. The Feidaal Ingot Savice of FiorW In 1861, Henry S. Sanford, U.S. Minister to Belgium and a close friend of Secretary of State Seward, received a new task: “To counteract by all proper means the efforts of Confederate agents in Europe to gain recognition of the Confederate States.” Sanford, in charge of Federal espionage in Europe, quickly established a surveillance system under the operational control of U.S. consular agents and took other measures to frustrate Confederate efforts. An indication of the successes of the Sanford’s Federal Intelligence Service and some of

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its weaknesses are revealed in the justified complaints of James D. Bulloch, the Confederacy’s naval purchasing agent in Europe: “The extent to which the system of bribery and spying has been and continues to be practiced by agents of the United States in Europe is scarcely credible. The servants of gentlemen supposed to have Southern sympathies are tampered with, confidential clerks, and even messengers from telegraph offices, are bribed to betray their trust, and I have lately been informed that the British and French Post Offices, hitherto considered immaculate, are now scarcely safe modes of communication.” “The Consular agents of the United States had already begun to practice an inquisitive system of espionage, and it was soon manifest that the movements of those who were supposed to be agents of the Confederate Government were closely and vigilantly watched. Men known to be private detectives in the employ of the United States Consul were often seen prowling about the dockyards, and questioning the employees of Messrs. Laird and Miller in reference to the two vessels … I soon learned that a private detective named Maguire had taken an interest in my personal movements.” [Agent Matthew Maguire was, indeed, specifically detailed to keep track of Bulloch’s movements.] “The spies of the United States are numerous, active and unscrupulous. They invade the privacy of families, tamper with the confidential clerks or merchants, and have succeeded in converting a portion of the police of this country into secret agents of the United States, who have practiced a prying watchfulness over the movements and business of individuals, intolerably vexatious, which has excited the disgust and openly expressed indignation of many prominent Englishmen, and the frequent criticism of what portion of the British press which is really neutral. These practices, though wholly inconsistent with the spirit of justice and the fundamental principles of constitutional government are directly countenanced and encouraged by the present Ministry, and the rights of British subjects are violated, and their pecuniary interests damaged by the seizure of property in their hands upon the affidavits of persons who have already perjured themselves before her Majesty’s Courts.” “Mere suspicion is not, I regret to say, the basis of Mr. Dayton’s [Dayton was the U.S. Minister to France] protest [about French construction of ships of war for the Confederacy]. He has furnished the French Government with copies of certain letters alleged to have passed between the builders which go to show that the ships are for us. The confidential clerk who has had charge of the correspondence of M. Voruz, one of the parties to the contracts, has disappeared, and has unfortunately carried off some letters and papers relating to the business. M. Voruz has not yet discovered the full extent-to which he has been robbed, but is using every effort to trace the theft to its source, and to discover how far he can prove the complicity on the part of United States officials.” [The alleged complicity was never proved; I would suspect it is now safe to admit that the clerk was an Alsatian named Petermann, and that we paid him 15,000 francs for the stolen papers.] “Men who are employed as spies, or who are paid to give evidence in regard to matters upon which they can have no personal knowledge except what they may have acquired by

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dishonest and unworthy means are easily exposed in the witness box …The proceedings in the case of the Alexandra had exposed the extent and unscrupulous character of the system of espionage the United States officials had established in this country.” After the Alexandra case was heard in the British courts, despite Bulloch’s accurate assessment of the poor character of the Federal witnesses and the perjury of their testimony, he acknowledged to Richmond that it was obvious that no other ships could be sent out from the shipyards of England. Yet, Bulloch’s efforts were not totally frustrated by the Federal agents. The Atlanta, later renamed the C.C.S. Tallahassee and later the Chameleon, did not arouse the suspicions of the Federal agents, sailed from England unmolested, and captured 29 U.S. vessels. Another time, Bulloch learned that the British, on the basis of Federal affidavits, was preparing to seize the Enrica, Bulloch arranged a party on board and took guests on a trial run. After lunch the guests were put ashore, a crew boarded, and the ship put to sea. As the C.S.S. Alabama, it sank or took prizes of no less than 66 ships. All in all, 111 ships made the escape. Some were iron clads intended for combat, others were expendable blockade-runners. The most important success of the Federal agents was preventing the sailing of three rams, ostensibly being built in Britain for the Egyptian Government. James P. Baxter, in his Introduction of Iron Clad Warships: “If the rams had put to sea the South would probably have won its independence, and the North would almost certainly declared war on Britain.” Other Union operations in Europe ranged from covert action visits by influential persons designed to influence the political decisions of Britain and France, to the dispatch of bankers armed with a million dollars in bonds in an attempt to make preclusive purchase of war materiel destined for the Confederacy. Thurlow Weed, for example, persuaded Napoleon not to denounce the closure of Charleston harbor by reminding him of the French destruction of the harbor at Dunkirk. Others sent for similar purposes included Archbishop John Joseph Hughes, the founder of St. John’s College; Bishop Pettit Mcllvane, former chaplain of the U.S. Senate; and George Washington Schuyler, a prominent banker and merchant in New York. Similar agents were sent to Canada and the Mediterranean to thwart Confederate moves there. Perhaps the most colorful operation was the Federal move to recruit General Guiseppe Garibaldi, the greatest guerrilla fighter and symbol of national unification of the time; Garibaldi, liberator of the enslaved and oppressed. The plan was to offer Garibaldi the rank of Major General and convert him into a Civil War version of Lafayette. The plan had many purposes: first, Garibaldi was a competent officer and General Winfield Scott whom he was to replace was not; second, it was a clear-cut psychological warfare move to convince the world and the South, of the liberating nature of the Federal Army; and last, it would draw recruits to the Army from the masses of European emigres who had theretofore shown no motivation or interest in subscribing to the Union cause. The mission was so sensitive at the time that all reference to it was withheld from the Department of State volume, Diplomatic Correspondence of the War, published by Congress long after the event. Henry S. Sanford was given the assignment of persuading Garibaldi “to add the glory of aiding in the preservation of the American Union to the many honors which the General of Italy has already won in the cause of human Freedom.” Sanford was empowered to expend one thousand pounds sterling to pay the expenses of Garibaldi and his suite, and to expand the line of credit with European banking houses if additional funds were needed to sway the General. On September 7, 1861, Sanford, using an assumed name to enforce the secrecy of his

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mission, chartered a small steamer and sailed for the island of Caprera where Garibaldi lived in semi-retirement. Unfortunately, Garibaldi’s demands exceeded what Sanford had to offer. He asked that he be named Commander-in-Chief of the Union forces and be given the contingent power of declaring the abolition of slavery. To make matters worse, for political motives related to the situation in Italy, Garibaldi’s aides leaked the news of the American offer. As expected, the Italian press urged Garibaldi not to go to America, the European press both endorsed and ridiculed the idea, and in America the press seemed equally divided. A regiment of Americans of Italian descent, recruited in New York, marched off to do battle as the “Garibaldi Brigade.” A year later, the matter arose again, but this time supposedly not at the instruction of Lincoln or Seward. Theodore Canisius, the American consul at Vienna who had gained the post through subtle blackmail of Lincoln, wrote to Garibaldi, renewing the offer. Garibaldi recently wounded in an abortive march on Rome was in prison. His captors thought it a great way to get rid of the general without prejudice to the interests of Italy and a way to help the United States. Garibaldi got the message. He gave up on the demand to be Commander-in- Chief, but held firmly to the requirement that he be permitted to free the slaves. Canisius proudly leaked his role in the affair to the press. Seward fired him for leaking the operation, then reinstated Canisius at the request of the Italian cabinet. But, for Garibaldi it was all to late. Lincoln had issued his preliminary Emancipation proclamation, the war had moved past the point where an inspirational hero was important to victory. Union concerns were now focused on fixed battles, not guerilla warfare, and its current fears were of invasion by ironclad vessels being built for the Confederacy in England. When Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, Garibaldi wrote him a letter of congratulations. There is no indication that Lincoln ever replied.

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7 he C Obdante SYatas of America Not only the Government in Washington, but the whole world, was astounded that the new Confederacy could bring at once into the field a military force superior in numbers to the standing army of the United States. Both the North and the South were absurdly unprepared at the beginning of the war; Neither side had truly believed that sectional antagonisms would ever flare into armed conflict. The Confederate States never had secret-service type organizations as were developed by the Federal Government during the war, and yet it is probably true that in the matter of obtaining needed military information, the Confederacy was, as a whole, better served than was the North. Many of the functions of the Federal services were unnecessary in the South. It was practically free of the problem facing the North in regard to the loyalty of its populace, and the full weight of its intelligence resources could be applied to the field and in the North, rather than maintaining a quasi-police state at home. The key intelligence figure in Richmond appears to have been General John Winder, son of the defender of Washington in the War of 1812 who had been dismissed because he retreated. General Winder, who served as Provost Marshal and acted directly under the Secretary of War, personally conducted a large-scale espionage and counterespionage system that fanned out from the Southern capital. Key to this operation was Colonel (later Brigadier General) Thomas Jordan, adjutant general of the Confederate forces under General Beauregard, who made arrangements with several Southern sympathizers at Washington for the transmission of war intelligence which in almost every instance proved to be extremely accurate. Just as Confederate spies had operated almost with impunity in wartime Washington, their colleagues were numerous and active in the various combat theaters throughout the war. General Robert E. Lee and his principal subordinate commanders all possessed extensive intelligence organizations–with J.E.B. Stuart said to have assembled a network that provided precise information of Federal strength and intentions. But they had no equal to the Sharpe organization in the North for the centralization and coordination of the intelligence product emerged throughout the conflict. Whereas the North initially was sorely deficient in cavalry, the South hit the ground riding. Fast moving reconnaissance units helped make up for the Confederacy’s shortages of arms, ammunition and supplies. A tribute to this military organization structure is the fact that the Confederate Army was never surprised in an important engagement of the war. The Signal Corps of the Confederate Army also played an important part in the espionage field, and even organized a “secret service branch” which established a line of agents from the Potomac to Washington during the fall of 1862 to help other agents enter and leave the United States, and to convey all manner of letters, documents and newspapers from the North to Richmond. Elaborate intelligence nets were devised to assure rapid delivery of Union papers to the capital of the Confederacy; the South had been quick to learn they were one of the best sources of information on the location, strength and disposition of the enemy’s forces. [President Davis is said to have received the Baltimore papers only a day late, and the New York papers the following day.] Those papers also served as a convenient vehicle for open-coded messages fr om its agents in the North. The Union’s weakness resulting from freedom of the press was not remedied until near the end of the war when effective censorship was imposed and the more irresponsible journalists curbed. The South eventually felt the need for a dedicated secret service bureau, forming one in Richmond in November 1864 when the war was almost over. Little is known of its activities;

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Judah Benjamin, Secretary of the Treasury, burned all the intelligence records before the collapse of Richmond’s defenses. About the only evidence of the shadow war, found serving as a paperweight on Jefferson Davis’ desk, was a lump of what appeared to be coal but in reality was a disguised explosive the Confederates had found effective in sabotaging trains and the boilers of ships. Throughout the war, the Confederacy had to depend on secret negotiations for recognition and the discreet purchase of the needs of war from Europe and from suppliers in Northern cities. As defeat drew near, for example, emissaries were sent to the Emperor Maximillian in Mexico with the proposal to form a confederacy of Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi and Arkansas which would be allowed to absorb much adjacent Mexican territory. Maximillian is reported to have listened favorably to the scheme, but the operation came to an abrupt end with Lee’s surrender. In France, agents of the Confederacy were afforded the full, but secret, support of Napoleon’s government, partly because of the Maximillian concept, but U.S. protests soon reversed the picture and France assumed a strict neutrality. [Later, we will learn of the activities of an unlikely agent in intimating to Napolean that the French troops in Mexico must be removed.] In Britain, popular support was for the Confederacy, and until American diplomatic representatives reminded Britain of the importance of wheat over cotton and threatened war, that country was a supply source for all that was needed by the South and provided a ready market for its cotton and cotton bills. In 1864, the Confederates attempted to persuade Pope Pius IX to exert his influence in stemming the flood of Irish Catholics being recruited in Ireland for service in the Federal Army. [Thousands were recruited by Federal agents in Ireland with the inducement of bonuses, others were recruited at the gang-plank as they first set foot in America. Immigrant recruiting was such that it was not unexpected when the Confederates captured entire units, none of the men of which could speak English.] But, it is another type of operation that distinguishes the Confederate services from those of the North. It falls into the category known in World War II as “morale operations.” Most were directed from Canada by Jacob Thompson, the former U.S. Secretary of Interior who served in the Confederate Army until 1863, then received the special missions assignment from President Jefferson Davis. His operations were to be funded by hundreds of thousands, and perhaps millions, of dollars from the sale of contraband cotton. In addition, when the Confederacy voted a five million dollar secret service fund in 1864, one million was allocated for the Canada-based operation. As the operation progressed additional funding was obtained by force from Northern banks, trains, express company safes and Federal Army payrolls. New York was a peculiar city during the war. Many of its merchants haft strong commercial ties to the South. Even the goods that clothed and restrained slaves had been shipped by businessmen in New York and its trade rivals, Boston and Philadelphia. The city’s banks held the South in mortgage, and had everything to lose if the Confederacy failed. In effect, it was a corrupt and cynical city, most of whose people didn’t care who won the war as long as they profited by it. In January 1861, for example, the mayor proposed that New York and Long Island secede from the Union and become a free port to trade with both sides. In 1863, Manhattan Island had a population of 813,669, of which more than 200,000 were Irish who had flocked to the city after the Potato Famine of 1848. As recent arrivals, these half-starved and desperate people had to contend with Negroes for the bottom jobs. Add to this smouldering cauldron Lincoln’s Draft bill of March 3, 1863, and some Confederate agents. There had been a brief outburst on April 13th when Irish workingmen attacked Negroes who were their rivals for jobs. Then what have become known as the “draft riots”

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Approved For Release 2010/07/01: CIA-RDP91-00587R000201000006-5 began, reaching epidemic proportions before spreading to Brooklyn, Jamaica, Staten Island, Jersey City, Newark, and then on to Troy, Boston and Portsmouth, New Hampshire. In New York, the mob brought terror to blacks, seized weapons and brought the conflict to a full- scale insurrection in which at least 1200 persons, and probably many more, died. In the wake of the riots several suspicious characters were determined to have been inciting the mobs. One, a young man who had been impaled on a fence, then carried away by the mob and never identified, was noted to have worn fine clothing underneath his rough workman’s garb. Another, John U. Andrews, a Virginian complete with a Southern accent, was arrested for incitement. He was sent to Fort Lafayette in New York Harbor, where he vanishes from history. One document indicates that he had been sent to Fort Warren in Boston Harbor, but that the U.S. Marshal in New York had asked that he be returned to New York for trial to silence rumors Andrews was a Federal Government agent provocateur as alleged in the Democratic press. Andrews was never heard from again. Another inciter, a New York dentist named Nelson Edwards was identified by five witnesses as exhorting the mobs to violence on several occasions, but there is no record of his ever being brought to trial. Another plot, to upset the gold market in the North, was ordered by Judah P. Benjamin. The plan was to get people in the North to convert their paper money into gold and then withdraw it from the market. A Confederate agent armed with $100,000 entered New York and began a cycle of purchasing gold, exporting it and then selling it for sterling bills of exchange and then converting the sterling for more gold. The operation resulted in the export of over two million dollars in gold at the expense to the Confederacy of less than $10,000. Confederate funds were also used to subvert certain Northern newspapers, notably the New York Daily News, whose editor offered to influence public opinion in favor the the Confederacy for $25,000. A much larger sum, $50,000 in gold, was spent in Illinois in an unsuccessful effort to elect James C. Robinson, the Peace Democrats’ candidate for governor in 1864. Robinson had promised that if elected he would place control of the militia and 60,000 stand of arms at the disposal of the Sons of Liberty. From France, the U.S. Consul reported that a man carrying fifteen million dollars in counterfeit U.S. currency was being sent to New York to bribe three hundred influential men and ward heelers to buy votes there. Twenty-one men, supplied with $110,000 in gold were sent to Canada in 1863. They planned to embark on one of the many lake passenger ships, overpower her officers and use the captured ship to take the U.S.S. Michigan, the only Federal gunboat on the lakes, then use the Michigan to free Confederate prisoners on Johnson’s Island near Sandusky, Ohio. An informer told the Canadian Government what was in contemplation, the information was relayed to Washington, and all the Lake cities put on guard. The plot had to be abandoned just as it was to be put into effect. In 1864, the plan was attempted again. A team boarded one of the lake ships, seized it, then captured another passenger steamer. They put the passengers ashore and headed for Johnson’s Island. The Michigan was posed as if for combat and the signal rockets which were to be fired from shore did not appear [the Confederate agent who was to have fired the rockets was already under arrest]. It was evident something had gone wrong [a Federal Detective posing as a former Confedrate officer had been been put in charge of a hotel in Windsor in which sixty Confederate expatriates resided; his reports of their daily conversations resulted in a detailed warning to Federal officials]. The team sailed the ship for the Canadian shore and burned it. In 1864, a team of agents launched a plan to burn New York in retaliation for the burning of Atlanta. Although Federal agents had been alerted by an informer, they failed to intercept the arsonists. After setting fires in hotels, a theater, Barnum’s and some river barges, the men left New York by sleeping car for Toronto. None were apprehended at the time, although later one was captured enroute to Richmond from Canada–and hanged–and another was

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captured trying to wreck a train at Buffalo–and also was hanged. Early in the war a band of Confederates boarded a steamer at Baltimore, with their leader in the guise of a heavily-veiled ailing French woman, and a milliner’s trunk loaded with weapons. They captured it, and sailed her out into the Chesapeake where they took two Northern vessels as prizes of war, then ran the ship up the Rappahannock and were rewarded with $45,000 for the ship. The mission was successful, but on the return journey the men were recognized by a passenger of the target vessel and captured. Another band of Confederates, disguised as wood-choppers, captured another Baltimore steamer, put the passengers ashore and ran the ship down the Chesapeake. On hearing the war had ended, they stripped and burned it. One plan, executed in 1864, was to sabotage Union supplies in the Midwest. Greek fire was used to destroy Federal stores at Louisville, Mattoon and St. Louis. Yet another plan to grab a ship involved a team that boarded a US. merchant ship in the port of Panama disguised as passengers. Their attempt was foiled, and they were sentenced to be hanged. On review, the question of the laws of war were discussed at length, and the sentences modified to life imprisonment or less. One of the most daring raids made by the Confederates was the invasion of Vermont from Canada in October 1864. The men raided St. Albans, Vermont, robbed the bank and hot-footed it back to Canada where authorities refused extradition requests, tried them and let them go free because popular sentiment in Canada was strongly in favor of the raiders. Another plan was to have the Confederate raider Tallahassee run into New York Harbor, set fire to shipping there, bombard the Brooklyn Navy Yard and then dash up the river to Long Island Sound. The plan never came off, and it was not until records of a secret Federal inquiry were released some eighty years later that the full extent of the mission was disclosed. The Tallahassee raid was actually to be part of an even larger scheme. During the summer of 1864, a number of Confederate topographers had been sent to the Maine Coast to pose as artists while they mapped isolated bays and harbors. Troops were to be brought to Maine by blockade runners, there to be joined by more Confederate troops from Canada Before the plan could be executed, three of the men connected with it were captured trying to hold up a bank. One of them made a complete confession, ending Confederate aspirations of seizing Maine. Another plan to free the prisoners on Johnson’s Island near Sandusky was to be launched from Canada Provided with $25,000 in gold and a cargo of cotton, the.expedition landed at Halifax, sold the cargo for $76,000, then dispersed. They arrived individually at Montreal, took separate lodging and refrained from recognizing each other on the streets. There they purchased a nine-pounder cannon and one hundred Colt revolvers and ammunition. To avoid suspicion they purchased dumbbells to substitute for cannon balls and butcher knives to be used as cutlasses. The plan was to ship the arms to St. Catherine’s in boxes labeled as machinery destined for Chicago. There the arms and the raiders, disguised as mechanics and laborers in search of employment at the Chicago water works, would go aboard a lake vessel which would be captured once it left port. The cannon would be mounted and the vessel headed for Johnson’s Island. There, as if by accident, the vessel would collide with the Federal gunboat Michigan. The raiders would board the gunboat and take possession of her. In the midst of the excitement then spreading throughout the Northern frontier, a Confederate sympathizer in Montreal panicked and revealed the plans to the Canadian government. As Canadian officials descended on St. Catherine’s, the team made its escape, leaving the boxes

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of “machinery” to be seized by officers of the Crown. Yet, I have saved the most overwhelming operation for last–the so-called Northwest Conspiracy. The South was aware that the midwestern states, including Lincoln’s home state of Illinois, were not in sympathy with the war. Most of their lucrative trade with the South had been destroyed when the Federal Navy closed the Mississippi River. Word was received in Richmond of an impending revolt in Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin, Michigan, Iowa and Ohio which would result in the secession of those states to form a new, independent government. Soon word was received from one of Morgan’s secret agents of “a perfect organization all over the North for the purpose of revolution,” and contact was made with a delegation from the secret society, which claimed 490,000 members who were prepared support a “northwestern republic.” It was a move born of frustration. The South had been hoping for a negotiated peace, and Thompson had met with an emissary of Secretary of War Stanton. Stanton fearing Lincoln would be defeated by the Peace Democrats in his bid for reelection, had believed that the President’s only chance to stave off defeat was to open negotiations with the Confederate Government. The emissary told Thompson that Stanton would make the Southern States secure in their rights if this could be done without the “ultimatim of separation.” But, unfortunately, the story of the emissary’s meetings with Thompson leaked to the press, Stanton was forced to deny any role in the overtures and the negotiations were discontinued. By then, Stanton’s fear of a Lincoln defeat also had diminished; the mood in the North was changing quickly as the 1864 elections drew near. The Peace Democrats were losing ground rapidly, and it now appeared that Lincoln would win at the polls. As one Confederate noted at the time: “The temper of the Northern public mind seems to me to be as unstable, unregulated and wild as that of any savage race. It is gov;rned by hope or fear, or some other selfish passion and not by reason or virtue. They will fight us until we are destroyed or they are exhausted . . Other peace efforts involving Horace Greeley, editor and publisher of the New York Tribune, as an intermediary also had met with failure because Greeley, in his enthusiasm for ending the war, had not been entirely honest with either the Confederates or President Lincoln in conveying the terms of each. Other intelligence indicated nothing could be accomplished toward a negotiated peace because immense profits were being derived by influential figures in the North who stood to gain even more from a continuance of the conflict. The Confederacy agreed to fund the secret society. The group called itself the Secret Order of the Sons of Liberty. Clement Vallandigham, an Ohio congressman who had been banished to the Confederacy for interfering with the draft and his speeches in opposition to the war, was then in Canada and had been elected the Order’s “Supreme Commander.” Confederate agents handling the operation soon confirmed the group had more than two hundred thousand members set up along military lines, divisions, brigades, regiments and companies, commanded by a system of officers, and expanding daily. The Confederate plan was, at the time of the uprising, to have two regiments march on Camp Douglas, near Chicago, to free Confederate prisoners there. Then the combined force would march on Rock Island to free the 7,000 prisoners there.

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The uprising was timed for June 15th with the return of Vallandigham to Ohio for the Democratic District Convention. It was presumed that Vallandigham would be arrested by Federal agents, igniting the spark of insurrection. The Federals unwittingly foiled the effort; Only one Union agent, pretending to be a reporter for the Chicago Tribune, was sent to make the arrest. When he saw men putting their revolvers in order and surmised that hundreds of others might be armed, he left the convention without making the arrest. The detective appealed to the Governor of Ohio to authorize and support an arrest, but the Governor refused, saying he would not do it unless instructed from Washington. The next trigger for the uprising was to be the Democratic National Convention, to be held in Chicago July 4th. It was anticipated that Abolitionists would attack the hall and set it afire. The riot that would certainly follow would be expanded and the cherished revolution would be underway. Then, for unrelated reasons, the Convention was postponed to August 29th. Impatient with the delay, the council of leading members of the Order resolved that the uprising should take place on July 20th. The Governor of Illinois would be taken prisoner and another installed in his place. Members of the organization would seize Indianapolis and free the Confederate prisoners there. It was even conjectured that Quantrill might take command of the thousands of Confederate soldiers and lead them on a victorious invasion of the North. In the meantime, arms had been purchased in New York and shipped to the midwest in small lots, to be concealed in the homes of members of the secret order. One man in southern Indiana, for example, had a large stock of small arms, hand grenades, and two pieces of artillery in his basement, which also included a laboratory for the manufacture of “Greek Fire” incendiary devices. The editor of the New York Daily News advised that if the storm burst in the West, $20,000 could produce a diversionary riot in New York. His fellow conspirators, the former mayor of New York and the editors of the Freeman’ Journal and the Day Boob were prepared to incite the seizure of the sub-Treasury, the arsenals and other Federal properties in New York and the freeing of Confederate prisoners held at Ft. Lafayette. The Governor of New York had given assurance that he would remain neutral in the matter and would refrain from calling out the National Guard. Others agreed to foment other diversionary operations, including the burning of Cincinnati and starting a “rumpus” in Boston. Just about then, Judge Joshua Bullitt, Grand Commander of the Order in Kentucky, was arrested based on information provided the Federal government by the Grand Secretary of his state organization, Felix Stidger. Stidger, in reality a secret Federal agent, with Bullitt out of the way, succeeded as Grand Commander for Kentucky. Two days later Federal agents raided the offices of Congressman Daniel Vorhees in Terre Haute, Indiana, seizing membership lists, names of officers and other secrets of the order. [Despite this, Vortices, who had defended one of John Brown’s associates in the raid on Harper’s Ferry, continued to serve in the House, and then was elected to the Senate.] It was evident the plotters would have to move fast before higher officials of the secret order could be arrested. Members of the group took to drilling in the open in many counties in Indiana, creating a panic as farmers rushed their crops to market in expectation of hostilities. U.S. marshals arrested the Grand Commander for Indiana. A raid on an Indianapolis printing plant uncovered four hundred revolvers and 35,000 rounds of ammunition, recently arrived from New York in boxes marked “Sunday School Books.” The Confederacy gave another $25,000 to provide travel, expenses to get men to Chicago

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for the big day. Seventy Confederate soldiers armed with revolvers arrived from Canada and took up lodging throughout the city. Then more bad news. Alerted, the Federals had posted a regiment of troops at Camp Douglas with several pieces of artillery made ready to fire on the prisoners-of-war if a rescue was attempted. On the night of the 28th, the Confederate agents held a final strategy meeting, only to learn that the members of the Order were scattered all over the city and that there was no plan by the Order’s leadership to converge them for action. A Confederate call for an armed attack of 5,000 men on Camp Douglas was met with excuses by the group’s commanders. A similar proposal for a small operation to free the 7,000 prisoners was met with a counter- proposal by the Order’s commanders that the operation be put off until the Presidential election in November. The Confederates had no choice but to agree, and to postpone the subsidized riot in New York. To make things worse, the Democratic candidate, General McClellan, reversed himself and denounced the Party’s peace platform on which the Confederate agents had expended much effort and funds. [Atlanta had just been captured and McClellan followed public opinion in its wake.] The Peace Democrats pronounced that “the wolf had rejected the skin of the lamb in turning his back on the Party platform.” On the other hand, Lincoln had suggested to the Peace Democrats that he would “go as far as any man in America to restore peace on the basis of the Union” and that “slavery would not stand in the way of peace.” The Peace Democrats recognized that it would be far better for Lincoln to win the election, and much of the fire went out of their support for foment should Lincoln be elected. Colonel Benjamin J. Sweet, commander of the Federal prison camp, warned of a probable uprising and the liklihood of an attempt to release his prisoners, arranged for the “escape” of Lieutenant John J. Shanks, a Confederate turn-coat. Shanks headed for Confederate gathering places and in a ruse that he desired to join in the rebellion, gained full details of the election day plans. Two days before the Presidential Election, Federal detectives, guards from the camp and local police arrested 106 persons, practically all the top Confederate agents working in Chicago and seized large stores of weapons and ammunition hidden by the agents to arm the order’s members. Eventually the Confederates gave up on exploiting the copperhead organizations, as one Confederate officer said later, because they were “as harmless as an association of children.” In New York, plans for the Confederate-financed insurrection had also gone awry. Richard Montgomery a con-man and double agent [he was the Confederate courier mentioned earlier in regard to Lincoln’s decision about the incriminating correspondence from Canada] alerted authorities of what was planned for election day. General Benjamin F. Butler and 10,000 troops marched into the city. The plotters agreed that no revolution was possible as long as “Beast” Butler’s troops controlled the city. In a report of the matter to Judah Benjamin in Richmond, Thompson attributed the failure to the “vigilance of the Administration, the large bounties paid for treachery and the respectable men who have yielded to that temptation, added to the large military forces stationed in those states which make organization and preparation almost an impossibility.” Although he acknowledged the aborted operation had cost him $300,000, there was a bright side: “The apprehension of the enemy caused him to bring back and keep from the field at the front some 60,000 to watch and browbeat the people at home. The same money has effected so much in no other quarter since the commencement of the war.” Thompson left Canada and went home as the South crumbled for lack of food and ammunition.

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General CIA Records
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST):
CIA-RDP91-00587R000201000006-5
Release Decision:RIFPUB
Original Classification:K
Document Page Count:17
Document Creation Date:December 22, 2016
Document Release Date:July 1, 2010
Sequence Number:6
Case Number:
Content Type:OPEN SOURCE

Go Nuts in the CIA Historical Files:

https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/historical-collections

 

Produced by Jim Kirk-Wiggins, April 8, 2018

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Printed Government Content Type:OPEN SOURCE per CIA/FOIA reading room

 

 

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The President’s First Years

The division of the nation was significant, and wasn’t along traditional geographical or past political lines.

During the first year, there was a large turnover in many Government departments. Many supported (the opposition). Some resigned or were replaced by the new administration.

The division of the nation was significant, and wasn’t along traditional geographical or past political lines. Many foreign deplomats and persons remaining in various governmental agencies were undependable and would forward any information they thought significant to (the opposition).

Intelligence officers tracked communications, opened and inspected various forms of communications, including mail, looking for leaks, intelligence information and criminal activity. The heads of national intelligence often exceeded authority, without due process, and many excesses. Numerous changes in leadership of these departments were removed and others appointed.

News reports, numerous in opposition to the new administration, came under close scruitiny over negative or stories disloyal to the President. The identified media was supressed in various methods.

The various intelligence departments were often in opposition to each other, one was often investigating the other. Arrest were made by special civil and military agents. Police commissioners and some local state politicians were in directly defying the new administration. There was also a shakeup among high level military General officers.

Is this an adquate explanation of the new Trump Administration? Visit Google Plus Communities; “The State of the Nation” for full explanation of the new administration.

 

By James Kirk-Wiggins, April 7, 2018.

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AMAZON v U.S.

A dedicated parcel delivery service should be competitive with the likes of UPS and US Express, with a true cost pricing structure. Or ( Privitize

IS AMAZON AN EVOLUTION OF RETAIL

OR RETAIL MONOPOLY

 

The US Government has suddenly become critical of Amazon Corp. “They pay no state taxes, hurting the USPS bottom lines, their deliveries by USPS use State roads, therefore should pay state taxes, they harm the competibility of local businesses.

All true, somewhat. But let’s “level the playing field.”

The USPS, (US POSTAL SERVICE), thas been continuing to lose it’s largest source of income, the letter. When is the last time you walked to your mailbox and put a letter in it? Do you even have stamps and envelopes?

5453256945_b20cd75db1_m
JOHN LLOYD JEEP DJ-5 Dispatcher

With email, Skype, Duo, Social media, bill pay online, why stamp and mail anything?

 

Is Amazon causing the postal service to lose money? The USPS is required by law to not charge less than cost for delivery of parcels. But they do. Do they include overhead, infrastructure, management initiatives, and rising labor cost as every other well managed corporation does? Since it’s their greatest area of growth, then why are they losing money here?

 

Revenue from First-Class Mail and Marketing Mail decreased $309 million and $248 million, respectively, due largely to lower volumes. Revenue from the Shipping and Packages business increased $505 million, or 9.3 percent, during the quarter. (USPS)

So is Amazon to blame? Amazon uses the USPS for less than 50% of it’s shipping. The postal service’s failure to anticipate and take advantage of their changing business model is the same reason many business’ fail. Restructure your parcel delivery service, reprice, seperate it from personal and marketing letter carriers. Cut waste. Cut waste. A dedicated parcel delivery service should be competitive with the likes of UPS and US Express, with a true cost pricing structure. Or  ( Privitize by The Hill).

E-Commerce is on a roll, not just your local megastores but non-stores:

 

Non-Store-PP

From: Kantar Retail

 

Do they pay State taxes, harm the USPS profits, yada, yada, yada.

Craftsmen, Vegetable stands, Street Vendors, Vendor carts, Store fronts, Shopping Centers, Super Malls, Mailorder catelogs, Department Stores, SuperStores, e-commerse, SuperE-Commerce. Evolution is a bitch for the past species.

3940157518_46dd91d420_o
Evolution

Where do you want to shop:

4079377018_d1f283b556_m(1)
ralph repo Toy Vendor
13625837383_0e667a71e5_z
Toronto History Kensington Market
5840119134_c286bf0b5c_z
Ikhlasul Amal Street Shoes Store
Martin R woolworths
Public Market: Brian Glanz
6280173795_d431d69d73_o
Woolworths Tommyis18 S

 

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Woolworths BC: Rob

 

 

6194686607_e9127ba3b0_o
springwools online shopping

 

Headline Featured Image:Marcelo Braga by Obrigado, correios

 

by James Kirk-Wiggins, April 4, 2018

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THE EDUCATION OF A BLOGGER

Decide today who you will serve; Democracy; our dream, or Mammon and future Dystopian America.

AMERICA BEHIND THE CURTAIN

 

I began my Twitter Wars during President Obama’s first Administration. I supported his election and thought it showed American had taken a turn away from the racist turmoil of the past. 5920718833_1b71d19b8d_b

Unfortunately, it was the opposite. Since the media was enthralled it didn’t quite provide the bitterness and rancor as the reaction to President Trumps first years in office.

Yet some of the often disguised racism, sometimes blatant racism, from Obama in African dress, and the everpresent birther controversy it quickly became shameful. I thought much of the radical right, calling for patriots to enlist in militias, and the hate speech was scary. It appeared we were heading toward revolution, or at least violent confrontations. angry child

I blocked a lot of these haters from my twitter account. Yet I began a very aggressive campaign against political extremist, left and right, and those who I thought endangered out democracy. What a difference a few years made. After Wiki-leaks, the 2016 campaign demagoguery, from every direction, and the education of this blogger, I discovered there is much wrong in America. I researched, Hillary’s State Department, Russia Reset, and US technology give away, media consolidation, campaign finance, congressional dues, and the resulting corporation oligarchy.

I discovered the innate violence in our culture, and the ultimate violence breeding through; Video Games, Movies, Television, Sports, and America’s preoccupation with war. Not a period of 6 years has passed without US involvement in wars since 1776. I discovered congress was corrupted through super PACs, and the congressional leadership has set mandatory dues requiring individual congressmen to spend 1/3 to 1/2 of their official time soliciting donations from their corporate masters.

Without their party, and the party leadership’s material support, and of course the corporate dollars they stood alone. To lose. Without committee participation, nor resources for election. In fact, their opponents would be supported.

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Congressional bondage was such that corporations not only influenced elections but legislation. The anti-trust legislation had been ignored and the Media, Pharmaceutical, Automobile manufacturers, Social Media, High Tech companies, Medical and hospital organizations, Big Insurance, and super retail chains; we’re creating a new ruling class in America. The Supreme Court was bogged down “slogan law” and could not or would not address how our democracy was being whittled down to bells and whistles only.

The Media was the most obviously consolidated, biased result, and no longer was a great servant of the people and democracy, but had new masters. Corporations, Globalism, Liberal and radical leftist, and the massive defense industries conquered weak-willed America. With the democratic party, under Hillary Clinton, it was certain we were going to confront Russia, resulting in war if she was elected.HRC TESTIMONY The stale, unmoveable, undiplomatic, and exploitative State Department remained an instrument of National Policy, but one reflecting the defense department and intelligence agencies, not diplomacy and mutually beneficial international relations.

 

I also discovered Race in America, from Slavery abolition to Civil Rights legislation; these great shifts in the American psyche had been administered in such a way that cultural and racial relations were guaranteed to worsen where no true integration and assimilation was ever planned for or considered. The cultural reaction, opposition, fear, economic and educational barriers, crime and poverty, never made a project management outline or timeline or even a powerpoint presentation for these monumental transitions in American society.

 

The same is happening today with immigration, trade wars, and foreign relationships. We have no plan for a future Iraq, Syria, Iran, Afganistan, or North Korea.WORLD MAP It’s simple; we plan actions, but don’t plan consequence in the aftermath of our actions.

Our Journalist, State Department, Congress, Executive Branch, need to step back and look at what this silent revolution within America has wrought. Research, and plan beginning in the past unto the future. Democracy is a governmental system with the participation of the people. To prevent Oligarchy, Anarchy, and diminishing democracy; Americans must awake from the slumber of the smooth propaganda of leisure preoccupation and we must grow strength and spirit becoming revolutionaries for a new America. Not a Right wing, Left wing, Race, Sex, or socialist revolution, but a revolution against the peoples growing powerlessness and complacent.

I have much to say about Race in America and promise an article soon. Plus other specific issues; immigration, sexism, equality, and all the above. But this is a call for America to awake. Today. Write your thoughts. cropped-shout-insert-e1518982852694.jpgResearch your philosophy and politics, see if they pass the test of analysis and truth. Reseach the roots and foundations of America and see if we remain on that path. Do the work.

Decide today who you will serve; Democracy; our dream, or Mammon and future Dystopian America. We need free Journalistic thought, emerging leadership, congressional independent hero’s, grassroots and field of grain movements. Social Media can be a democracy game changer. Or just spit and chatter.

Take a giant leap into action, become a social critic, start blogs, have social discussions on street corners, backyard barbeques, dinner parties, community centers and involve young Americans and seniors. Read my onefreepress.net and peacepossible.org articles, examine and do your own google searches for truth. Be contagious, a salesperson for our future as a shining city on a hill.

Channel your anger, even your hate at the true enemies of America. Not your fellow Americans who, like you, are contrived puppets of distraction and diversion politics.

I will in the future write about specific topics to give you food for thought. So enough words, either work for change or accept your chains and let your mouths utter irrelevant nonsense. I have faith that you are out there. Email me with any questions, perceived obstacles, or inspiration. I have a few Google Plus Communities, two WordPress Blogs, One Active Twitter account and a Facebook account that mirror my opinions. Normally they all begin here on OneFreePress.net

In Peace, In Civil Disobedience, In the Light of Truth; My brothers and sisters in our Social Revolution, AMERICAN FLAG BIG

 

FEATURED TOP IMAGE BY: John Perivolaris The Morning After the Ealing Riot

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by James Kirk-Wiggins, March 29, 2016

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Teens And Gun Control

Teenagers are being exploited by various liberal, Globalist, and political entities to wave in front of new gun control legislation.

COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT IN A TEENAGERS BRAIN

Teenagers are being exploited by various liberal, Globalist, and political entities to wave in front of new gun control legislation. These teens, especially those involved in schools where shooting violence occurred, have a strong emotional appeal. Gun control advocates always capitalize on an emotional appeal.

The decision on Gun Control must be made based on facts, carefully weighed judgment, and our Constitution and law. Violence in our nation and in our schools is much more complex than the availability of assault weapons. One spokesperson said; “These young people are well informed..”.  They are also very malleable, idealistic, and less open to opposing views. They are less likely to stand against their peers.

Violence must be dealt with, in our streets, our schools, and our national policy.

 

The following is information on the development of the teenager’s mind. As you will see, that until the full cognitive development is reached in the early to mid-twenties, decision making and judgment are still developing. They are justifiably emotionally upset and have a strong stake in gun control. But they aren’t ready to legislate laws for our democracy.

 

Neuroscience has shown that a young person’s cognitive development continues into this later stage and that their emotional maturity, self-image and judgement will be affected until the prefrontal cortex of the brain has fully developed. (

LATE ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT

Late adolescence. During late adolescence, complex thinking processes are used to focus on less self-centered concepts as well as personal decision-making, including the following:   (Stanford Children’s Health)

  • The late adolescent has increased thoughts about more global concepts such as justice, history, politics, and patriotism.
  • The late adolescent often develops idealistic views on specific topics or concerns.
  • The late adolescent may debate and develop intolerance of opposing views.
  • The late adolescent begins to focus thinking on making career decisions.
  • The late adolescent begins to focus thinking on emerging role in adult society.

 

See our article “The Quantum Soldier” on our violent culture and “American Militarism.” (On our sister site PeacePossible.org)

The above articles go into some of the complexities of the causes of violence in America, including school shootings. It’s a good place to begin thinking and discussing these and other issues. This is what High School Teachers should have been leading during the weekend of student protest; open-minded discussions on the causes of violence.

For political lobbying and donations see: “Congress’ Stockholm Syndrome.”

It’s not just the NRA. Our congress cannot serve our democracy, until real campaign finance reform free’s our congress from outside money and the mandated dues. Under much pressure from congressional leaders, and the enormous time and energy needed to solicit and raise their 6 or 7 figure goals, places our congressmen under considerable influence from corporate, union, and organizational donors.

Featured Image: TheCockAndCarrot This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic License.

by James Kirk-Wiggins, March 26, 2018
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Bolton IS in?

Our democracy is but an illusion, we slumber in our leisure, ignorance, and lack of a leader with a vision for a Shinning City on a Hill.

OMG, Bolton?

Well we know Bolton is all talk, lets just hope Trump doesn’t listen. well, hell, we know he doesn’t, and if by chance he does he fires  you.

Not to worry though. Trump probably saw the same Ted Talk I did. All major nations have very sophisticated wargamming software. Russia and China probably hacked our War College and got ours. Or Hillary sent it in an e-mail to Chelsea, Diane, whatever. I think I saw it in a WikiLeaks release. But I digress.

This software predicts what a nations likely response would be if a nation took a certain action. Consider, Obama’s reactions. If China did “A” then Obama’s reaction would be “S”. If China chose action “B” then Obama’s move would be “S”. If China did “Z”, Obama would counter with “S”. China chose the letter “S” in their software to mean “Not Shit.”

In updating their software for Trump (by the way two Russian Software engineers had nervous breakdows in reprogramming. They had to call for Microsoft help, since Hillary is no longer online.

The results on every scenario they input was; If Russia took action “A”, Trump’s probability reaction was “A”, “B”, “C”, D,E,F,G,H,I,J,K,L,M…1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,0,@,$,_,(,),:,;,’,”……..

His unpredictability was categorized: “Does not fit logical tables.” By adding Bolton the software had to add the Cyrillic alphabet to list all responses. So while the press and pundits could never figure out what his next move was, we now can see it as a brilliant strategy. Or as my dad said; “I’d rather be lucky than good.”

by James Kirk-Wiggins, The Ides of March

No copyright, do what you will.

Sorry, I got a tooth ache, and I’m pretty sure MKULTRA put an inplant in my tooth when I was in the Military. Last night I think WordPress no-help line used my trigger word. “Sorry, I cant find it. :)” No Really. If my tooth ache hadn’t induced sleep deprivation from throbbing pain, I may have said something different than, is that it? Are you my only hope. Have a nice evening.

(My lost article was completed. I was just loading a final image. And it was gone. My best work, it could have started a social revolution, reviving democracy, ending the Oligarchy of 15 Billionaires who rule congress, the media, prices, the economy; therefore rule America.

Our democracy is but an illusion, we slumber in our leisure, ignorance, and lack of a leader with a vision for a Shinning City on a Hill. Our future appears to be going as so many dystopian author’s portray the future.  I’m not anti-American, nor a socialist. I’m a dreamer and love America. I’m fear we were once a hope, a contagious ideal, government for the people and by the people. The torch on Lady Liberty dims, as this beacon of hope fades, a shadow of tyranny will drift across nations without resistance.

Jim Kirk-Wiggins, March 22, 2018

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TOUGH LOVE

Love never fails.

IS TOUGH LOVE, LOVE?

Concerning; Personal Relationships, not social nor political threats to our community.

[This article concerns interpersonal relationships. While One Free Press is often critical of persons whom we feel are threats to democracy, liberty, and peace; these are not our daily personal relationships. ]

IS TOUGH LOVE AN ACT TO HELP, AND NOT ENABLE A PERSONS FAILURES

We, as individuals, form our own personal philosophies. How we are going to approach others, situations, challenges, and interactions. We put this puzzle together from culture, family, friendships, experience, and sometimes with our religion as primary or partial guide.

FAMILIES

Ivan Family  CC   Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-SA 2.0) 

Sometimes we have set statements, quotes, or pop culture wisdom that lead us more so than the other formative influences I’ve mentioned.
For instance; “tough love”. When we feel others have failed us, and are failing in their life, we use “tough love”. In lieu of what we know as compassion, love, and family. Jesus was a master teacher on those who fail at life, and who fail others. His reaction was love, compassion, and a miraculous empathy. Jesus demonstrated anger, as a lesson, toward those who strayed from how his father or his house should be represented.

POP QUOTES TO LIVE BY?  (From: 43 Good Cultural…Taglines)

Culture of the mind must be subservient to the heart.
Culture: the cry of men in face of their destiny.
Different roads sometimes lead to the same castle.
Diversity creates dimension in the world.
How can you govern a country which has 246 varieties of cheese?
In this country we have no place for hyphenated Americans.
It is never too late to give up your prejudices.
Let America be America, where equality is in the air we breathe.                            Recognize yourself in he and she who are not like you and me.
Strength lies in differences, not in similarities.
The highest possible stage in moral culture is when we recognize that we ought to control our thoughts.
The peoples of the earth are one family.
The terrible tyranny of the majority.

 

“How many times should you forgive your brother?”, he ask. No tough love here. I think our weakness, weariness, of facing the same emotional and personal challenges over and over, cause us to look for escape. That escape may be “tough love”, severing our connection with individuals and the emotional pain. But; “it’s for their own good, how else will they learn until they hit rock bottom. I don’t want to be an enabler.”

Jesus didn’t want people to hit rock bottom, he put out his hand and lifted them up from his everlasting spring of love and compassion. “Seven times seventy.”

BeatenDown

You may have to use wisdom, enforce boundaries, offer alternatives, but giving up on someone is not necessary, nor is it Jesus. Lean on the everlasting spring of compassion and love from Jesus, from his example. Let his teachings permeate your 21st Century life. As will his spirit. Deeply examine and cross-examine what you really believe, and who you really are in the eyes of others.

Love never fails. But where there are prophecies, they will cease; where there are tongues, they will be stilled; where there is knowledge, it will pass away. ( 1 Cor. 13:8, NIV)

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By James Kirk-Wiggins, March 18, 2018
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RICH PEOPLE GOT NOBODY

What I do not like about wealthy Americans, are those who think their bank accounts make them super citizens who can buy elections, control legislation, and dictate what the media publishes.

RICH PEOPLE GOT NOBODY

RICH PEOPLE GOT NOBODY

RICH PEOPLE GOT NOBODY TO LOVE

THEY’RE GONNA GET YOU EVERY TIME

WELL, I DON’T WANT NO RICH PEOPLE

DON’T WANT NO RICH PEOPLE

‘ROUND HERE.

(Randy Newman – From – Short People Lyrics)

CHUCK SCHUMER FELT HE MUST DEFEND RICH PEOPLE:

In a speech on the Senate floor on Thursday, Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.) called on God to bless the rich and corporations.

“I am not against the rich or corporations. God, bless them,” said Schumer.

I’m sure Chuck Schumer likes Rich People. He probably spends 1/3 of his official time on the phone soliciting donations to pay his million dollar committee and committee chair fee’s (or dues). Ask Mr. Schumer what the Senate Democrat Committee dues are, all of them, personal and to the DNCC for all members. Waterboarding couldn’t get it out of him.

I don’t dislike rich people personally. Some have used great intellect, perseverance, energy and time becoming wealthy. God, bless them. Let them eat Blue Fin Tuna.

SEN NET WORTH

Rep. John Delaney            Democratic Maryland        91.68    MIL’S
Sen. Mark Warner            Democratic Virginia           90.85
Rep. Jared Polis                  Democratic Colorado        90.81
Sen. Richard Blumenthal Democratic Connecticut   66.99
Sen. Dianne Feinstein       Democratic California      52.78
Rep. Scott Peters                Democratic California      40.19
Rep. Alan Grayson            Democratic Florida           33.86
Rep. Suzan DelBene         Democratic Washington   31.02
Rep. Nancy Pelosi             Democratic California       29.35
Sen. Claire McCaskill       Democratic Missouri         19.10
Rep. Joseph Kennedy III Democratic Massachusetts 18.64
Rep. Don Beyer                Democratic Virginia            16.01
Rep. Lloyd Doggett          Democratic Texas                12.94
Rep. Nita M. Lowey         Democratic New York         12.03
Rep. Carolyn Maloney    Democratic New York         9.15
Rep. Bill Foster                Democratic Illinois               8.32
Sen. Ron Wyden             Democratic Oregon               8.24

Some of Chuck Schumer’s Senate Colleagues are wealthy by many of us poor working middle class types.

ANTITRUST1

What I do not like about wealthy Americans, are those who think their bank accounts make them super citizens who can buy elections, control legislation, and dictate what the media publishes. We badly need election reform. It would take the wealthy oligarch’s in America out of our democracy, other than 1 person, 1 vote, and 1 voice.

Very wealthy people who do this should be ashamed, feel like traitors, bullies, and I hope the scotch in your hand spills on your shirt or blouse.

DRAIN THE SWAMP!

BY JAMES KIRK-WIGGINS, MARCH 16, 2018

ONE FREE PRESS

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CONGRESS’ STOCKHOLM SYNDROME

Unlimited Super-Pac contributions are just idiocy for anyone not to believe it affects legislation from start to vote. Congressional leaders are in a Stockholm Syndrome affair with Big Donors, Corporations, Unions, and other special interest.

“The NRA has held Congress hostage for years now. These young people have shown up to spring us free,” (Elizabeth Warren)

The Congress is being held hostage, but not by the NRA.

17123251389_1881fb0ba2_k

(Pictures of Money)

SUPER PACS, SPECIAL INTEREST, AND CONGRESSIONAL LEADERSHIP HOLD CONGRESS HOSTAGE IN UNISON WITH MONEY, MONEY, MONEY.

Stockholm syndrome is a condition that causes hostages to develop a psychological alliance with their captors as a survival strategy during captivity. (Wikipedia)

Congress members must begin on their first day soliciting contributions for their party. Per rules set by the party leadership. Dues for membership on committee’s, Committee Chairs, and dues for support. Support such as researchers, polls, advisers, and money.

Examine the following chart. This chart is for the Leadership. Select the full-screen mode for better viewing.

This Data is 2013-2014

Nancy Pelosi – Cash On Hand (COH) $438,206 – Her Dues – $800,000 | Dues to Raise for the Democratic Committee (DCCC) – $25,000,000.

The chart shows she’s received or raised her $800,000 dues and raised over her dues for the DCCC with $31,134,250. Good job Nancy! Now you know why they always say she is a good fundraiser. When recently criticized and talk of her being replaced, she ended her statement with “and I’m worth it.” She wasn’t being vain but delivering a message.

A regular member, no committee membership, per on down the chart, their normal personal dues are $125,000 and they must raise $75,000 for the DCCC. Funny thing, it appears there are more committee members and leaders than other. I would say more Chiefs than Indians, but I’m certain that would be either; racist, sexist, mansplaining, or all the above.

The dues are mandatory, members may be called out of meetings to get on the phone. Speaking of the phone; Congress members cannot solicit funds in their offices. (FEC rules) So each party has a call center, with cubicles, little table, phone and chair for Honorable Senator Smith, to sit, and beg for money a third to fifty percent of his time per leadership and DCCC recommendations.

“two years leading up to an election, money-gathering efforts make up around two-thirds of a lawmaker’s schedule…in 2014 it was estimated by the sunlight foundation, they held 2800 fundraisers.” (Newsweek – “John Oliver Breaks Down the Disturbing Truth of Congressional Fundraising” By Ryan Bort On 4/4/16)

Now we know why Congress can’t pass an annual appropriations bill by October each year, any year.

The Party leaders control members through party resources besides money, for consultants, polling and other expenditures they wouldn’t be able to fund on their own. Party leaders solicit Super PAC money from Corporations, Unions, Special Interest Groups; to get who the contributor wants to Chair or be on a particular Committee. Committee’s write bills. Leaders push Super PAC legislation or delay by pressuring Committee members, and other members.

Unlimited Super-Pac contributions are just idiocy for anyone not to believe it affects legislation from start to vote. Congressional leaders are in a Stockholm Syndrome affair with Big Donors, Corporations, Unions, and other special interest. New members accept it or leave. It’s been a part of many Congressmen decision not to seek re-election.

When I speak of a corrupt congress, this is why. A lobbyist with a record of big donations is always welcome in the capital.

We have “A government of the lobbyist, by the Congress, for the money”.  Not as said by Abraham Lincoln; “Government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the Earth.”

It’s already perished in the United States. Until my dollar, and your dollar is the only dollars that candidates receive, there cannot be equitable elections, and no voice shall be more important than another. That should be simple legislation. I would also limit a candidates use of their personal wealth. The ACLU doesn’t agree with this. Why? Because like all the rest they are influence peddlers.

DRAIN THE SWAMP!

 

BY JAMES KIRK-WIGGINS, MARCH 15, 2018

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FOR FURTHER READING:

Federal Election Committee (FEC)

Top Corporate PAC Donations – FEC 2018

Union Pac – FEC 2018

Newsweek, John Oliver – Congressional fundraising

Brookings Institute

Nakedcapitalism.com – Pay to Play

ACLU – Campaign Finance Reform

individual PAC contributions – FEC

 

Featured Image by Matthias Weinberger The Hostage Situation

Featured

ACLU – WHO ARE THEY?

the FISA warrant procedure is broken as proved by the Obama FISA warrants

THE ACLU CAN EVEN SCREW UP THE FREEDOM OF THE PRESS ISSUE

Below is an excellent paraphrase, by many famous Americans, that the ACLU recently published in an article on “Freedom of the Press”.

“The freedom of the press, protected by the First Amendment, is critical to a democracy in which the government is accountable to the people. A free media functions as a watchdog that can investigate and report on government wrongdoing. It is also a vibrant marketplace of ideas, a vehicle for ordinary citizens to express themselves and gain exposure to a wide range of information and opinions.” (ACLU-FREEDOM OF THE PRESS)

The focus of there article was surveillance of journalist, obtaining cell phone records and other 1984/2018 super NSA type violations of privacy. We, (OneFreePress.net), oppose such acts against any American, except for National Security purposes, and with proper (I really feel this word is almost like saying “F’ck”), FISA warrant or AJ approval in an emergency. Providing all requirements are met, fully, honestly…ok, I’m laughing now. Certainly, the FISA warrant procedure is broken as proved by the Obama FISA warrants.

It’s hard to believe that over 40000 warrants issued and only 21 rejected actually reflects proper documentation and adjudication took place:

Since 1979 to date, the court has approved 40,117 warrants but only rejected 21 requests. That’s a rejection rate of 0.052 percent.” {By  for Zero Day | 

What is wrong with the ACLU’s article, particularly the unoriginal statement about the importance of the Free Press, ignores a current condition that has already rendered the Free Press as dead or at least needing resuscitation.

With 90% of the media owned by 5 Multi-National corporations, this robust protector of democracy – “watchdog”, is at most a lapdog to 5 corporations. Which at last reference was about 15 majority stock owner Billionaires. They say in Alabama, concerning false statements, “That dog can’t hunt.” This watchdog has lost all credibility during and after 2016 election, that I believe it’s not a dog but a pussy. Sorry, Kitty.

lucy-cat-brown-white-markings-cute-fluffy-safety-home

PHOTO BY: PETEJOHN BENSON.

Featured Image – Silent Watchdog cgosnell90

By Jim Kirk-Wiggins, March 13, 2018

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THE MOTHER OF ALL LIES PART 1

“WE HAD FOUR DEAD AMERICANS…WHAT DIFFERENCE AT THIS POINT DOES IT MAKE.” (Hillary Clinton, House Subcommittee Hearing on Benghazi)

THE TRUTH ABOUT BENGHAZI YOU WILL NEVER KNOW

TheArtofDeception_FinalLogo

WHEN ACCUSED:

 

  • You are shocked.

  • Deny, Deny, Deny

  • Make it sound ridiculous.

  • 7 Reasons why.

  • Ridicule

  • Attack the Source.

  • Call on important friends and supporters, and friendly media.

    • They are shocked

    • Deny, Deny, Deny

    • Make it sound ridiculous.

    • 7 Reasons why.

    • Ridicule

    • Attack the Source

 

REPEAT 7 TIMES, DEFLECT, IGNORE, MOVE ON.


 

WHAT REPORTERS SHOULD BE INVESTIGATING BUT NEVER WILL

On September 11, 2012, terrorists, including those affiliated with al-Qaeda, attacked U.S. facilities in Benghazi, killing U.S. Ambassador Christopher Stevens, and U.S. officials Sean Smith, Tyrone Woods, and Glen Doherty. (https://goo.gl/UNRcr1)

FOUR OFFICIAL REPORTS – NO ONE HELD ACCOUNTABLE

F I N A L  R E P O R T OF THE SELECT COMMITTEE ON THE EVENTS SURROUNDING
THE 2012 TERRORIST ATTACK IN BENGHAZI HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES (997 pages)

Hilliary, McCain, Obama, Rice, CIA, FBI. (Their testimony, perjury, relationships, and how they affected the final report.)

The US House of Representatives Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, Investigative Report on the terrorist attack on US facilities in Benghazi, Libya September 11-12, 2012. (37 pages)

Majority Staff Report – House Foreign Affairs Committee – Where is the Accountability. (28 pages)

“U.S. intelligence agencies provided extensive warning of the deteriorating security environment in eastern Libya, including al-Qaeda‘s expanding operations and the mounting risk to U.S. personnel and facilities”

These threats were well-understood by even the most senior officials in Washington; then-Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has testified that she ―was certainly aware‖ of this reporting,”

“Despite the growing danger in Libya, State Department officials in Washington denied the requests for increased security…….

from U.S. personnel on the ground. Instead, the Department insisted on aggressively reducing security support in Libya, disregarding numerous indications that this assistance was still necessary. There is widespread agreement that these actions led to a wholly inadequate security posture in Benghazi, with deadly consequence”

BENGHAZI DURING ATTACK

COMPARE WITH ASSESSMENT ABOUT SECURITY WITH HRC’S ACCOUNTABILITY REVIEW BOARD BELOW.

they appealed to Washington for added security. Lieutenant Colonel Andrew Wood, who led a U.S. military team that, among other things, supplemented diplomatic security in Libya, recommended that the State Department consider pulling out of Benghazi altogether.

Benghazi Accountability Review Board

Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton convened an Accountability Review Board (ARB) for Benghazi to examine the facts and circumstances surrounding September 11-12, 2012, killings of four U.S. government personnel, including the U.S. Ambassador to
Libya, John Christopher Stevens, in Benghazi, Libya.

Four Board members were selected by the Secretary of State (HRC) and one
member… was selected by the Director for National Intelligence.

“The Board found that intelligence provided no immediate, specific tactical
warning of the September 11 attacks. Known gaps existed in the
intelligence community’s understanding of extremist militias in Libya and
the potential threat they posed to U.S. interests, although some threats
were known to exist.”

“Systemic failures and leadership and management deficiencies at senior levels within two bureaus of the State Department (the “Department”) resulted in a Special Mission security posture that was inadequate for Benghazi and grossly inadequate to deal with the attack that took place.”

“The Board found that certain senior State Department officials within two
bureaus in critical positions of authority and responsibility in Washington
demonstrated a lack of proactive leadership and management ability
appropriate for the State Department’s senior ranks in their responses to
security concerns posed by Special Mission Benghazi…”

Judicial Watch Victory: Federal Court Orders State Department to Conduct a Search of Benghazi Emails of Hillary Clinton’s Closest Advisors

(Washington, DC) — Judicial Watch announced that on August 8, 2017, D.C. District Court Judge Amit P. Mehta ordered the State Department “to search the state.gov e-mail accounts of Huma Abedin, Cheryl Mills, and Jacob Sullivan,” former aides of Hillary Clinton during her tenure as Secretary of State. The State…

The following report is worth reading in its entirety. Judicial Watch (if you want answers, start here) has taken a substantial lead and continues to this date in exposing the truth, lies, and coverup hiding behind National Security, and the continued restraint on releasing documents by the Trump Administration.

A Judicial Watch Special Report:

The Benghazi Attack of September 11, 2012
Analysis & Further Questions from a Diplomatic Security Service
Regional Security Officer and Special Agent. January 22, 2013

The Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs’ December 30, 2012, report regarding Benghazi noted,

 

“The Committee has reviewed dozens of classified intelligence reports on the evolution of threats in Libya which were issued between February 2011 and September 11, 2012. We are precluded in this report from discussing the information in detail, but overall, these intelligence reports (as the ARB similarly noted) provide a clear and vivid picture of a rapidly deteriorating threat environment in eastern Libya—one that we believe should have been sufficient to inform policymakers of the growing danger to U.S. facilities and personnel in that part of the country and the urgency of them doing something about it.”

 

“WE HAD FOUR DEAD AMERICANS…WHAT DIFFERENCE AT THIS POINT DOES IT MAKE.” (Hillary Clinton, House Subcommittee Hearing on Benghazi)

4 DEAD AMERICANS

FOUR DEAD AMERICANS – IT MAKES A DIFFERENCE!

 

to be continued….

 

James Kirk-Wiggins, March 2018

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AMERICA’S QUANTUM SOLDIER

When you watch another person activity or action your brain fires neurons as if you were doing the action.

AMERICA’S CREATION OF THE  SUPER SOLDIER

 

Let’s face it America has a very violent culture. Look through your cable TV’s offerings for tonight, the violence, murder, wars (past, present, future) is phenomenal. Besides the Barbie doll situational comedies, and Dwarf lumberjack reality shows, only violence, and murder fill up your remaining selections. I think our male children and likely many females will take the third option. TV censorship has been a downhill slide since Elvis Presley shook his legs on the Ed Sullivan show.

From the FCC webpage:

Obscene content does not have protection by the First Amendment.  For content to be ruled obscene, it must meet a three-pronged test established by the Supreme Court: It must appeal to an average person’s prurient interest; depict or describe sexual conduct in a “patently offensive” way; and, taken as a whole, lack serious literary, artistic, political or scientific value.

Indecent content portrays sexual or excretory organs or activities in a way that does not meet the three-prong test for obscenity.

Profane content includes “grossly offensive” language that is considered a public nuisance.

[I think murder, blood, neck chopping, and a very creepy way to kill humans is all the above.]

However, the problem was supposed to have been solved with the TV and Video games rating systems. The television industry controls the rating system, isn’t that amusing. Even so, the few family-friendly rated shows are being drowned out by the preponderance of violent and adult audience rated programs by double. Many scientist and professors signed petitions over the past couple of decades decrying the effects on children, but the Liberal and Balanced news media and the Television industry cried the findings weren’t conclusive enough. Cut the TV off and get on the floor and play with your children.

I played a lot of adventure games years ago, and you went about doing various missions or quest to gain prizes; such as armor, weapons, and gold. The quest was most often; “the camp is running short of food supplies. Go kill 50 Hell-deer to help us.” Or “We are being threatened by the hordes of rabid razor-hogs to the southwest”. Help us and go kill 70 razor-hogs.” There was no end to this murdering of the various vicious mutant beast. Nevertheless, you’re killed with sword, hatchet, bow, or gun on and on. I recall hearing younger players often chat about having been playing “XXX” for 14 hours non-stop. Kids play these games all weekend, until late hours of the night. They skip school to play special events with friends. I know, I took off from work occasionally. LOL.

IMG_om44ee

Sports in America is no longer a leisurely baseball game or a football game with light armor with an occasional pile on. It now consists of announcers sounding like carnival hawkers emphasizing brutal hits, and injuries. Football, hockey, wrestling, boxing, and even basketball is about violent confrontations now, much less about skill or sportsmanship. Regardless of the medical evidence of permanent brain injuries resulting in some sports, we demand hard hits, body slams, power punches, and bone-crushing tackles. But every day or weekend players like good gladiator’s did, risk permanent harm for your entertainment, much as if in an arena in ancient Rome.

CHILDREN SPORTS VIOLENCE

Gun control is impossible while the entertainment violence has increased our threshold of acceptability. There is a unique connection between Gun Control and our addiction to violence. We, like the proverbial “how to cook a frog so he doesn’t hop out the pot story” (very slowly turn up the heat) We, Americans have become numb and unaffected by the increase in violence in our nation. Nightly our news media promotes a violent occurrence somewhere over and over irresponsibly while failing to give a real evening of current world news.

angry child

America has been at war almost continuously since prior to our constitution. As the 1984 slogan; “War is Peace, Freedom is Slavery, Ignorance is Strength.” Our Big Brother or Big mother next year, has us happily hoodwinked. A fat pig ready for the unknown slaughter. The peace movement died, but there is always hope. Those angry Bible-thumping Baptist ministers were right all along.

360_super_soldier_0616

Picture from: (Time Magazine, June 15, 2008)

Thus, enter the breeding of the next generation of the super soldier. This little sampling of violence in American culture is not only affecting the psychology and violent tolerance of this generation, but it’s changing their very brain structure, genes are being turned on and off, and the inheritable DNA of their future offspring will be affected. You say WHAT? Is this an Illuminati, CFR, One World Order, or CIA/NSA conspiracy? Hmm, maybe. But the results are the problem. We may be our own enemy by giving into self-gratification and our baser nature. And every American is guilty. WAKE UP AMERICA!

Why would I imply such a crazy thing:

EPIGENETICS. “The old model of the gene, which dates back to the discovery of DNA in 1953, says that our genes are fixed and unchanging. From eye color, height, and other physical characteristics to behaviors like criminality or saintly acts of kindness, genetics strongly implied that we have minimal control over our biological destiny.” To a large extent this may be true, but when it comes to behavior and disease susceptibility, there is much more to the story.

The study of changes in gene activity, not only based on DNA sequence, but also on life experiences — epigenetics — shows that a person’s experience may directly affect their DNA.” Copyright © 2016 TheHuffingtonPost.com, Inc.

 

SELF-DIRECTED BIOLOGICAL TRANSFORMATION INITIATIVE — A NEW FRONTIER ‘CONSCIOUSOME’


EPIGENETICS AND DNA 

EPIGENETICS

YOUTUBE VIDEO 

 

Google Epigenetics, or search YouTube. Look at the newer data, not 10 years ago when it was just making a stirring. Of course, Epigenetics offers many many positive possibilities for improvement in our lives and for future generations.

Mirror Neurons. When you watch another person activity or action your brain fires neurons as if you were doing the action. Most are hailing this great new discovery. But how about when a video game has a sword slicing and dicing, or MMA fight beating the blood out of some lady on the floor. Our mirror neurons are firing with each punch, our limbs are stopped short by the brain from actually moving our fist, but it’s playing it out. Thus in Cops reality shows, Violent Sports, Video Games, Violent Movies, and headline news if they reported world news instead of mostly anti-Trump news, our children’s mirror neurons are firing away, their brain’s imitating all this.

This is alarming why, besides obvious psychological effects, they have discovered Brain Plasticity. This is where the brain is capable of “rewiring” itself for frequent activities, emotions etc.  Then new discoveries in epigenetics have discovered a limited plasticity to DNA. Research now indicates your DNA and neural pathways are altered by experience, stress, and environment.  This is definitely screaming for more research papers.

There is increasing evidence that epigenetic mechanisms, such as DNA methylation, are present across species, are modifiable by the environment, and are involved in developmental plasticity. (National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health HHS public access).

You got the whole world in your hands. Make Peace Possible.

by Jim Kirk-Wiggins   onefreepress.net

butterfly peace

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Video Games and Violence

Do you believe violent video games play, contribute to violence and aggressive behavior in gamers.

Discussion request 😷
Do you believe violent video games play, or contribute to violence and aggressive behavior in gamers. Please participate and explain. Thank you. In Peace, Jim Kirk-Wiggins. Photo (c) 2018

James Kirk-Wiggins – February 26, 2018

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YOU CAN STOP THE VIOLENCE

Personal Peace and World Peace is an individual responsibility.

ADDRESSING SYMPTOMS HIDE

THE REAL CAUSES OF VIOLENCE

school shooting parent

                                  OUR GLADIATORS ARE NOT IN COLISEUMS 

coliseum2ruinsGLADIATORS

BUT OUR CULTURE ENTERTAINS ITSELF WITH VIOLENCE EVER INCREASING SINCE THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, WITH LESS REGULATION AND LOWER STANDARDS EVERY YEAR.

VIOLENT ENTERTAINMENT ON TELEVISION AND MOVIES

VIOLENT MOVIES

VIOLENT SPORTS

CHILDREN SPORTS VIOLENCE

VIOLENT SPORTS 5

VIOLENT SPORTS 6

VIOLENT SPORTS1

WARS AND RUMORS OF WARS

WAR1WAR2                              WAR3WAR4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

THIS IS AMERICA 2018

parklandshooting.jpg

WHAT ARE YOU GOING TO DO ABOUT IT?

one finger pointing

It’s so much easier to blame gun control, mental health, or lack of awareness of potential psychopaths in our midst. Jack the Ripper never used a gun. If a sociopath or psychopath teen or anyone is deranged and angry enough he could use hatchets, machetes, swords, or a couple of handguns.

If young people in America really want to stop violence, war, racism, and hate, then it will take more than lying in a street to protest. Our culture of violence is in decay, our empire is showing the signs of ruins.

Demand CHANGE! Protest the following! Make America livable again.

The Enemy of the People: Violence and addiction to; Video games, Movies, and TV, and sports. The solutions: Their industries must regulate themselves, or the government must. Finally, the parents and guardians of children must become accountable. Be aware of what your children and teens are playing and how much time. Become a Parent, with the responsibility it carries.

America has become a Military Super Power, and Policeman of the world. The Congress must get back it’s constitutional “WAR” declaration role, maybe redefine war, but stop all these wars of adventure across the globe. War and aggression are always an option, not a necessity. Our military is always on a war footing. The glorification of war, combat, and warriors must be seen as a contributor to violent America, at home. Veterans, and soldiers serving their country deserve honor and respect, but we must ensure every drop of blood sacrificed is necessary to America, not the lobbied Congress, and Defense Industry.

The above would be a cultural revolution for America. It may save us from destruction within, conquest, or irrelevance. Personal Peace and World Peace is an individual responsibility.

James Kirk-Wiggins – (RE-Edited) February 21, 2018

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MEDIA WARS II

FEATURED IMAGE BY:  Surian Soosay  Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0)

 

I CAN SEE CLEARLY NOW

Part 1:

After the 1996 Telecommunications Act was signed by Bill Clinton, it didn’t take long for 50+ mainstream media corporations to be gobbled up by five. Thus Mainstream media is controlled by these five corporations. It was obvious to anyone who had not drunk the Kool-Aid served by the DNC and Liberal Media establishment, that all had become one. One Anti-Trump, pro-Hillary, pro-democratic party agenda news. All of them. MSNBC, NBC, CBS, CNN, NYT, WP, Huffington, WSJ, ABC, NPR et. al. With the exception of conservative Fox News. Why? I think it was a strategic move if all mainstream media was Liberal, Hillary, and Anti-Trump, how would the 50% of Americans who voted for President Trump react. How would Congress react? Fox was the bone thrown to the deplorables.

Of course, many of us called out the fake news, lying news, biased news, no credibility news. Simply because your candidate and party’s agenda can’t be correct 100%, and the opposition wrong, evil, bad 100%. Thus the mainstream media drank more Kool-Aid and must have laughed their way through producing the trash they have fed us for over a year. It’s totally incredible that 90% had been manipulated to speak with one agenda voice. Of course, we’re talking about Corporations, not the Fourth Estate of Democracy. It is no more. The collusion is striking.

Part II:

President Trump’s FCC Chairman, Ajit Pai, has without a doubt set out to right this wrong with another wrong. Granny always said; “Jimmy, two wrongs don’t make a right.” It may make an Alt-Right though. He isn’t taking on the mainstream media’s bias but has paved the way for your local news to become conservative, Pro-Trump news. He’s kicked aside a few FCC requirements like your local news must have it’s studio in your area. Goodbye, weatherman, you can trust, who visits the local schools and makes corny jokes. Hello, the merger of Sinclair Broadcasting and Tribune media.

Sinclair Broadcasting is very conservative if the merger is approved, 70% of your local news will be owned by Sinclair. His company has “must air” content that all his stations must broadcast when it is released on the local news. So now conservatives may be able to watch FOX and their local Sinclair news and thumb their nose at the liberal corporate media in their tall towers in NY, DC, and Atlanta. I’m still going to miss the weatherman in his suspenders.

ajit pai
photo by: Cool Revolution  CC 

James Kirk-Wiggins, February 20, 2018

 

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TRUMP: MEDIA CONSOLIDATION

With the Sinclair buyout, 70% of all local news is owned by one corporation.

WHY IS TRUMP PRO MEDIA CONSOLIDATION?


REPUBLISHED FROM:       Logo for dark background

 

Video Image Credit: Jesse Lenz/Mother Jones

 

Why is President Trump calling mainline media, the 90% corporate media, fake news, on the one hand, and paving the way for more consolidation on the other hand? With the Sinclair buyout, 70% of all local news is owned by one corporation. His FCC chairman is right about media growth being down, that’s what happens when monopolies are in control. Competition drops, they can’t compete against the FIVE media giants. We must have diversity in a multitude of news media sources or the Corporate Media Oligopoly will dominate not only the media but American culture.

Just like the 1996 Telecommunications Act was sold as a lie, so is this recent FCC power play.

Jim Kirk-Wiggins – February 20, 2018

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FREE PRESS ORGANIZATION

One Free Press (onefreepress.net) should not be confused with “freepress” organization. While we share concerns on some media issues we are not related organizationally or financially.

Their (FREE PRESS) mission statement is as follows per Wikipedia article.

“Free Press is a United States advocacy group that is part of the media reform or media democracy movement. It gives the following mission statement: “We fight to save the free and open Internet, curb runaway media consolidation, protect press freedom, and ensure diverse voices are represented in our media.”[3] The group is a major supporter of net neutrality.[4][1]”

If you are not sure what Net Neutrality is and it’s potential, we recommend you visit their site for information on Net Neutrality. Remember the 1996 Telecommunications act was advocated as a tool for opening media competition and stop consolidation, whereas it did the opposite as we went from 50 media corporations to 5 corporate Media Oligopolies.

Jim Kirk-Wiggins – February 20, 2018

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BE CAREFUL WHAT YOU ASK FOR

Do we want the FBI and NSA scouring the net, social media, and emails looking for potentially violent offenders or school shooters?

WARNING: THE GOVERNMENT WILL TAKE MORE THAN YOU GIVE

The news is filled with responses concerning the recent shootings at the Parkland Florida School. Gun Control to Mental Health.

Much finger pointing is at the FBI for not being aware of the shooters obvious hate and mental health issues posted online. Or family, friends, and school personnel not identifying his aberrant behavior and notifying authorities.

After 911, you lost many civil liberties. The Patriot Act (NY Times) The NSA of course in the name of National Security, went wiretapping and FISA warrant rabid.

Do we want the FBI and NSA scouring the net, social media, and emails looking for potentially violent offenders or school shooters? What would be their guidelines to determine if you went over the line of “normal”? I’ve seen social media comments that I thought were scary or promoting violence and even revolution.

With the recent obvious political use of FISA warrants to wiretap for political reasons by the FBI and possibly collusion within the Obama administration and DNC, are we going to be calling for mental health FISA, gun control FISA?

The do-gooder liberals, political agenda drove politicians, and media promoted, school children demonstrations, will snatch us all into a 1984 scenario. Do you think the teen next door acts a little weird? Did you see him kill a bird with his BB pellet gun, and say; “Die MF’er”? Then you better report him.

Warning: Big Brother is already watching, don’t give him handcuffs too.

RELATED STORY:

YOU CAUSE SCHOOL SHOOTING

 

Jim Kirk-Wiggins – February 19, 2018

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Putin vs Clinton : Spy vs Spy

I know blood is thicker than water, but Hillary’s not my blood, possibly not human blood. Putin has ice water in his veins,

WHO THREW THE FIRST PUNCH?

clinton putin

As has been reported; Putin claimed Hillary Clinton interfered in his election and was involved in the almost year-long large protest alleging corruption afterward. Through both her words and the US funding of opposition groups.

“Putin fumed in public remarks, saying that Clinton gave “a signal” to demonstrators working “with the support of the U.S. State Department” to undermine his power.” Why Putin hates Hillary – Politico

Was the US State Department working with opposition groups? And were they giving more than signals?

In 2010 Golos received a two-year $2.8 million grant from USAID,…The money was to pay for the monitoring of two federal elections and three other polls. Russia’s presidential poll, in which Putin is expected to return to power, is on March 4. (Reuters, 2011)

U.S. State Department spokesman Mark Toner said the United States had spent more than $9 million on financial support and technical training for civil society groups before the Russian election….and would keep supporting those working to ensure free, fair and transparent electoral processes. (Reuters, 2011)

putin demo2

Take note; this is a U.S. State Department spokesman, Mark Toner.

The amount of money USAID allocated to programs in Russia was nearly $55 billion….. around $3 million allocated to “political competition and consensus building.”  (Reuters, 2011)

Amidst charges by the Putin administration that the demonstrators received cash support from the United States;

“The fact of the matter is that receiving financial support from abroad for political activities is illegal, a crime. If anyone received money from abroad they should be in jail,” said Nemtsov  (Reuters, 2011)

In September 2012, Clinton …..(met wit) Lavrov ,,,,,the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit in Vladivostok, Russia…. when they met, Lavrov slammed her with some unexpected news: Russia was kicking out the U.S. Agency for International Development and gave the secretary of state 30 days to pack up its contingent in Russia and move it out. Stunned, Clinton walked out. (Politico, 2016)

USAID is the world’s premier international development agency and a catalytic actor driving development results. USAID’s work advances U.S. national security and economic prosperity, (USAID)

We are focused on: [USAID]

Democratic Governance – Building open, responsive, and accountable institutions and processes that serve the needs and preferences of the public.

Participation – Ensuring that all have the opportunity to participate and have a voice in how they will be governed.

Fair Competition – Promoting free, transparent and fair political competition so that citizens’ preferences are represented. (USAID)

Does the USAID, which claims to be an independent agency, work for the State Department? Was Hillary Clinton being too loose with the money, and with the accountability of those USAID was funding for;”Democratic Governance”

“The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) is an independent agency of the U.S. Government that works closely with the State Department and receives overall foreign policy guidance from the Secretary of State.” (Google Search)

What does that mean? It appears “foreign policy guidance” may depend on the personalities involved. Under FOIA program a letter was released [UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2014-20439 Doc No. C05798133 Date: 01/07/2016] The letter concerns USAID’s intention to change it’s budget priorities and was sent to Cheryl D Mills from Goldberg, Robert H. Here is a brief cut from it:

“However, we need to make sure that the Department of State is fully engaged in these discussions as regional bureaus and Chiefs of Mission have strong policy equities in USAID’s presence and its programs. I made the point to USAID that involvement with State is critical and I suggested that Raj raise his plans with you soon. Raj may raise this with the Secretary at his next available opportunity.”

This was less than a month after USAID and the State Department contingent was kicked out of Russia. It was about funding control, which is why they both were kicked out of Russia over Putin’s election tampering charges. Also accessed was the following FOIA release: UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-35734 Doc No. C05366338 Date: 09/30/2014. This document written by Under Secretary of State Lew, was concerning the forthcoming 2012 budget for State and USAID, beginning fiscal October 2012. The letter was sent around March 10, 2011, for planning purposes. (of course, they left Russia a month before this budget spoke of would have gone into effect) Thus there was a linkage in funding and it appears State is taking the lead.

“The last two budgets for State and USAID reflect a sustained effort to renew America’s global leadership by elevating diplomacy and development as core and mutually reinforcing pillars of America’s power” (UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-35734 Doc No. C05366338 Date: 09/30/2014)

The Clintons have had a money/accountability problem since “Travelgate” and after Donna Bazile’s recent allegations that while Bazile was Chairman of the DNC, all the funding, and dispersal of funds was done without her knowledge or input, and still do. Clinton is a take charge person, and it is almost certain she made final decisions concerning joint State / USAID funding efforts. In other words, she likely decided to fund the NGO’s that Putin was suspicious of interfering in his election.

Putin claimed;” Her involvement in the anti-Putin demonstrations after the election” may have spurred Putin’s tit for tat disruptions of the US election process. Putin accused Hillary of trying to instigate an “Orange type Revolution” against his regime per the following news reports.

“At a crisis meeting with his advisers on Dec. 8 of that year, the Russian leader chose to lay the blame on one meddling foreign diplomat: U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.”

“She set the tone for certain actors inside the country; she gave the signal,” Putin said of Clinton at the time, accusing her of ordering the opposition movement into action like some kind of revolutionary sleeper cell. “They heard this signal and, with the support of the U.S. State Department, started actively doing their work.” Time – July 2016

The money issue aside, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton blast Putin concerning the earlier parliamentary elections.

Secretary of State Hillary Clinton called for a “full investigation” of irregularities in Sunday’s parliamentary elections in which the party of Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin appears to have suffered a serious setback.

“We have serious concerns about the conduct of the election,” she said Tuesday as ministers gathered for a meeting of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. (Time, Dec. 2011)

Since leaving government, Clinton has had almost exclusively tough words for Putin, especially following Russia’s 2014 annexation of Crimea. At a March 2014 fundraiser, Clinton compared Putin’s action “to what Hitler did back in the ’30s.” (Politico, July 2016)

Early last August, (2016)an envelope with extraordinary handling restrictions arrived at the White House. Sent by courier from the CIA, it carried “eyes only” instructions that its contents be shown to just four people: President Barack Obama and three senior aides.

“Inside was an intelligence bombshell, a report drawn from sourcing deep inside the Russian government that detailed Russian President Vladi­mir Putin’s direct involvement in a cyber campaign to disrupt and discredit the U.S. presidential race.” (WP,2017)

But it went further. The intelligence captured Putin’s specific instructions on the operation’s audacious objectives — defeat or at least damage the Democratic nominee, Hillary Clinton, and help elect her opponent, Donald Trump.

Obama after the CIA reported Russian, Putin, plans of interfering in the US election pondered his own reaction to this breach of US sovereignty. (WP, June 2017)

If Obama, the CIA, FBI, knew from “sourcing deep inside the Russian government” that Putin was planning on interfering and had detailed the type of interfering, then why has this been investigated for a year?

Why did when FBI Mueller announce 13 indictments February 16, 2016, was it like it was finally concluded Russia did interfere in the US election? “Friday in a sprawling indictment that unveiled a sophisticated network designed to subvert the 2016 election and to support the Trump campaign.” (NYT, Feb 16, 2018)

When in August 2016, Obama received intelligence of this very fact. And Obama planned to consider his reactions.

Over that five-month interval, the Obama administration secretly debated dozens of options for deterring or punishing Russia, including cyber attacks on Russian infrastructure, the release of CIA-gathered material that might embarrass Putin and sanctions that officials said could “crater” the Russian economy. (WP, June 2017)

Today, February 17, 2018, the reporters hammered President Trump on did he have plans to retaliate or take action against Russia for tampering with the 2016 Election. First of all, Obama knew about it in August 2016, prior to the November ballots cast, so what did he do about it. We know the FBI started an investigation. But the criminal had already admitted his crime or was discovered in August 2016. So what are we going to do February 2017?

An editorial comment: I suspect Hillary Clinton, did secretly finance opposition groups through USAID, in line with their broad budget definitions, and Putin may have been justified by his complaint, even in retaliation. I hate to suggest siding with Putin, but Hillary’s obvious ego and narcissistic behavior make it believable. She had other Russian motives, her support for Yeltsin, to the displeasure of Putin, her close connections with the new Russian Oligarchy class in connection with the proposed new Russian Silicon Valley. And Putin’s eventual taking the Oligarchy’s ambitions away from them. A very big slam to her resume of accomplishments and political ambitions. I know blood is thicker than water, but Hillary’s not my blood, possibly not human blood. Putin has ice water in his veins, but the people are better off than Kruchev. Yeltsin, who knows, he was drunk most of the time.

Furthermore, while US and Russia’s relations are at a very low point, this suspect violation of our national sovereignty could accelerate to a new cold war or war. In which I always suspected the Democrats and Hillary wanted a war with Russia from the start. (to hideHillary and obama behind) My advice is for President Trump and Putin, to agree to a cease fire on all election tampering, financial and cyber. Life’s too short, to start a nuclear war over Hillary Clinton. (Oh and put Clinton in jail, and everyone in the Obama administration guilty of security violations, fraud etc. Obama should have been an Alabama Governor. They always go to jail)

Oh:”Tillerson wants to merge the State Dept. and USAID. That’s a bad idea.”(WP, June 2017) lol. No comment.

James Kirk-Wiggins © February 2018

 

 

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Hillary Clinton and Putins Chess Match

her involvement in the anti-Putin demonstrations after the election may have spurred Putin’s tit for tat

2011 PROTEST OVER PUTIN’S ELECTION FRAUD

putin demo2

Hillary Clinton’s alleged interference in Putin’s election in 2011 and her involvement in the anti-Putin demonstrations after the election may have spurred Putin’s tit for tat disruptions of the US election process. Putin accused Hillary of trying to instigate an “Orange type Revolution” against his regime per the following news reports.

clinton putin

Huffington Post

Politico

Time

 

Jim Kirk-Wiggins (c) February 2018

Featured

AMERICAN MILITARISM: THE PRICE PAID IN FLORIDA

I don’t believe us as a nation desire to address the cause because we fear it’s too great of a cost

SCHOOL SHOOTINGS, INNER CITY VIOLENCE, DOMESTIC ABUSE, IS THIS THE COST OF GLOBAL POWER?

parklandshooting

More police officers in schools, gun control, attention to sociopath behavior among students, will have a very limited effect. We are only addressing the symptoms, not the cause of school shootings. I don’t believe us as a nation desire to address the cause because we fear it’s too great of a cost. Our government and defense PACS and lobbyist will not let it happen without a new Zeitgeist in America.

CHILDRENSCARED

The below is a reprint of a previous article on world peace and America’s cultural preparation for war. In light of the recent school shooting in Parkland, Florida a new reading of contributors to violence needs to be understood. I’ve edited the sequence of the article to spotlight School shootings and cultural violence primarily, and moved our nations historical violent beginnings and dominance toward the end, for perspective.

More police officers in schools, gun control, attention to sociopath behavior among students, will have a very limited effect. We are only addressing the outcome, not the cause. I don’t believe us as a nation desire to address the cause because we fear it’s too great of a cost. Our government and defense PACS and lobbyist will not let it happen without a new Zeitgeist in America.

As the website name implies, we’re interested in promoting peace. However, I don’t think most Americans are aware how violent oriented we’ve become, or think about it. It’s like the metaphor; “how to boil a frog”. Briefly, if you aren’t aware of this story; You put the frog in a pot on the stove in water temperature comfortable for the frog so he doesn’t jump out. Then you slowly raise the temperature so the frog doesn’t notice, next thing you know you have boiled frog. (This is a metaphor, please for the sake of frogs, don’t do this at home.)BOILING FROG

 

PREPARING THE NEXT GENERATION FOR WAR AND SOCIOPATHIC BEHAVIOR

As many as 97% of US kids age 12-17 play video games…. More than half of the top 50 video games contain violence.

VIDEOGAMEVIOLENCE

Violent video games have been blamed for school shootings, bullying, and violence towards women.  (PROCON.ORG, 06/03/16)

By age 18, a U.S. youth will have seen 16,000 simulated murders and 200,000 acts of violence. American Psychiatric Association –(PARENTAL TELEVISION COUNCIL)

VIDEOGAMEVIOLENCE2

American sports become more violent every year. Wrestling looks brutal, MMA fighting is brutal. Watch an MMA match fight and the below video and enough said.MMA FIGHT

Main Stream American Sports Video

Much research data and opinions have come out about the effect of Video games and Violent TV supporting one position or another of the effect on youth. Common sense alone would tell me it’s going to de-synthesize people toward violence and make it more acceptable mentally.

However, some of the latest scientific findings which weren’t available in most of the research previously, makes me wonder what we’re producing.

CHILDREN SPORTS VIOLENCE

Mirror Neurons. When you watch another person activity or action your brain fires neurons as if you were doing the action. Most are hailing this great new discovery. But how about when a video game has a sword slicing and dicing, or MMA fight beating the blood out of some lady on the floor. Our mirror neurons are firing with each punch, our limbs are stopped short by the brain from actually moving our fist, but it’s playing it out. Thus in Cops reality shows, Violent Sports, Video Games, Violent Movies, and headline news if they reported world news instead of mostly anti-Trump news, our children’s mirror neurons are firing away, their brain’s imitating all this.

This is alarming why, besides obvious psychological effects, they have discovered Brain Plasticity. This is where the brain is capable of “rewiring” itself for frequent activities, emotions etc.  Then new discoveries in epigenetics have discovered a limited plasticity to DNA. Research now indicates your DNA and neural pathways are altered by experience, stress, and environment.  This is definitely screaming for more research papers.

There is increasing evidence that epigenetic mechanisms, such as DNA methylation, are present across species, are modifiable by the environment, and are involved in developmental plasticity. (National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health HHS public access).

(There is much data, more palatable on TED, YouTube, Wikipedia and Google search engine)

AMERICA’S VIOLENT HISTORY

The growth of American violence indicators has increased in the new millennium rapidly. Our early history in colonial America’s wilderness, Indians, lawlessness, isolation and numerous wars created an early violent beginning.

America Has Been at War 93% of the Time – 222 out of 239 Years – Since 1776

America has seemed to accept war routinely since there have only been 21 years of peace since our beginning. War has always seemed fearful certainly to our population, but with the threat of thermal nuclear war, the spread of countries with weapons of mass destruction, terrorism, and the apparent unpredictability of some international leaders has turned the water temperature significantly up.

We were soldiers. (Many of us are or have been)

LIVING AMERICAN VETERANS 21,065,561 09/30/2017 (VA.GOV 04/19)

The projected active duty end strength in the armed forces for FY 2017 was 1,281,900 people, with an additional 801,200 people in the seven reserve components. (GOOGLE SEARCH PAGE SUMMARY, 05/17)

Our National Priority appears to be Military Strength. According to the OMB via (Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, March 4, 2016) 2% is spent on infrastructure, 3% on Education, 2% on Science and Medical research, 10% on safety net programs. $600 Billion is military spending.

Military Spending in the United States. In the fiscal year 2015, military spending is projected to account for 54 percent of all federal discretionary spending, a total of $598.5 billion. (GOOGLE SEARCH PAGE SUMMARY, 05/17)

LIST OF US DEFENSE CONTRACTORS

The above data isn’t intended to complain about our priorities, but rather to see what Americans have come to accept as the status quo, and how many Americans have been directly touched by the violence of war. Thus increasing our pot temperature. This frog is getting hot.

IWOGEMIABut why do Americans accept our leaders war mentality, ok US security mentality, and the lopsided priorities of our tax dollars on the military? The large number of veterans surely didn’t come back and say; “hot damn, that was fun, war is the bomb.” Some did, but I think most believe they served their country honorably, and war is not a good thing. I salute veterans, I am a Vietnam veteran, and I’m proud of our veterans and soldiers. Yet, I believe war is not a good thing. Yet we keep repeating it. Remember 93% of the time since America’s birth we’ve been in some form of war. Not all were large conflicts, look at the link above. One thing that stood out to me was the years we were at war or invaded Mexico. Since 1846 we have fought Mexico 35 years in total. Wow, they should maybe consider building that wall, for their own protection.

 


In conclusion, are we building bionic soldiers, sociopathic teens, domestic violence and abusers, inner-city crime and drug cultures, increasing in intensity each generation?

Furthermore, we have been doing this increasingly, this millennium. Our frog is now dead. We are headed as a nation toward a polar opposite of peace, and increasingly toward greater militarization, violence, and hatred. Life Matters. Will this eventually create the destruction of our national unity and stability?

VIOLENT FLAG

James Kirk-Wiggins © February 2018

(also printed in sister website peacepossible.org)

 

 

 

Featured

Will We Meet This New Attack On Our Freedom

THIS UNUSUAL AND UNIQUE THREAT TO FREEDOM OF THE PRESS, VIOLATES THE FIRST AMENDMENT TO THE CONSTITUTION

HAS FREEDOM OF THE PRESS BEEN INFRINGED UPON BY THE 1996 TELECOMMUNICATIONS ACT?

 

Freedom of the Press has been fought on the battlefield more on the government trying to restrict Journalist or the Media under National Security pretense, real or false, or FCC for fair standards or community standards, The thought has been the government controlling or restricting the press. Or even government ownership in some countries. The “Moral Majority” attacked the press, media, and entertainment a decade ago, to restrict their freedom for moral or cultural reasons. Below is a quote how the rich English Gentry once censored press on an ‘agreed upon standard’, of what should be said or not. Nevertheless,  they were all censorship and restrictions placed on freedom of the press. As is this new threat.

I suppose attacks will often come from diverse and unexpected directions against freedom of any kind. Because power and control are the black fungus or goo in horror movies that try to take over and smother life, animals, forest, or kingdoms. Today; Power and Control are attacking our freedom of the press. The fall from 50 multinational corporations to 5 multinational corporations have taken the diverse, investigative, and fresh revelations from news outlets that will never return. The exposures of Watergates, the O J Simpson trial, Monica Lewinsky and Bill Clinton, and some really important revelations and exposures that protected and changed America.

Five cow herds are much easier to corral than 50 cow herds. It is quite obvious to many Americans our 5 media corporations are involved in some shadowy insidious liberal, global, agenda haze. Maybe it’s just what these elite rich people think? Nevertheless, if Freedom of the Press has lost its Freedom, Democracy has also lost its freedom.

….As I asked has the freedom of the Press been infringed upon by the 1996 TELECOMMUNICATIONS ACT?

YES.  Congress by passing 1996 Telecommunications act has restricted freedom of the press. (Direct violation of the 1st Amendment, whether intentional, or not, whether it happened due to a change in telecommunications, the internet, or America forgetting why anti-trust legislation became very necessary. The Daddy Warbucks image has faded.

big bucks

FIRST AMENDMENT TO THE US CONSTITUTION

The First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, says that “Congress shall make no law….abridging (limiting) the freedom of speech, or of the press…”

Telecommunications Act of 1996 (FCC)

That’s exactly what the 1996 Telecommunications act did. Yet it was publicly presented that it would open new markets. Instead, major media corporation monopolized from around 50 to current 5 major media corporation. Greatly limiting competition, and diversity of opinions concerning the operation of our government, domestic and international affairs.

WHITE HOUSE – FROM CLINTON AND GORE

“The Telecommunications Act of 1996 is the first major overhaul of telecommunications law in almost 62 years. The goal of this new law is to let anyone enter any communications business — to let any communications business compete in any market against any other. The Telecommunications Act of 1996 has the potential to change the way we work, live and learn. It will affect telephone service — local and long distance, cable programming and other video services, broadcast services and services provided to schools. The Federal Communications Commission has a tremendous role to play in creating fair rules for this new era of competition.

The 1996 Telecommunications act “Because President Clinton and Vice President Gore believe that diversity of voices and viewpoints is critical to our democracy, the Act will prevent undue concentration of television and radio ownership…

[“PREVENT UNDUE CONCENTRATION OF TELEVISION AND RADIO OWNERSHIP”?].

                                               IT WAS A LIE!

IT DID EXACTLY THE OPPOSITE OF WHAT CLINTON/GORE SAID; “diversity of voices and viewpoints is critical to our democracy”.  OVER 50 MAJOR CORPORATIONS TO 5 TODAY.  Now 90% ownership by 5 Big Daddy Warbucks.

It’s also very obvious, to anyone except persons with their own political agenda, or for job security, or they are lemmings, the 90% media has a definite liberal, Anti-Trump slant. NO, let’s say they are at war and hate the Trump administration, and broadcast this 24/7.  Did Bill Clinton and Al Gore see this advantage coming? I say they did. Either for the future Gore or Hilliary Presidency, our just for their party. Did the 5 major corporations see the opportunities to gobble up the market in this 1996  telecom law? I say they did. This act was heavily lobbied in Congress by the Telecommunications industries, the did this for a real reason.

WHY IS FREEDOM OF THE PRESS, DIVERSE OWNERSHIP SO VITAL TO OUR DEMOCRACY?

SOME FAVORITE QUOTES ON FREEDOM OF THE PRESS:

“Freedom of speech is unnecessary if the people to whom it is granted do not think for themselves.”

― Mokokoma Mokhonoana

 

“Belief is a wonderful way to pass the time until the facts come in.”

― Carl R White

“Unpopular ideas can be silenced, and inconvenient facts kept dark, without the need for any official ban…. [IN OTHER CONTRIES] things which on their own merits would get the big headlines-being kept right out of the British press, not because the Government intervened but because of a general tacit agreement that ‘it wouldn’t do’ to mention that particular fact… The British press is extremely centralized, and most of it is owned by wealthy men who have every motive to be dishonest on certain important topics. But the same kind of veiled censorship also operates in books and periodicals, as well as in plays, films, and radio…. but it is ‘not done’ to say it, just as in mid-Victorian times it was ‘not done’ to mention trousers in the presence of a lady….

― George Orwell, Animal Farm

(NO ALLEGORY in this Animal Farm. JUST CHANGE; “IT WOULD NOT DUE”; TO THE LIBERAL AGENDA, AND “WEALTHY MEN”; TO 5 MAJOR CORPORATIONS.)

“Freedom to publish means freedom for all and not for some.

Freedom to publish is guaranteed by the constitution but

freedom to continue to prevent others from publishing is not.”

Justice Hugo L. Black

 

(CONSOLIDATION OF MEDIA PREVENTS OTHERS FROM PUBLISHING)

 

“No system of regulation can safely be substituted for the operation of

individual liberty as expressed in competition.”

Louis D. Brandeis

Source:Brandeis: A Free Man’s Life

 

“…The greatest dangers to liberty lurk in

insidious by men of zeal, well-meaning but without

understanding.”

Justice Louis D. Brandeis

US Supreme Court Justice 1928

 

“When we lose the right to be different,

we lose the privilege to be free.”

— Justice Charles Evans Hughes

 

“Ultimately all the questions boil down to one –

Whether we as a people will try fearfully and futilely to preserve

democracy by adopting totalitarian methods, or whether in accordance

without traditions, and our constitution we will have the

confidence and courage to be free.”

Hugo L. Black

 

FAIRNESS DOCTRINE

Some authors argue that mainstream media journalism today is a shameful joke because of President Reagan’s decision to abolish Fairness Doctrine. Once upon a time, the Fairness Doctrine ensured that the information we receive – information vital to the ability of the people to govern in the manner intended – came from a wide variety of sources and perspectives. Reagan’s policies annihilated the Fairness Doctrine, opening the door for a few mega-corporations to gather journalism unto themselves. Today, Reagan’s old bosses at General Electric own three of the most-watched news channels. This company profits from every war Americans fight, but somehow is trusted to tell the truths of war. Thus, the myths and lies are sold to us.

The slow road to the Telecommunications Act. Could there be a bigger hammer coming, and Freedom of the Press is but one domino to fall. The First?

Highly concentrated’ media ownership sees Ireland slip down press freedom rankings   

The Impact of Media Concentration on Professional Journalism  (Germany, Finland, United Kingdom, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Poland and Romania).

THIS UNUSUAL AND UNIQUE THREAT TO FREEDOM OF THE PRESS, VIOLATES THE FIRST AMENDMENT TO THE CONSTITUTION, JUST AS IF THEY THOUGHT OF THIS DANGER, IN ADDITION TO GOVERNMENT TYRANNY OVER THE PRESS. CORPORATE TYRANNY, ELITIST TYRANNY, GLOBALIST TYRANNY.

Well, a rose is a rose, is a rose.

 

 

Jim Kirk-Wiggins

OneFreePress

 

Featured

COMPLETE FISA MEMO

Our findings, which are detailed below, 1) raise concerns with the legitimacy and legality of certain DOJ and FBI interactions with the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court (FISC), and 2) represent a troubling breakdown of legal processes established to protect the American people from abuses related to the FISA process.

THE WHITE HOUSE

WASHINGTON

February 2, 2018

The Honorable Devin Nunes

Chairman, House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence United States Capitol

Washington, DC 20515

Dear Mr. Chairman:

On January 29, 2018, the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence (hereinafter “the Committee”) voted to disclose publicly a memorandum containing classified information provided to the Committee in connection with its oversight activities (the “Memorandum,” which is attached to this letter). As provided by clause 1 1 (g) of Rule X of the House of Representatives, the Committee has forwarded this Memorandum to the President based on its determination that the release of the Memorandum would serve the public interest.

The Constitution vests the President with the authority to protect national security secrets from disclosure. As the Supreme Court has recognized, it is the President’s responsibility to classify, declassify, and control access to information bearing on our intelligence sources and methods and national defense. See, e.g., Dep ‘t ofNavy v. Egan, 484 U.S. 518, 527 (1988). In order to facilitate appropriate congressional oversight, the Executive Branch may entrust classified information to the appropriate committees of Congress, as it has done in connection with the Committee’s oversight activities here. The Executive Branch does so on the assumption that the Committee will responsibly protect such classified information, consistent with the laws of the United States.

The Committee has now determined that the release of the Memorandum would be appropriate. The Executive Branch, across Administrations of both parties, has worked to accommodate congressional requests to declassify specific materials in the public interest. l However, public release of classified information by unilateral action of the Legislative Branch is extremely rare and raises significant separation of powers concerns. Accordingly, the Committee’s request to release the Memorandum is interpreted as a request for declassification pursuant to the President’s authority.

The President understands that the protection of our national security represents his highest obligation. Accordingly, he has directed lawyers and national security staff to assess the

1 See, e.g., S. Rept. 114-8 at 12 (Administration of Barack Obama) (“On April 3, 2014 . . . the Committee agreed to send the revised Findings and Conclusions, and the updated Executive Summary of the Committee Study, to the President for declassification and public release.”); H. Rept. 107-792 (Administration of George W. Bush) (similar); E.O. 12812 (Administration of George H.W. Bush) (noting Senate resolution requesting that President provide for declassification of certain information via Executive Order).

declassification request, consistent with established standards governing the handling of classified information, including those under Section 3.1 (d) of Executive Order 13526. Those standards permit declassification when the public interest in disclosure outweighs any need to protect the information. The White House review process also included input from the Office of the Director of National Intelligence and the Department of Justice. Consistent with this review and these standards, the President has determined that declassification of the Memorandum is appropriate.

Based on this assessment and in light of the significant public interest in the memorandum, the

President has authorized the declassification of the Memorandum. To be clear, the

Memorandum reflects the judgments of its congressional authors. The President understands that oversight concerning matters related to the Memorandum may be continuing. Though the circumstances leading to the declassification through this process are extraordinary, the Executive Branch stands ready to work with Congress to accommodate oversight requests consistent with applicable standards and processes, including the need to protect intelligence sources and methods.

Sincerely,

Donald F. McGahn 11

Counsel to the President

cc: The Honorable Paul Ryan

Speaker of the House of Representatives

The Honorable Adam Schiff

Ranking Member, House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence

2018         Declassified by order of the President

January 18,

February 2, 2018

HPSCI Majority Members

From: HPSCI Majority Staff
Subject: Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act Abuses at the Department of Justice and the Federal Bureau of Investigation

 

Purpose

This memorandum provides Members an update on significant facts relating to the Committee’s ongoing investigation into the Department of Justice (DOJ) and Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and their use of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) during the 2016 presidential election cycle. Our findings, which are detailed below, 1) raise concerns with the legitimacy and legality of certain DOJ and FBI interactions with the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court (FISC), and 2) represent a troubling breakdown of legal processes established to protect the American people from abuses related to the FISA process.

Investigation Update

On October 21, 2016, DOJ and FBI sought and received a FISA probable cause order

(not under Title VIl) authorizing electronic surveillance on Carter Page from the FISC. Page is a

U.S. citizen who served as a volunteer advisor to the Trump presidential campaign. Consistent with requirements under FISA, the application had to be first certified by the Director or Deputy Director of the FBI. It then required the approval of the Attorney General, Deputy Attorney General (DAG), or the Senate-confirmed Assistant Attorney General for the National Security Division.

The FBI and DOJ obtained one initial FISA warrant targeting Carter Page and three FISA renewals from the FISC. As required by statute (50 U.S.C.  a FISA order on an American citizen must be renewed by the FISC every 90 days and each renewal requires a separate finding of probable cause. Then-Director James Comey signed three FISA applications in question on behalf of the FBI, and Deputy Director Andrew McCabe signed one. Then-DAG Sally Yates, then-Acting DAG Dana Boente, and DAG Rod Rosenstein each signed one or more

FISA applications on behalf of DOJ.

Due to the sensitive nature of foreign intelligence activity, FISA submissions (including renewals) before the FISC are classified. As such, the public’s confidence in the integrity of the FISA process depends on the court’s ability to hold the government to the highest standard— particularly as it relates to surveillance of American citizens. However, the FISC’s rigor in protecting the rights of Americans, which is-féifföiCéWbf9(F-däVféfiéWals of surveillance orders, is necessarily dependent on the government’s production to the court of all material and relevant facts. This should include information potentially favorable to the target of the FISA

              OF                 OF

 

application that is known by the government. In the case of Carter Page, the government had at least four independent opportunities before the FISC to accurately provide an accounting of the relevant facts. However, our findings indicate that, as described below, material and relevant information was omitted.

  • The “dossier” compiled by Christopher Steele (Steele dossier) on behalf of the Democratic National Committee (DNC) and the Hillary Clinton campaign formed an essential part of the Carter Page FISA application. Steele was a longtime FBI source who was paid over $160,000 by the DNC and Clinton campaign, via the law firm Perkins Coie and research firm Fusion GPS, to obtain derogatory information on Donald Trump’s ties to Russia.
    1. Neither the initial application in October 2016, nor any of the renewals, disclose or reference the role of the DNC, Clinton campaign, or any party/campaign in funding Steele’s efforts, even though the political origins of the Steele dossier were then known to senior DOJ and FBI officials.
  • The initial FISA application notes Steele was working for a named U.S. person, but does not name Fusion GPS and principal Glenn Simpson, who was paid by a U.S. law firm (Perkins Coie) representing the DNC (even though it was known by DOJ at the time that political actors were involved with the Steele dossier). The application does not mention Steele was ultimately working on behalf of—and paid by—the DNC and Clinton campaign, or that the FBI had separately authorized payment to Steele for the same information.
  • The Carter Page FISA application also cited extensively a September 23, 2016, Yahoo News article by Michael Isikoff, which focuses on Page’s July 2016 trip to Moscow. This article does not corroborate the Steele dossier because it is derived from information leaked by Steele himself to Yahoo News. The Page FISA application incorrectly assesses that Steele did not directly provide information to Yahoo News. Steele has admitted in British court filings that he met with Yahoo News—and several other outlets—in September 2016 at the direction of Fusion GPS. Perkins Coie was aware of Steele’s initial media contacts because they hosted at least one meeting in Washington D.C. in 2016 with Steele and Fusion GPS where this matter was discussed.
    1. Steele was suspended and then terminated as an FBI source for what the FBI defines as the most serious of violations—an unauthorized disclosure to the media of his relationship with the FBI in an October 30, 2016, Mother Jones article by David Corn. Steele should have been terminated for his previous undisclosed contacts with

Yahoo and other outlets in September—before the Page application was submitted to

UNCLASSIFIED

              OF                 OF

the FISC in October—but Steele improperly concealed from and lied to the FBI about those contacts.

  1. b) Steele’s numerous encounters with the media violated the cardinal rule of source handling—maintaining confidentiality—and demonstrated that Steele had become a less than reliable source for the FBI.
  • Before and after Steele was terminated as a source, he maintained contact with DOJ via then-Associate Deputy Attorney General Bruce Ohr, a senior DOJ official who worked closely with Deputy Attorneys General Yates and later Rosenstein. Shortly after the election, the FBI began interviewing Ohr, documenting his communications with Steele. For example, in September 2016, Steele admitted to Ohr his feelings against thencandidate Trump when Steele said he “was desperate that Donald Trump not get elected and was passionate about him not being president.” This clear evidence of Steele’ s bias was recorded by Ohr at the time and subsequently in official FBI files—but not reflected in any of the Page FISA applications.
  1. a) During this same time period, Ohr’s wife was employed by Fusion GPS to assist in the cultivation of opposition research on Trump. Ohr later provided the FBI with all of his wife’s opposition research, paid for by the DNC and Clinton campaign via Fusion GPS. The Ohrs’ relationship with Steele and Fusion GPS was inexplicably concealed from the FISC.
  • According to the head of the FBI’s counterintelligence division, Assistant Director Bill

Priestap, corroboration of the Steele dossier was in its “infancy” at the time of the initial Page FISA application. After Steele was terminated, a source validation report conducted by an independent unit within FBI assessed Steele’s reporting as only minimally corroborated. Yet, in early January 2017, Director Comey briefed President-elect Trump on a summary of the Steele dossier, even though it was—according to his June 2017 testimony—”salacious and unverified.” While the FISA application relied on Steele’s past record of credible reporting on other unrelated matters, it ignored or concealed his anti-Trump financial and ideological motivations. Furthermore, Deputy Director McCabe testified before the Committee in December 2017 that no surveillance warrant would have been sought from the FISC without the Steele dossier information.

UNCLASSIFIED

              OF                 OF

5) The Page FISA application also mentions information regarding fellow Trump campaign advisor George Papadopoulos, but there is no evidence of any cooperation or conspiracy between Page and Papadopoulos. The Papadopoulos information triggered the opening of an FBI counterintelligence investigation in late July 2016 by FBI agent Pete Strzok. Strzok was reassigned by the Special Counsel’s Office to FBI Human Resources for improper text messages with his mistress, FBI Attorney Lisa Page (no known relation to Carter Page), where they both demonstrated a clear bias against Trump and in favor of Clinton, whom Strzok had also investigated. The Strzok[Lisa Page texts also reflect extensive discussions about the investigation, orchestrating leaks to the media, and include a meeting with Deputy Director McCabe to discuss an “insurance” policy against President Trump’s election.

UNCLASSIFIED

              OF                 OF

America’s Foundation

America’s Foundation

Justice is often issued by the hand who holds the whip. In the US, Justice is not a hand, lest you believe the hand of God guided the writers of our Constitution and guided its birth and growth to lead our nation to the potential it demonstrates.

I say potential, only because greed for power and money over shadow this moment. But I have faith, that the same providence that led us out of serfdom of a forgotten King, will deliver us from the present internal kings, of a kingdom that will disappear with but a spark.

And externally from nations or people who rely on a man, a mans religious interpretation, a mans expressed values or morality; these are as a vapor, a building lacking foundation, a chair with a weak leg.

Men and men’s mind, given the freedom, will seek more land than he can walk, more followers than he can feed, and will end with an enemy foot on his neck. Such is the mind of man without vigilant restraint from the governed, and a solid foundation to guide both the governor and the governed.

That foundation must be preserved, by a multiplicity of means. One is a Free Press, another is restraint of the economic infringement into its government, through manipulation and corruption.

These are our current holders of our chains; Monopoly, Oligarchy, media Oligopoly, and Congressional slavery to campaign finance. When Americans awake, their chains will fall behind them.

Externally, nations can join our vision of liberty, equality, and faith or perish by their foolish leaders, whom are but charismatic phantoms.

Jim Kirk-Wiggins, April 11, 2018.